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History Coursework-The 1960's

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Introduction

History Coursework-The 1960's As historians, we can extract lots of information from sources, primary sources are particularly useful as they give accurate and sometimes 'eye-witness' accounts of events. The 1960's was a time of change in Britain. The increase of disposable income meant young people had more to spend, and their choices of what to spend their money on defined the popular culture we now know today as 'The Swinging Sixties'. Q. What can you learn from source A about the impact of the Beatles in the 1960's? A. Source A is a description of London, the capital of popular culture in the 1960's. This source is very informative, however does not give a completely accurate account of popular culture in Britain as a whole, only London. Source A describes the colossal impact the Beatles had on British music. 'Emptiness descended on London' describes how almost every person was watching 'Juke Box Jury'. Joanna Lumley wrote this description some 30 years later, in 1990, so her memory may have faded, so this again decreases the potential accuracy of the source. The description of the Beatles - 'cool, hip, smart, lippy, charming and funny' denotes the respect and admiration young people had for the Beatles, if they had respectable personalities, their parents were more likely to approve. The last statement is perhaps the simplest, but it states clearly the opinion of most of the people at the time- 'It was very heaven to be alive.' ...read more.

Middle

act made it "extremely difficult" for writers to get their work screened, even though it did not oppose social or religious views at the time. Mary Whitehouse, who was founder of the 'Women Clean up TV Campaign', voiced her concerns over the BBC's "built in censorship". The source and the views suggested in it are accurate as it was written in 1964. However it does not give the views of the entire nation, just Mary Whitehouse and her fellow campaigners. Source G is again unreliable as it was published in the 1990's, some 30 years after Janis Joplin's rise to fame. It comments on the rebellion which occurred with most teenagers, causing them to want to be different from their parents and 'attack the establishment': ' She was a rebellious teenager' the source states that Janis Joplin became 'a national star' after a pop festival in 1967. Several factors contributed to her enormous fame as a singer in the 1960's, firstly, with the rising support for feminism and power to women, female singers, actresses and even political figures was on the increase and secondly, her rebellious attitude and her excessive lifestyle (often known as the 'rock and roll' lifestyle) attracted many youngsters to her popular image. The 1960's are remembered to have sparked of teenage rebellion, against parent, the government, and perhaps most shockingly of all at the time, religion. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thousand of youngsters sporting cheesecloths and bandannas would meet at 'Love Ins' and smoke large amounts of cannabis. Television, Radio and other sources of media such as magazines became popular with young people, as they could fulfil their rebellious needs by tuning into pirate radio stations such as 'Radio Luxembourg' as mentioned in Source E. The magazine titled 'The Rolling Stone' is still in print today. Women and families gained much more freedom with the introduction of the contraceptive pill and the legalisation of abortion. The amount of women receiving 'back street' abortions dramatically decreased, and this saved many lives, however some people believe that the Pill and legalised abortion encouraged and permitted women to be more promiscuous and less careful. Sexually transmitted infections also rapidly increased, possibly as a result of this. Women became more empowered, with increased independence and equality; many women began to pursue careers otherwise reserved for men. An example of this is Mary Whitehouse, she was very highly respected as founder of the Women Clean Up TV Campaign, and such positions of authority were usually not filled by women. Source F demonstrates this. In source I, a rapid increase in the numbers of students in full time education is shown, rising from 200,000 to 390,000 in just 8 years. This opposes the initial statement, as the 1960's encouraged many young people to continue with education and this undoubtedly benefited society. Kristina Marnoch ...read more.

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