• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The present selection, exclusion, exemption and challenge procedures ensure that juries will never be representative of the public conscience" Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


ENGLISH LEGAL SYSTEM COURSEWORK QUESTION 2 : "The present selection, exclusion, exemption and challenge procedures ensure that juries will never be representative of the public conscience" Discuss. ANSWER; Juries in England often described as the "the jewel in the Crown", with 12 different faces on the jury that is its strength, of course there are automatic exemptions: for criminals and bankrupts and more importantly for professionals like lawyers, judges, prison officers and police. Others, like doctors, can seek exemptions. It's tighter in some States than others, but after all the exclusions, exemptions and excuses - and let's not forgets the defence is entitled to challenge if they don't like the jury. Juries Act 1974 is the act governing the juries system in UK. Juries system been form in UK for insure the public justice system will be fairly deliver and up hold the justice, yet the present selection, exclusion, exemption and challenges procedures become a great question that did such method did representive of the public conscience. 1 The method of selection of juries subject to this section and section 5, every person enrolled as an elector for the Legislative Assembly shall be qualified and liable to serve as a juror, Therefore those age reach 18 up to 70 were eligible to become juror. ...read more.


Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration of justice is fundamental to our democratic system. It not only furthers the goals of the jury system. It reaffirms the promise of equality under the law - that all citizens, regardless of race, ethnicity, or gender, have the chance to take part directly in our democracy. 4 Powers v. Ohio, its shows and believed that no body should exclude base on solely because of race or gender, this promise of equality dims, and the integrity of our judicial system is jeopardized. The law makers need look in this factors for 5 commands the public confidences in order the juries system continuously will representative of the public conscience .6In New York and many other State of USA source records for jury services been expended, all or most of exemptions from jury trail been sweep away, and excusal become largely deferred. This result is that nearly every one does jury service as an acknowledged civil duty, including, judges, lawyers, policeman. Doctors and clergymen. [3] Juries Amendment Act 1990 [4] [499 U.S. ...read more.


[7] Jury Excusal and Deferral Research Findings No102, Home Offices Statistics Directorate [8] 1974 Act s.9b [9] Royal Commission on Criminal Justice, Research Study 19. [10] Criminal Justice Act 1988, s.118 (1) [11] The Hon Mr Justice D. K. Malcolm AC, Chief Justice of Western Australia, Report of Chief Justice's Taskforce on Gender Bias, 30 June 1994. Although there are a number of legitimate concerns with the current jury selection process in UK and while a number of options are open for reforming the process, the report concludes that a piecemeal approach to reform is not likely to successfully address the need to improve the system for racial, visible, ethno-cultural and other minorities The need is not only to address some or all of the out-of-court processes, but at the same time to reform the in-court procedures in the selection, exclusion, exemption and the challenges procedures of juries. It would appear to be necessary to undertake reform in order juries always representative of the society. Word count. Page 1 :314 Page 2 :302 Page 3 :279 Page 4 :105 Total word count :1000 words. 9 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Machinery of Justice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Machinery of Justice essays


    This will be closely scrutinised by the court, as it does not for instance authorise any general powers of arrest to maintain order. Powers of arrest without a warrant are governed by PACE as amended and can be grouped into the following categories: Arrest at common law for breach of the peace.

  2. What Impact will Formalising Plea Bargaining have on Justice and Equality in the English ...

    States, research revealed that bargains were far superior for white defendants than they were for black defendants. By introducing a formal system it will not solve equal bargains as ethnic minority defendants are more likely to exercise their right to trial.18 It is well known that in criminal proceedings if

  1. Why do young people join gangs and other subcultures? How does a criminal sub ...

    cultural participants, agents of legal control, consumers of mediated crime images, and others. If we are to understand both the terror and the appeal of skinheads, Bloods and Crips, graffiti "writers," rude boys, drug users, and others, we must be able to make sense not only of their criminal acts, but of their collective aesthetics as well.

  2. In the three stories "A Vendetta" by Guy De Maupassant, "Crackling Day" by world's ...

    This is called first person narration. One day, Wednesday it was, the two friends have been sent by their carers to the farm in Elsburg to buy "sixpence crackling." It was cold at that time and the boys were dressed in light clothes; they walked on bare feet.

  1. Psychological research has lead to a better understanding of crime in society, the legal ...

    is considered as a criminal offence in the UK to act prejudice against groups of people. However, there is still evidence to suggest that prejudice does occur, for example in the police force. Black people are more likely than either whites or Asians to be stopped by the police, as demonstrated in the table.

  2. Mandatory Minimums: A National Injustice

    Over 80% of women in prison are mothers, and 70% of these women are single parents (Cruel). These statistics are quite astonishing, especially when considering all the children and families affected.

  1. The Canadian Justice system towards aboriginal offenders

    One of the essential elements of the sentencing circle is that it is conducted in an atmosphere which is less daunting to the offender than the courtroom.15 Accordingly, most sentencing circles are held in band halls, or other locations of comfort to all parties involved, where "the professional monopoly of

  2. Policing Using New Technologies

    or to reoffend, and as it has also played a vital role in the use as evidence in court cases something that has remained essential in proving almost exact evidence in many crimes, it also shows crimes committed when the shop or business owner isn?t present so they can be used for protection based purposes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work