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Why did the South African Government introduce a policy of Apartheid in 1948?

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Introduction

Why did the South African Government introduce a policy of Apartheid in 1948? The South African Government introduced a policy of Apartheid in 1948 to "Preserve and promote a white majority over a black majority." Ever since Dutch colonists (Afrikaners) landed in the mid 1600's, Blacks and Whites have lived apart in South Africa. The Afrikaner Nationalist party (ANP) were in power during Apartheid. Some label Apartheid as "a system of racial laws". When the Dutch first landed and established a strong colony in South Africa, they got on relatively peacefully with the native black race. Then British and French landed. They were lured by the prospect of all the gold and diamonds that were rich in South Africa's mines. They were much more greedy than the Dutch, pushing the native blacks back, who were powerless against the invader's guns. Over the years, the races got even more segregated, having isolated territories. The whites felt they were far superior to the black people in every way. ...read more.

Middle

Because of this act, Black slaves and workers were forced to carry passes with them at all times when in "White territory". It included identification cards and the timetable of when they were allowed to enter and leave. Failure to carry these meant almost certain imprisonment. This led the events of the 21st of March 1960, when 20,000 people congregated in Sharpeville to demonstrate against the requirement to carry identity cards. Police opened fire on the demonstrators, killing 56 and injuring 162. All the victims were black. The Immorality Act meant that a white person wasn't allowed to have a sexual relationship with a person of a different race. The police were allowed with the power to shine torches into cars and to raid houses to take certain items (bed sheets) for examination. The Bantu Education Act meant Blacks were restricted to only unskilled jobs. They were not allowed to attend school after 14 years of age, except with the permission of a high-class white person (usually to make a good slave). ...read more.

Conclusion

They were never truly accepted into the black or white communities. In the same way, Indian people, brought over by the British from their colonies, were treated with only a tiny bit more respect, and their difficulty in the 50's went mostly unrecognised. I think that all of the Apartheid laws were fixed to tell blacks that whites were the stronger, smarter race and they deserved better standards for life, Even though Apartheid is purely based on extreme racism. Acts such as the Immorality act were made to make sure that whites were comfortably separated from blacks. From the mid 1600's the whites thought they were better than the blacks and for almost 400 years, their believes didn't change. Human rights for blacks were clearly not acknowledged at all. Also, Imprisonment without trial was common for the blacks, and the right to speak publicly and write for publication was absolutely forbidden. Due to his activism against Apartheid, Nelson Mandela was imprisoned. The blacks were made to suffer this "racial segregation" policy for a total of 46 years before Apartheid ended, but racism still continues even to this day. Bradley Reynolds 11P1 ...read more.

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