• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

The term 'human rights' carries connotations of a wide range of possibilities; some may think immediately of the right to have important needs met, a right to shelter or to food.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The term "human rights" carries connotations of a wide range of possibilities; some may think immediately of the right to have important needs met, a right to shelter or to food. International law often guarantees those rights within the means of a government. As Canadians, we often think of a right to health care or a right to vote in elections. These rights are guaranteed in legislation, or even in constitutional law. Human rights also include a right to equality, a right to equal dignity and participation in important areas of life, including work (Hess, 1993). Human rights protection means both ensuring that there are no violations of these rights (prohibiting discrimination, for example) and a positive obligation to increase the dignity and ability to participate in society of all members of a society (Armitage, 1996; Hess, 1993). An important equality protection, Employment Equity, in Canada is set out in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which contains a guarantee of equality in the labour market (Employment Equity Act, 1996). The Charter guarantee of equality is powerful, and establishes a floor of human rights that the government is required to meet. It is unacceptable for any government in Canada to act in a way that discriminates against a person or group. In support of my opening statements, the aim of this paper is to prove that relative poverty among women is evidence of Canada's residual approach to Employment Equity. The following is presented to clarify my aim relative poverty is defined as, "some individuals or groups in a society lack resources afforded and taken as fixed by others" (Klochkovsky, 1975). ...read more.

Middle

As of 1994, 40 percent of women, compared to 27 percent of men, held non-standard jobs, that is, they were self-employed, had multiple jobs, or jobs that were temporary or part-time (Townson, 1996). Many of these jobs were minimum wage jobs and were unlikely to be unionized and unlikely to provide pensions or benefits (Torjman, 1995; Townson, 1996). Also, at the time of marriage breakdown, women become poorer, while men's income increases (Women in Canada, 1995). This means that many women are one non-standard job, or one marriage breakdown, away from needing government income assistance (MacBride-King, 1990). During the 1995 through 2000 period women were hit by restructuring of social programs at both the federal and provincial levels (Day, Young and Won, 1998). This has exacerbated the pre-existing condition of women's disproportionate poverty and is a bitter irony for women (Townson, 2000). As noted, far from implementing the steps set out in the Platform for Action, measures have been instituted which have worsened the situation of Canadian women (Wilson Report, 1998). Monica Townson in her Report Card states, "Governments in Canada have not developed strategies to deal with women's poverty. In fact, many of the policies they have implemented recently have exacerbated the problem and have undoubtedly contributed to increasing poverty rates for women (2000)." Reduction of the deficit and, more recently, the debt has been a key focus for the Canadian government since the early 1990s (Torjman, 1995). Economists have argued that this recent expenditure reduction has resulted in, among other things, a shift in the burden of social welfare from the federal government to provincial government (Day, Young and Won, 1998). ...read more.

Conclusion

Given these realities, it is clear that the equality rights of women can only be recognized when the gendered nature of poverty and economic inequality are acknowledged and addressed through commitment to policy. To summarize, this paper illustrated that there are many barriers still preventing women from full and equal participation in the Canadian economy and in particular the labour market. Many of these barriers are premised on women's unequal burden in relation to homemaking, childcare and community care responsibilities. Women's struggles, especially those whom do not live privileged lives due to poverty, racism, ageism, and ableism, must be viewed in relation to the gendered practices of governmental policy and how it plays a central role in the changing relationship between women, the state, and the economy. The individualistic and instrumental perspectives of policy approaches to employment equity also direct attention away from issues of race, gender and class, while simultaneously reinforcing inequalities based on these differences. Upon review this paper supports my contention that relative poverty among women is evidence of Canada's residual approach to Employment Equity. Having offered this proof, I conclude in suggesting the review and modification (with the full and equal participation of women) of economic and social policies with a view to achieving the objective of the employment equity. Women's poverty and economic inequality are not only evidence of Canada's residual commitment and gendered approach to the Employment Equity Act. This is also evident violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights Freedoms, under which it is regulated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sources of Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sources of Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Common Law and Equity

    5 star(s)

    One of these is Search Orders, which is an interlocutory mandatory injunction, and is obtained to stop the defendant from concealing, removing or destroying documentary evidence or any moveable property.

  2. Unmarried fathers and their children - has the law got it right?

    wishes of a child who has reached the age of 16 (the age of discretion.) Secondly the courts will decide in the best interests of the child, if a dispute occurs in relation to the child's upbringing. The court therefore will not just order the return of the child to the individual who has parental responsibility.

  1. Explain the development of Equity.

    which gave rise to what is now called Equity, which can be simply thought of as 'fairness'. The main advantage of Equity is that it overcomes the problems associated with common law and also offers additional remedies, being described as the finishing touch to the common law system.

  2. Law a2 notes

    necessary for the theft to have been successful provided the property has been appropriated Corcoran v Anderton Used (or threatened) force on another person * The word "force" is an ordinary word and it is for the jury to decide what constitutes force.

  1. Changes to the Canadian Charter

    To me, the key word that stood out was "supremacy of God". In Canada today, we live in a multicultural society that does not necessarily follow one religion, rather, is made up of a mosaic of religions. I associate the word "God" with the religion of Christianity, hence by saying

  2. unit6 end of unit assignment civil litigation

    This case will probably be allocated to the fast track under Part 28,and the directions that would follow are standard directions concerning disclosure of documents, exchange of witness statements, and exchange of experts' reports), and a date for filing the Listing Questionnaire.

  1. EU law and Human Rights

    An issue of this nature which has raised more than a few eyebrows and heated debates in recent times is transsexualism. We have all witnessed controversial issues giving the law more than just minor migraine over the course of history such as homosexuality with its long-running battle against discrimination15 and quest for legal recognition16.

  2. Should people have a right to privacy?

    his privacy rights and rewarded him £60,000 damages after being incorrectly accused him of participating in a "Nazi orgy". The judge who dealt with the case stated that ‘he (Mosley) could expect privacy for consensual "sexual activities (albeit unconventional)’ 2(Eady, 2008).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work