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How Is the Point of View of the Two Newspapers Embodied In the Language and the Text of Each Paper.

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Introduction

HOW IS THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE TWO NEWSPAPERS EMBODIED IN THE LANGUAGE AND THE TEXT OF EACH PAPER In this essay on the Brixton riots I hope to show how different newspapers can express the same basic facts in different ways to make the reader feel a certain way about the event - in this case, the Brixton riots. I will be looking at the front pages of two newspapers (which I call papers 1 and 2 in the essay), each of which describe the same event and include similar facts. The Brixton riots occurred in 1981 in Brixton, London, and were between the residents of Brixton (predominantly black) and the police forces. They came about in the first place because of historical background reasons and social reasons. Blacks had a history of low-ranked jobs with low pay. Since the British Empire broke up and the citizens of the Commonwealth countries, mostly black, moved to Britain, a lot of them were prepared to take low-ranked jobs so they could stay in the country. This meant that people in Britain associated them with being low-class. There were very few black people with high-ranked jobs. With people associating black people like this, it led to racism and general abuse. With all this abuse the blacks started to build up a stereotyped view of white people and because few black people had good jobs a stereotyped view of the police was built up as well. ...read more.

Middle

Also the headline, 'The picture that sums up the horror of Bloody Brixton', makes you look expectantly at the picture as well as using alliteration to draw your attention to it. The use of a capital letter for 'Bloody' gives the riots a historical connotation, as though it is already a well known event. Newspaper 2 has a much simpler front page, with a simple black headline, a subheading and a picture. Unlike on newspaper 1 the headline does not draw your attention to the picture, because it is not specifically related to it. Although there are some banner headlines across the top in bullet point form, displaying points such as 'No hope of jobs', they are much smaller. I think that this paper is less sensational and a bit more 'refined' than the other, typical tabloid newspaper. The headlines used in newspapers and the wording in them is another way to catch the readers attention .The headlines in a newspaper are very important as they often tell the reader what point of view the paper is taking, the nature of the event - if referring to one - who is involved, where it happened, and other bits of information as well. It is very important for a tabloid newspaper to use exciting and exaggerating vocabulary in them as this really helps to catch the readers' attention and make them think that something very dramatic has happened. In newspaper 1, this has been done by using words such as 'battlefront'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sentences like 'A massive force of police herded groups of hundreds of black and white people' demonstrate this. These sentences are mostly active .When paper 1 uses sentences like 'The youths were driven back by a line of just six policemen using riot shields', it puts it in the passive voice as it is trying to make the policemen sound heroic, whereas paper 2 puts it in the active so it makes it seem like the police were a menacing force pushing back the youths. In paper 2, in the sentences that involve objects caught up in the riots, like houses and cars, the paper says things like 'Homes were looted'. 'Homes' is the subject here as the paper is trying not to say who is doing the looting because it is the rioters and this is the paper that supports them. This helps to make the report more exciting. The passive voice is used here but the agent of the sentence is still unclear. In this essay I conclude that through headlines, layout, language and images, a newspaper can put a story in a totally different light to that of other newspapers and reality. I suspect that paper 1 is a paper similar to the Sun being very 'tabloidy' and sensational whereas paper 2 is more like the Express or the Mail (more in the middle range) . Broadsheet newspapers are much less sensational and biased as they are aimed at a much more educated readership who may be able to detect whether the paper is biased or not. 1 ...read more.

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