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Comparing "Julius Caesar" and "Gladiator".

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'At the heart of representation are deliberate acts of selection and emphasis' Evaluate how effectively the texts you have studied demonstrate this in relation to conflicting perspectives. Composers' representations deliberate emphasis on select situations, demonstrate conflicting perspectives through various language forms and features, which ultimately questions the audience's perspective. Through the use of dramatic and literary techniques, William Shakespeare's tragedy (play) Julius Caesar (1955), presents opposing views of a situation and depict the justifications of Roman citizens. The Roman plebians, bluntly unaware of their cumulative power, are easily manipulated by the power of language, which deters their vision of the circumstance and cause for the loss of own sense of opinion. Similarly the film Gladiator (2000) by Ridley Scott exploits the range of experiences of Maximus and Commodus and their conflicting personalities, through a series of cinematic techniques. Both composers have brought forward scenarios presenting conflicting perspectives which entertain the audience through an array of textual techniques respective of their form. The assassination of Caesar in the Shakespearean tragedy Julius Caesar had caused conflict for the Roman citizens as there are two influential parties. ...read more.


"By permission" Antony's ironic repetition speaking well of Brutus as "an honourable man," not only challenges Brutus' honour but also subtly implies the conspirators underlying evil purpose. In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare portrays conflicts on many levels by using both language and dramatic techniques. Antony's skilled use of rhetoric and diction is immediately apparent within his opening lines," Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me you ears!" Unlike Brutus's salutation, Antony is shown to address the crowd in blank verse rather than prose, enriched by the use of iambic pentameter, he brings a different rhythm and pace to his speech. Conflict is also shown in the scene where Cassius plans Caesar's assassination. This portrayal of evil is highlighted by the pathetic fallacy of "thunder still" in the background as Cassius plans the conspiracy. Most of the conflicts arise from and revolve around the murder of Caesar and its subsequent result in the declaration of Rome as either being a republic or imperialist. Through the Roman citizens in Julius Caesar, Shakespeare conveys that there are many possible outlooks on a tight situation. ...read more.


In the same scene, heroic non-diagetic music is used with the camera's close up shot of Maximus' face, after finishing victoriously from the reenactment of the battle of Carthage. This highlights Maximus' powerful but humble figure. In Gladiator, Scott personifies justice and evil, as Maximus and Commodus. Arising conflict in the film is complex and is mainly represented through the two characters and their differing personalities. However Commodus attempts to blur this with through his use of hypophora exclaiming "Are we so different you and I? Your take life when you have to, as I do". However through the use of chiaroscuro, the flambouyant emperor and dirt covered Maximus, a clear picture is painted to further emphasise the difference between the two. Through Scott's use of cinematic techniques the selection of emphasis on the contrasting characters is at the heart of representation and clearly demonstrates the conflicting personality traits and virtues. Composers deliberately use language features and forms to convey their outlooks. Both Shakespeare and Scott have succeeded in doing this in their respective text and by doing so, questions the audience's opinion. The sole purpose of composers is to create a text which brings forward situations where conflicting perspectives are present. ...read more.

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