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Compare and Contrast the Presentational Devices of at Least Two Television News Programmes

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Introduction

Compare and Contrast the Presentational Devices of at Least Two Television News Programmes Television news programmes broadcast world events to the public. The purpose of this essay is to look at the various ways in which this is done by comparing and contrasting the presentational devices of "Channel 4 News" and "Newsround". In "Newsround" the presenter begins the show standing, likewise on "Channel 4". However this is done for different reasons on "Newsround" it is done to make the show seem more casual and relaxed. Whereas on "Channel 4" it is seen as a way of capturing the audiences attention and addressing them in a formal and standard manner. The presenter on "Newsround" does not introduce himself and his name is not mentioned until an on location reporter refers to him as "Matthew". As for "Channel 4" "John Snow" the presenter immediately introduces himself and previous to the show the announcer makes known who the presenters will be. "Newsround also uses a female on location reporter referred to as "Our light reporter Lizzy" and two children reporters one boy and one girl. With regards to "Channel 4" in addition to John Snow they use one woman presenter who is later sitting behind a desk with him, and shortly after there is an Asian man sitting behind a desk, also there is a man doing voiceovers throughout the show. ...read more.

Middle

Similarly "Channel 4" use a fundamental set however they have more than one set, they all have a large screen and a desk, however one is used for interviews as it has seating on both sides of the desk and the room is full of more purples and reds. It is used as it looks slightly more relaxed and calming. Both of the programmes use a variety of graphics and for an array of reasons. They both use captions at the bottom of the screen giving a brief explanation of the story. At the beginning of the "Channel 4" news programme there is an "Image city" which is a lot of ostentatious graphics and photography of past stories. Which my opinion doesn't need to be used as a simpler introduction would have the same effect. "Newsround" doesn't have such a flashy introduction but simply uses the signature tune, and various displays of the logo. In comparison both of the shows use a map of locations where the events they are featuring are taking place and use a small amount of voiceovers in their stories. The target audience of the two programmes are very contrasting as "Newsround" targets children at any level of comprehension while "Channel 4" aims their show at adults of a higher level of education. ...read more.

Conclusion

They do this to try and give a balanced, unbiased account of the features. As for "Newsround" they spend a small amount of time on each story, the piece that got the most time was about the brit awards which was at the start of the show and lasted for about 2-3 minutes, this is because the show is more for entertainment value. During all of the stories the screen is constantly moving this is so that they do not loose the attention of the younger viewers. However "Newsround" only have half of the time allowance that "Channel 4" have so their devices must be different in order to comply with the 15 minutes there are allocated. In addition both of the shows are trying to inform and educate their audiences in some way. In Conclusion I think it is a good idea to have the two different formulas for broadcasting the news. Even for adults things can be so complex that reasons for world happenings can be lost. In a programme like "Newsround " the details are explained and outlined very simply so reaching everyone's understanding. Such as the violence in the Middle East. Where if someone wanted to catch up with world events in great depth and detail they can do this easily by watching to the news on "Channel 4". It is very pleasing that we have such high quality and a range of new programmes in Britain. Lucy Stride Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

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