• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How helpful the concept of counter-culture is in understanding the changes that took place in the Sixties, with reference to History, History of Science and Music.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How helpful the concept of counter-culture is in understanding the changes that took place in the Sixties, with reference to History, History of Science and Music. The view that many people take of there being a widespread counter culture in the sixties, that opposed many views within society can be justified by looking at the many events and the changes in opinion that occurred in that decade, which went against many prevailing attitudes. The fact that many things happened before and after the sixties could suggest that the movements, historically within society and within science and music, was a culmination of a gradual shift in attitudes within society rather than a culture that was wholly opposed to it. The change in attitudes occurred mainly in western society. Many attitudes that were prevalent before and during the sixties, were directly opposed by many movements that were widely supported and heralded a definite change in attitude towards many issues. The civil rights movement was concerned with ensuring society at large recognised the rights of people, of different races' to be on an equal basis with all members of society. ...read more.

Middle

Rossi's article from nineteen sixty-five. In it she shows that the attitudes that people were educated into at school and university were concerned with specific gender roles, and that young girls were to be seen as potential wives and mothers. The fact that women who worked were forced to choose between work and family life, Rossi saw the change in social attitudes as vitally important to encourage men to take up some proportion of family life 'We must educate boys and girls for all major adult roles'. The influence women had began to become apparent in the sixties. The change in the treatment of research in primatology was driven by female scientists who centred their research on female primates, The previous mindset formed in male dominated research was that female primates role were that of sexual availability to males and being mothers, this mindset was changed because of research done by women scientists. This change is shown in Londa Shiebinger's Has feminism changed science? where the author states that 'Feminists first overturned the conventional stereotype of the passive, dependant female.' The mindset of the scientific community concerning the impermeable placenta allowed, to an extent, the tragedy of new-born babies being deformed by Thalidomide across many countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

The manifestation of these counter movements were reflected in many forms by popular music which countered many views within society. The growth of new and subversive forms of classical music opposed many traditional ideas about music that society had. These changes in attitude could be said to constitute small parts of a wider mass counter-culture that was in direct opposition to mainstream society. Many changes in views were looking back to attitudes that were traditional but were being, or had been, lost. Such as the fears over the direction research in science were taking and the early music revival. Other widespread changes such as social welfare and material conditions improving, could be seen as slow gradual changes that evolved over time reaching a culmination within the sixties. Also the changes that occurred were largely within mainstream society itself with different movements being adopted by different people and not representing a wider shift in the attitudes of society. So society may not have had a sudden shift in attitudes to counter the prevalent viewpoints which caused the massive changes, but the sixties may have been climactic period of increasing awareness that had been ongoing and continued long after the decade ended. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theodore Adorno's notions of 'standardisation' and 'pseudo-individualism' might be applied to contemporary pop music ...

    5 star(s)

    debate on Madonna has taken place focusing on her image rather than her music. She has been perceived as 'the lowest form of irresponsible culture a social disease' and 'an inauthentic product of the culture industry who was involved of the exploitation of others of the gain of that industry'.

  2. The subject of this dissertation is how feminist beliefs have been expressed in alternative ...

    The power-bloc can be described as a set of unified, stable grouping of social forces - economic, legal, moral, aesthetic. The people, on the other hand, consist of a diverse set of social allegiances constantly formed and changing among the subordinate.

  1. Investigate the ways in which hip hop music appeals to male and female audiences, ...

    the ages of 15 - 25 strongly agree with the statement that "Rap music videos portray Black women in bad and offensive ways."6 The huge success of 50 cent however, seems to contradict this, which would seem to imply that audiences are in fact able to separate this misogyny from the rapper himself.

  2. Rates of Reaction

    The market audience for this radio station is mostly teenagers and 20 year olds. However, on Sunday old people listen to it as well. They appeal to their market audience because they play the most popular songs that people in this age group listen, which is R n B, they

  1. 1960`s beetles history coursework

    Sources A and B are both written by fans who reinforce the dramatic effect pop music was having on people in the sixties. It is obvious that the fans had a suffocating commitment that turned them into screaming mobs. This obviously had a terrifying impact on some performing groups and artists.

  2. 1960's course work the Beatles

    This was not how Paul Macartney described his audiences, yes they were usually hysterical but never harmful. He describes them as screaming a lot but not appearing to be scary or in any way threatening. I believe that the Beatles and the many other bands of the sixties made the

  1. A critical analysis of the role of popular culture in creating and maintaining learning ...

    At that point, the powerful people would stop the revolution by giving the rebels a little of what they demanded to curb them. For example, there was a move to encourage people to read more political literature. Communists used this to provoke revolution through leaflets and articles.

  2. What I am going to find out-1. ~ Does age ...

    //// '80s � /// '90s � /// Classical � //// Jazz � / Blues � //// Soul � / Rock 'n' Roll � / Punk � Pop � / R&B � / Hip hop � // Reggae � / Musicals � Heavy metal � / Rap � // Emo �

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work