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Types of Bills

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Types of Bills A bill is a proposed new law introduced within a legislature that has not been adopted. Once a bill has become law, it is thereafter an act. There are two main types of bill: public bills and private bills. A public bill affects and applies to then general population and could affect the whole country or a large section of it whereas a private bill could affect a single person or a select group of people. The two types of public bill are government bills, which are by far the most common, an example of this would be 'Power of Criminal Courts Act (2000). The second type of public bill is private members bill. The procedure for passing the different types of Bills is broadly similar in both Houses. At a very simple level, a Bill must pass through several stages - in both Houses - to become a law. ...read more.


Private Bills Private Bills go through broadly the same stages as Public Bills, but some different rules apply. For example, a debate on the second reading of a Private Bill will only take place if an MP or Lord objects to the Bill. The committee stage for a Private Bill is also different. Bills which have been petitioned against are considered by an Opposed Bill Committee, whereas Bills not petitioned against go to an Unopposed Bill Committee. Private Bills in the House of Lords do not have a report stage after they have left committee. A Private bill is a proposal for a law that would apply to a particular individual or group of individuals, or corporate entity. This is unlike public law which applies to everyone within its jurisdiction. Private law can afford relief from another law, grant a unique benefit or powers not available under the general law, or relieve somenoe from legal responsibility for some allegedly wrongful act. ...read more.


In practice, some technically-public acts can have the effect of private acts by the addition of such restrictions such as limiting their effect only to areas falling within a certain population bracket or otherwise-specific restriction. Public Bills are the most common bills introduced to the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Bills can be proposed in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords by government ministers and they usually concern the general public's interest. So overall, Private Bills usually deal with individual people or places, while Public Bills apply to the entire nation, they may be controversial dealing with issues such as taxes, National Health Insurance, or Gun Control. There are other methods to introduce new laws such as private members bills and the ten minute rule in which an backbencher or MP has ten minutes to present there law however this is rarely successful due to the lack of time. ...read more.

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