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In this project, I aim to explore the different styles of popular music that have been successful from the 1960s to the present in Spain, why they have been popular, where they originated from, their history and what the music is actually like.

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Introduction

In this project, I aim to explore the different styles of popular music that have been successful from the 1960s to the present in Spain, why they have been popular, where they originated from, their history and what the music is actually like. To find out a type of music's origins, it is sometimes helpful to know where the country is to find out where influences could have come from, and even a certain amount about the country's history. So here is a map of Spain in context with part of its neighbouring countries. Many people have listened to the music included in this project, as it spans more than two generations. It has always been targeted at teenagers and young people, but, as is the case in many countries, it is being targeted at younger and younger people, so that now much of the music produced is targeted at 'tweenagers' or older children. The younger the target audience, the younger the band members or singers become, so much of the music produced now is sung or played by younger people than in the 1960s, where this project begins. Most older music (from 1960 to about 1985) was always played by professional musicians and singers, whilst much modern music has been sung by people who were singled out as having the potential to break through the charts not purely based on their singing or playing ability but also by the fact that they conform to a certain image which is popular with the target audience. Also, traditionally (but especially recently) Spanish rock has been played by older people than those playing or singing pop. Popular modern Spanish music plays, and has played, a large part in influencing culture. It has been used for recreational purposes, and has always played a large part in young people's lives, to the extent that even after they have grown up they have continued listening to the music that they listened to in their youth. ...read more.

Middle

as coming from a certain decade or period. Early Spanish pop/rock is easy to identify as coming from the early 1960s because it still sounds quite a lot like flamenco or a 'zarzuela' (a song that is a mixture between classical music and flamenco, these were very popular from 1870-1960 in Spain) except with a clearer beat, often marked by a percussion instrument. Pop and rock coming from later on in the 1960s still retains a lot of traditional features but has very marked rhythms, some becoming offbeat. There is also the introduction of some electronic instruments. Music from the early 1970s sounds a lot more like the pop and rock known in England, but the subjects tend to be different- something that becomes even more clear in the late 1970s and 1980s. Whilst English rock around this era was often quite anarchic, Spanish rock was a lot more light-hearted, with subjects that many English rock groups would have scorned- 'Alaska y los Pegamoides' writes about the horror of finding your boyfriend mangled in a supermarket, and some groups chose to write about the joys of being a bottle of washing powder so that you could be advertised on television! This was probably because rock had not taken such a heavy hold on the population as it had in England, so many bands were in the music business not for the money (as there was not much to be made!) but because they enjoyed it, so they were not under pressure to produced something that appealed to the public, and so were much more experimental. Even so, in many cases, the public did seem to enjoy what was being produced, so many of these tracks became bestsellers and got to number one in the charts. Los Brincos, one of the first Spanish pop groups (see chapter 3). In this chapter I am going to talk about three bands that have greatly influenced the progress of Spanish music. ...read more.

Conclusion

I also find the light-heartedness of 1980s Spanish rock quite endearing! I like the way that it varied so much from decade to decade- the tape enclosed has tracks from both the 1970s and the 1980s, and it is clear when listening to it just how different the music can be from one track to another. It is also very individual, something which I think is important in music, and for this reason I have decided not to write about more modern forms of pop, because globalisation has meant that most modern pop sounds the same- to the extent that many pop songs in Spain are now written in English even when they are to be sung by Spanish singers, not to mention the fact that many of the songs in the Spanish top 40 are not Spanish, but American or English. I also like the fact that Spanish pop and rock is so distinguishable, and not just because of the language, but the fact that it has managed to retain some of the features of traditional music even up to the present (although not in all cases!) but certainly until well into the 1970s. But one of the things that I admire the most is the fact that it managed to develop at all in the 1960s and 1970s, when General Franco placed many restrictions on what people could and could not do- and tried to make everybody in Spain stereotypical. The fact that groups like 'Los Brincos' and 'Los Pekeniques' managed to transform music in the 1960s and early 1970s seems to me a major achievement. I used the following sources: Websites: * http://www.rockmusic.org/ * http//www.SunsetStrip.60s.musica/Los Brincos.es Computer Encyclopaedias: * Britannica Encyclopaedia CD Rom * Encarta 98 Books: * Encyclopaedia Larousse * Musica de los 80s Cassettes * La Edad del Oro del Pop Espa�ol I * La Edad del Oro del Pop Espa�ol II * La Edad del Oro del Pop Espa�ol III ...read more.

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