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To What Extent Were The Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906-1911 inspired by the social problems at the time.

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Introduction

To What Extent Were The Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906-1911 inspired by the social problems at the time. The years 1906-1911 saw the Liberal government pass many a reform. In this essay I will identify the reasons for such reforms to come about, assessing to what extent social problems were responsible. In 1906 the Liberals came to power after an overwhelming majority at the general election. The Liberals were led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman, a typical Gladstonian Liberal who was strongly in favour of the issue of self help. He continued with the traditional Gladstonian Liberal views and refused to take on New Liberalism. Not long after the election, the first social legislation was passed; this was the Trade Disputes Act. This was the most important statute of 1906 and it meant that a trade union was not liable for civil wrongs committed on its behalf, thereby largely eliminating the jurisdiction of the courts with respect to Labour disputes. The reason this bill was passed was because of the Taff Vale decision. The unions' right to strike would now be protected and peaceful picketing would now be legal. ...read more.

Middle

The results of this inspection revealed that one third of the children needed medical treatment but medical treatment was not permitted until after 1912. The third part of this act was that at least 25% of secondary school places had to be reserved for elementary schooled children. The fourth part of this act was the 1908 Children's Charter this included the following points, Separate courts called Juvenile Courts and Borstals where established for children under the age of fourteen, it was made illegal to sell alcohol or tobacco products to children under the age of 18, parents could now be prosecuted for the neglect of children and the regulation of employment of children outside school hours. After the resignation of Henry Campbell-Bannerman due to his rapid decrease in health, Asquith became the new Prime Minister, with David Lloyd George becoming Chancellor of the Exchequer and Winston Churchill assuming the role of president of the Board of Trade. Things had begun to improve at this time, though poverty was still a major factor that affected the population. ...read more.

Conclusion

It set up job centres to help the unemployed, set up boards of officials to supervise pay and to set up the minimum wage in certain sweated industries. Such acts as these aimed to help the working class and this it did to a certain extent. The Parliament Act, 1911 was the product of the constitutional crisis arising from the Lords rejection of the People's Budget. The act prevented the Lords rejecting money Bills, allowing them to delay but not reject, legislation's passed by the commons as long as it passed in three successive parliament sessions. Not long after this, the National Insurance Act was passed. Issued in two individual parts, the first introducing National Health Insurance for all and the second Unemployment Insurance. It is evident from each of the reforms that were made between 1906 and 1911 that social problems at the time largely influenced their proposals. Lloyd George and Churchill in particular proved to have good hindsight, delivering what the working class needed. They worked hard and affectively to improve conditions for the poorer people, this got them over as good leaders and this reflected in the amount of Acts that were passed in their time. ...read more.

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