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Does Napster have a positive influence on the music business?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Extended Essay Does Napster have a positive influence on the music business? Inke Kauer ITGS 18. November 01 Candidate No. D 0828 016 Word Count: 3792 Abstract The arrival of Napster on the music scene had an immediate positive impact on the music consumer but attracted the wrath of the rest of the music industry causing it to unite an effect to harm Napster's appeal. First I will deal with the technical viewpoint. The different technologies Mp3 and P2P are discussed as well as the new system of free Mp3 file sharing, Napster. To make it a bit more visual, I will show and explain what a Napster network looks like and how it works. Afterwards I will investigate the influence of these technologies on people. It will look at new groups and bands that became famous through this new technology, and the role that the record companies now play and used to play. Then the consequences of using Napster in countries where music is controlled are explained further on. Finally I will deal with the whole illegal issue of Napster and also the consequences for Napster when the company must close down. Three systems will be shown that are quite promising to be able to step into Napster's footsteps. As a conclusion, I must say that Napster had throughout a positive influence on the music business, however, I must also admit that Napster's goal of sharing free Mp3 files is successful but people misused it by illegally burning songs onto CD's. This meaning, that Napster never stored any illegal things, but made it easier for other people to make illegal copies and now Napster must pay for that. Contents Introduction ................................................................................ 4 Napster, P2P and Mp3 .................................................................... 5 (i) First came Mp3 ............................................................... 6 (ii) P2P............................................................................. 7 (iii) Napster ....................................................................... 9 What does a Napster network look like? ............................................... 11 New Groups through new Technology ................................................ ...read more.

Middle

They put the Napster prototype on the net. In the first days, already thousands of people had downloaded the program. Fanning stunned by the impact decided to drop out of university and to devote his time into developing the system further. Napster, Inc. was incorporated in May 1999, and Fanning moved the company to Northern California. He named the company "Napster" after a high school nickname that he received because of his curled hair. His program was to be a search engine that was dedicated to finding Mp3 files only, also it was to be able to share files without having to use a centralized server for storage and it should include an Internet Relay Chat (IRC) room in which Mp3 users could find Mp3 files and chat with each other. What he did was to combine the key elements of existing programs such as the Instant Messaging System of IRC, the file-sharing functions of Microsoft Windows and the advanced searching and filtering capabilities of various search engines to produce a Napster network. What does a Napster network look like? Steps involved: 1. User logs in to Napster 2. Napster checks for an Internet connection, when found it logs onto the central server 3. User sends request for a song 4. Napster checks its database of music to see if the song is on a PC of another Napster user elsewhere on the Internet 5. Whenever the match is found, the Napster server informs one's computer where to find the requested file 6. A list of the requested song is shown in the results window 7. A double click on the file of interest will now start the download. By downloading the file of someone else's computer, it is seen that no files are ever stored on the Napster server. Napster only connects the user's PC with someone else's PC, where then the files can be shared. 8. When the download is finished, the host computer breaks the connection with the user's system 9. ...read more.

Conclusion

The program automatically resumes broken downloads by finding another source. Other features include play list creation, an embedded Microsoft media player for audio and video playback, and instant messaging. Conclusion: The arrival of the new computer program Napster has changed the world of music in only a short period of time. Many people have used the opportunity of free Mp3 file sharing to download songs for their own personal use. The new technology developed by Shawn Fanning, was produced originally to make it easier for his roommates to share files with other people from around the world. This program, not even 100% finished, was by mistake put onto the Net, and in less than a year it managed to pass the 25 million mark. Who would have thought that Napster would be so successful? However, with the success, many things got out of hand. Thousands of people all over the world started downloading copyrighted songs from the Internet to make illegal copies. Record companies sued Napster soon for illegally providing copyrighted songs. With that, other systems had the advantage of taking over Napster's place, such as Gnutella, Morpheus and Filetopia. As seen, Napster is not dead, but others have taken over, but however, the main idea of Napster will never die out because this is just what people want. People do not want to miss the chance to bring out new groups, new bands, and be connected to the whole world and at the same time download free music. It can be said, that Napster had a huge impact on the music business, but if it is positive or negative cannot yet be said, the whole issue is still too new. Maybe in a year or two we can look back and see what happened and then decide, but for now I would conclude that Napster is positive for the mass, for the record companies it is a threat and in all it has a huge impact on the issue of copying copyrighted songs. ...read more.

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