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Tort law. As Abdul invited his neighbours children to his house, this established the relationship between the claimant and the defendant. As they were invited to swim in the swimming pool, and they were children, he has a greater responsibility to take c

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Tort law revision - unit 3!!! 2)B) Using the rules you set out in part a, dicuss whether Abdul has been negligent towards tom. Firstly the duty of care needs to be established. Firstly there needs to be a connection between the DF and the claimant, as established in the neighbour test from donoghue and Stevenson. As Abdul invited his neighbours children to his house, this established the relationship between the claimant and the defendant. As they were invited to swim in the swimming pool, and they were children, he has a greater responsibility to take care of them as children have less spacial awareness of things that go on around them then adults, so they are more likely to have harm caused to them than an adult. So they have been connected as neighbours in law, as Abdul has invited the children to swim in his swimming pool, as he has invited them he has created a duty of responsibility over the children as they are in his care. Also, as it is his swimming pool he has a duty to make sure that it is fit to be used by other people, and that there are no risks of sever injuries from the use of it. ...read more.


So this satisfies the p4rinciple from blyth v Birmingham waterworks. However, because he shouted to the children that it was wet, forewarning them about the risk of harm that could incur if they ran, this could work in his favour as he tried to do what a reasonable person would do in the circumstances which is to make sure that they knew before they got to the pool. Also, he could foresee some sort of harm occurring if he let the children in to the pool whilst the pavement is slippery, for even if someone walks along the pavement they could still slip if they aren't careful. The risk involved isn't a small one, which was highlighted by Bolton v stone, as people generally walk along the pavement to get in to a pool. The children wouldn't be able to avoid walking or running along the pavement to get in to the pool. He did forewarn the children that the pavement was slippery before they got to the pool, but he only told them whilst they were running in. As they were running in, this could mean they were running in to his house or running in to the garden or running in to the pool. ...read more.


can all be done with out much hassle on Abduls part as they are simple, and would only take about 30 minutes extra in time. But for the pavement being wet, tom wouldn't have hurt his leg. Also, but for the children running, and but for Abdul inviting them over when he knew the pavement was still wet, Tom wouldn't have fallen over and hurt his leg. Abdul is the legal cause of Tom injury, as his actions were the only cause of the broken leg, and if it wasn't for his actions Tom would have been fine, as there was no intervening acts to break the chain of causation. The test for remoteness of damage is the last thing to be satisfied. The way in which the injury occurred was foreseeable, so even if the extent of the injuries wasn't foreseeable, they would still be liabile. The fact that some sort of injury was foreseeable as the pavement was wet next to the pool, and the children were going to use the pool, and the fact that they were running towards the pool means that some sort of injury is foreseeable, even if the extent of it isn't. So Abdul would have been negligent towards Tom. ...read more.

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