• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Film Studies - the aim of my presentation today is to establish how women are represented in slasher films by studying A Nightmare on Elm Street, Halloween and Psycho.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Katie Rattigan Small Scale Research Project Representations of women in the ?slasher? movie Presenter: Welcome, the aim of my presentation today is to establish how women are represented in ?slasher? films by studying A Nightmare on Elm Street, Halloween and Psycho. Firstly, we must recognize the definition of a ?slasher? movie. A slasher film is a subgenre of horror film, and at times thriller, typically involving a mysterious psychopathic killer stalking and killing a sequence of victims usually in a graphically violent manner, often with a cutting tool such as a knife or axe. ? Item 1 Presenter: Typically in ?slasher? films, women are often the victims, and are stereotyped as subordinate and often fearful. This stereotyping of women in ?slasher? films has ensured that audiences now expect women to be helpless and vulnerable, and of course the victims. This has been criticised by feminists and although most women are portrayed as the victims, in terms of Propp?s character types, women can sometimes be displayed as the hero. ?Girls and female adolescents [in horror films] who are witnessed displaying fearfulness and protective need in the face of terror on the screen are more favorably evaluated by male and female peers and non-peers than their counterparts who are witnessed displaying no distress? ? page 87 Item 2 Play ?A Nightmare on Elm Street? clip Item 3 ? Sheila?s death Presenter: This idea of a helpless female victim is a typical convention of the ?slasher? film. ...read more.

Middle

She's the most sexually frustrated. She's the one that's killed him. Not because she's a virgin but because all that sexually repressed energy starts coming out. She uses all those phallic symbols on the guy. ? item 12 Presenter: Women are constantly being objectified in the ?slasher? film. Laura Mulvey believes that film audiences have to view characters from the perspective of a heterosexual male and that the body itself becomes an object of desire for a man. She also argued that the passive and submissive nature of females in horror movies were a form of pleasure for the male audience through scopophilia or voyeurism. The villain of the ?slasher? film is typically always a male who is suffering a masculinity crisis, and in order to restore his masculinity, he goes on a killing spree. Play ?Shower scene? Psycho ? item 6 : Mulvey argues that in classic hollywood films in particular women are merely represented to provide visual pleasure to men , and the audience is constructed in a manner where they are all expected to be men. This male gaze is both voyeuristic and fetishistic. ? item 7 Presenter: The final girl in Nightmare on Elm Street is the lone survivor of her killer Freddy Kreuger. Carol Clover notes that the final girl typically displays virginal characteristics, which applies to Nancy. ...read more.

Conclusion

?Psycho? is understood to be ?the granddaddy of the slasher movie? ? and the sexualisation of women in Hitchcock?s films has ever since become a convention of the ?slasher? movie. We find that from the very beginning Hitchcock wants us to see that women are objects of sexual desire that are to be sought after. Marion is shirtless twice within the first eleven minutes of the film. ? item 10 Presenter: Typically, women are often shown to be screaming in the ?slasher? genre. The scream is usually shrill and high-pitched and the woman?s scream is now a form of iconography for the ?slasher? movie. This highlights the subordinate position of women, and close-up shots are often used to show fear on the female?s face. The term ?scream queen? refers to the typical ?damsels in distress? in horror films ? known for their iconic scream. Presenter: In conclusion, we must ask ourselves whether the position of women has changed in the ?slasher? genre. Women have been subject to many representations within the horror, from damsels in distress, to a masculine hero. As I have established, female empowerment is demonstrated in ?Halloween? through the character of Laurie, and in ?A Nightmare on Elm Street? through the character of Nancy ? whereas there is no definite final girl in ?Psycho?. Feminist theories are said to have changed the position of women in modern horror movies, however women are still presented as ?sluts? and are punished for their sexual activity and illegal drug use. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Films section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Films essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of the representation of African-American Women in The Color Purple (1985) and For ...

    5 star(s)

    Despite the film's title, the target audience for the film is a mature audience of all races. Perry's approach to representation is interestingly very similar to Spielberg's in 'The Color Purple'; they both stick to the conventional stereotypes of black women in order to entertain (Bulmer and Katz Uses and Gratifications Theory)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Film Studies, Presentation Script

    with the world of the living' SPEAKER: This clearly identifies that the film is going to have the inclusion of ghosts. Again the film is fast paced and we are introduced to the main characters almost immediately. As we can see from the trailer we are exposed to some of the frightening parts of the film.

  1. How women are represented in horror films (comparing Scream (1996) to Alien (1979)

    already being used in the public parlance much earlier; for instance, Katherine Hepburn speaks of the "feminist movement" in the 1942 film Woman of the Year" www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/feminism There's also Laura Mulvey's theory of the male gaze, which argues that cinema audiences look at films in two ways, voyeuristically and fetishistically.

  2. Representation of Women In Disney Films wit Particular Reference to Snow White, Beauty and ...

    Although as a result of the age range, Disney couldn't keep the original ending in, feminists felt that it wasn't showing the right message that the first story conveyed.

  1. How does Alfred Hitchcock make the viewing of Psycho a frightening and worrying experience?"

    This shot is added to further to create an extreme close up of Marion's face - more specifically her mouth screaming when she is stabbed, and then her eye when she dies. This is a tense moment as we know she has been killed and the camera focuses on the

  2. Media studies: how are women represented in horror films

    The roots of the feminist theory go back to the eighteenth century and run through suffragette movement, who fought for the votes for women's rights. "The term Feminism can be used to describe a political, cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing more rights and legal protection for women.

  1. Describe Hitchcock's techniques and themes in his classic film, "Psycho"

    Here (not consciously but in a deeper place) we identify with Norman - not because we could stab someone, but because, if we did, we would be consumed by guilt and trepidation, as he is. The motive for Norman killing these women is sexual desire. As explained in the scene where the psychiatrist provides an explanation for the

  2. Psycho. The shower scene is the key scene because this is the scene ...

    This means that they can anticipate what is going to happen. It can also occur when something has more significance the second time it is seen or heard because it seems to hint on what may happen in the film at a later stage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work