• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent have policies on law and order eroded civil liberties in the United Kingdom since 1979?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent have policies on law and order eroded civil liberties in the United Kingdom since 1979? Prior to 1979, Law and Order was a surprisingly low political priority. It was certainly not considered a matter of great political importance. However, since 1979, there has been a period of turbulence, rising crime, and industrial unrest. This has created serge in the importance of Law and Order in the UK. Thatcher convinced the people that the UK's society was disordered, and promised to increase spending on Law and Order, despite spending cuts in other political areas. This increase in the importance of Law and Order has generally been seen as a positive change. However, many sceptics have accused some of the policies on Law and Order of eroding the people's civil liberties. To an extent, this accusation has some foundation. For example, in 1984, the government introduced PACE (The 'Police and Criminal Evidence Act). ...read more.

Middle

It has been argued that the Public Order Act has eroded a number of civil liberties. Most significantly, it has clearly eroded the human right of "Freedom of Expression". The Public Order Act has granted police significant power to prevent demonstrations, marches, protests and strikes, all of which are forms of 'Human Expression'. Therefore, it is clear that here civil liberties have been eroded. Furthermore, in 1999, the government introduced a policy that removed the peoples right to trial for burglary and theft. This, very simply, erodes the previously disreputable civil liberty of "Right to Trial". Furthermore, it has been argued to erode the civil right of 'free speech', as well as eroding the previously held concept of "innocent until proven guilty". A further significant policy on Law and Order was created in the year 2000. The government introduced the Football (Disorder) Act. The Act imposed restrictions and constraints on football hooligans, in order to prevent the serious problem of Football Hooliganism of the time. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most significant of these include PACE, The Terrorism Act, and the Crime and Public Protection Act. However, it is important to understand that, even with the introduction of these significant policies and restrictions, civil liberties have only been eroded to an extent. No liberty or right has been entirely restricted or removed altogether. For example, PACE does allow police to stop and search and detain you for questioning. However, presuming you are innocent, you can only be held for 72 hours, and though this may be an inconvenience to you, there is no possible way they could send you to prison without trial (as is the case in many countries outside of the UK). Furthermore, a number of policies have also been introduced that strengthen civil liberties. Most significant of these was the 'Human Rights Act', which strengthens all, peoples basic Human rights. Therefore, in conclusion, civil liberties have been eroded by a number of law and order policies since 1979, but only to a certain extent. Sebastian Cornelius S.H ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sources of Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sources of Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Jury (Criminal & Civil Trials)

    4 star(s)

    In the past a unanimous verdict was required. This has been changed so that, if the jury fails to agree after a given period, at the discretion of the judge they may reach a verdict by a 10-2 majority. This was to prevent jury tampering in cases involving organized crime.

  2. Understanding Young People, Law and Order

    Researchers believe these youth may abandon schoolmates in favor of criminal gangs, since membership in a gang earns respect and status in a different manner. In gangs, antisocial behavior and criminal activity earns respect and street credibility. Like society in general, criminal gangs are usually focused on material gain.

  1. Unmarried fathers and their children - has the law got it right?

    It is shocking that with out this parental responsibility order the father cannot even consent to emergency medical treatment. Surely the law has not got it right in relation to unmarried fathers. The Government needs to raise far more awareness about the importance of parental responsibility.

  2. unit6 end of unit assignment civil litigation

    2. It was a term of such agreement that the payment of �6,763 was to be paid on completion of the work within 30 days from the date of the Claimant's invoice and that should such sum not be paid within such period then any sum then owing should bear interest

  1. Outcome (3): Analyse the provisions relating to the police powers of arrest, search, seizure, ...

    A police constable must have reasonable grounds for suspecting that he will find stolen or prohibited articles before carrying out a stop and search, without such suspicion a stop and search will be unlawful (see Hernimen V Smith (1938)).

  2. "The dichotomy between employee and self-employed is being eroded in employment law, so much ...

    He said in the case: '... under a contract of service, a man is employed as part of the business and his work is done as an integral part of the business but, under a contract for services, his work, although done for the business, is not integrated into it but only accessory to it.'

  1. Free essay

    heirachy of civil courts

    Cases where the value of the claim is expected to be �15,000 or less (or, in the case of a personal injury claim, less than �50,000) are usually heard in the county court A county court appeal lies from a district judge to a circuit judge and from circuit judge to a high court judge.

  2. The Nature of Law in Society

    with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work