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Answers to "Metamorphosis" questions.

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Linda Lapina English A1 Answers to "Metamorphosis" questions 1. To me, this indifferent approach is another hint at the all-powerful Fate - as nothing can be done to reverse the transformation, there is no use for Gregor to panic. I perceive that this "matter-of-fact assertion" is more intended to show Gregor's, not Kafka's attitude towards the transformation, and there are several explanations to the odd calmness with which Gregor approaches the change. He might be cold-bloodedly trying to believe that this is still a dream; if so, why panic? Also, his serenity might be a special way of hiding from reality- like a bug plays dead when it is in danger to remain unharmed, Gregor might have also been "playing dead" (showing no emotion). Another explanation might be that this is Gregor's usual attitude to life- he has so long felt detached, so few things and so few decisions being his own, that he does not anymore see everything happening to him as his own life; it is actually like a movie directed by somebody else, with him merely a simultaneous watcher and role player. Therefore, Gregor does not worry when something happens "in the movie"; he has long ago lost the feeling of his life really happening to him. However, I still tend to think that this is a way for Kafka to stress the weakness of man and inability to oppose one's destiny - Gregor passively accepts his transformation, as he has accepted numerous other events before (his father's bankrupt and its consequences, for example). ...read more.


However, he cannot go backwards or very fast and has problems with getting through doors. Now, he enjoys decayed food and dislikes milk that has been his preference before. He also likes hanging from the ceiling that he simply could not do before. Now, he cannot fretsaw or gain satisfaction in supporting his family or pleasing his sister through working and earning them money like he has been doing before. Yet, most importantly, Gregor still loves his family and enjoys Grete's presence. From one hand, this is a source of satisfaction- he needs someone to feel affection for. On the other hand, this love brings Gregor much pain because he doesn't feel loved in return. 10. It could be approached as deliverance for Gregor- he does not have to see others' reaction that would perhaps hurt him. Nevertheless, I tend to think that this is meant to be deliverance for Gregor's parents- they do not have to look upon their transformed son anymore. 11. Grete is taking good care for Gregor; not quite because of love for her brother, but because it makes her feel more important and needed to the family. She brings Gregor food, initially even noting his preferences, and cleans his room daily. At the same time, Gregor is becoming more and more depressed and eats more and more seldom, which reflects on his health and strength. ...read more.


The family endures them not only because they need extra income, but mostly because of their prolonged depression and growing ignorance towards humiliation that the lodgers might cause them. They are forced to leave by Gregor's father because the family has found a new beginning, almost resurrection through Gregor's death and they do not tolerate insulting attitude any more. 17. In his sister's violin playing, Gregor sees a link between them that may be hidden to everybody else. Music is also a type of universal language that does not feel strange to Gregor anymore; at the same time, to him the emotions caused by music serve as a proof that he is still human. (Gregor has himself begun to doubt his identity, humanity.) "The unknown nourishment" might be the illusion that Gregor begins to have- of love and understanding still possible between him and his sister; ability to have relationship and escape loneliness. 18. She wants to stress that there is nothing human left in Gregor; actually, to persuade herself, not only her parents, that he is merely an insect with no feelings or emotions; that the real Gregor is already dead to the family. It is a way to shut down her conscience and quell any positive feelings that she might still have for Gregor. 19. The mood in the final passages is happy, elated. It helps to see the freedom that the family has gained, how Gregor's death has been a beginning of new life. ...read more.

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