• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


MA MANAGEMENT AND INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MARKETING ASSIGNMENT In the modern business world, the role of advertisements is extremely important. Advertisement is a means of informing the consumers and potential consumers about the various goods and services available to them. It is an essential instrument of communication between the consumers and the sellers. "Advertising both informs and transforms the product by creating an image that goes beyond straightforward facts." (Wells et al, 2003, pg14). Advertising promotes competition. It is also used as a technique to enter the markets by small businesses. It also generates competitive pressures that tend to drive the prices in the market. "Advertising has important social roles to play as well. It informs us about new and improved products which helps us to compare products features and make informed consumer decisions."(Wells et al, 2003, pg14). Advertisements have the ability to attract more customers to a particular item, lower the price of certain commodities because of increased demand etc. There has occurred an evident change in the kind of advertisements and the importance of advertisements. " The most dramatic change affecting advertising has undoubtedly been the growth in importance in promotions, both consumer and trade. Advertisements leave a long lasting impact in the minds of the consumers. Advertisements are highly creative and enjoyable." (Jones, 1998, pg16). ...read more.


Advertising sometimes is used to promote products and inculcate attitudes and forms of behaviour contrary to moral norms. That is the case, for instance, with the advertising of contraceptives, products harmful to health, and with government-sponsored advertising campaigns for artificial birth control, so-called "safe sex", and similar practices. Such kinds of advertisements do greater harm to the moral values of people especially in the developing countries. SEXUALITY AND ETHICS IN ADVERTISING "Historically, the trend in advertising has been to eroticise women more often than men. However, in recent years we have begun to see young men portrayed in a similar manner, though you are still more likely to see women sexualised in advertisements." (http://www.media-awareness.ca). The presence of sexual appeals in advertising is very pervasive in much of the world. The use of such appeals is constantly in terms of ethics and morality. "The issue of sexuality in advertising is what Boddewyn has called a 'soft- issue' based in complex subjective and socially/ culturally constructed roots and values. It is too complicated to be addressed merely by controlling or regulating the frequency of sexual appeals used." (Gould, 1994). "Sometimes when sexuality is used in advertising, certain values and attitudes towards sex are being 'sold' to consumers along with the products."(http://www.media-awareness.ca). ...read more.


"Advertising industry must adopt a harm- minimisation policy by which bad and harmful consequences from various advertising practices and strategies shall be, if not eliminated, at least minimised. Only this will help to develop ethical advertising. For this purpose, proper ethical policies that include adequate ethical training for practitioners, codes of ethics and adequate self- regulative ethical controls by way of rewards and penalties should be adopted by the advertising industries as a whole. Ethical advertising helps to create a cultural environment, which is not only responsive to ethical advertising but also has individual who are pro- active in enhancing the ethical possibilities of advertising that meet the challenges of its hybrid and paradoxical nature." (Spence and Heekeren, 2004, pg119). "Advertising is morally neutral in itself and as long as advertiser's respect people's freedom to make choices without pressure about goods and services advertisers are perfectly justified in telling people, even persuasively, what they have to sell." (Williams, 1992). Advertisers must be vigilant about what they are advertising, how they advertise etc. in today's society, advertising has a profound impact on how people understand life, the world and to a great extend themselves, especially in regard to their values and their ways of behaving. "Advertising can be conceived and conducted not merely in an ethically neutral manner, a category in which a lot of advertisements fall, but in appositively ethical manner." (Spence and Heekeren, 2004, pg122). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Advertisements section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Advertisements essays

  1. Produce a marketing strategy for a product or service with a clear understanding of ...

    In this way customers are persuaded to buy something, as it is quite common for consumers to try out what is new. I would also have leaflets to inform customers at home as direct mail can be effective as the consumer can read about it and sometimes this encourages them to go out and buy it.

  2. The History of AdvertisingTypes and Functions of AdvertisingAdvertising in mass media.Advertising agencyDomestic advertising

    Agitating advertising is created for propaganda of the goods, therefore it carries out mainly the second function, but also gives the information. Therefore they also differ in each kind these functions are combined in different proportions. Such classification can be used by consideration of interaction of advertising and life cycle

  1. Marketing Media and Audience Feedback

    It is obvious that in the design of The Sun, it aims to be influential, tough, newsy, sophisticated and elegant, but not too boring. The Sun has design and content which shows front page variety. The newspaper made the decision to start the main headline story out front and this allows for 'magazine style' photo play and maximum flexibility.

  2. Influences and effects of advertising on children's health and psychology: Body Image and Diet.

    suppose the kids who would have been 13/14 with this pressure, are experiencing it at a much younger age. Magazines and society are pressurising them to be grown up, so they re not little kids anymore. When all of this goes into somebody much younger than 13/14, they are a

  1. Viral Marketing

    resonate with something fundamental in the audience's psyche. Success of a viral marketing program depends on the marketers' ability to identify individuals with high Social Networking Potential (SNP) and formulate marketing messages that appeal to this segment of the population and have a high probability of being passed along.

  2. An investigation Into The Different Marketing Language of Holiday Brochures For Different Age Groups.

    The results are as shown. Here are some examples of the words, which I used to compose my pie chart: Summer Sun: complex, peaceful, bustling, beautiful, great, comfortable, easy, picturesque, luggage, facilities, accommodation. Forever young: Stunning, excellent, lively, welcoming, accommodation, hire-car, lush, tropical. Club 18-30: golden, well-equipped, volcanic, attractive, delights.

  1. Controversial advertising campaigns vs. corporate objectives of Benetton

    Relevant for this paper is the indirect international and external communication concerning the sales market. This can be for example advertisements in magazines or advertisements on billboards. Indirect communication does not cause an immediate reaction by the targeted person.3 The aim of an international communication politic equals the national communication.

  2. Media Marketing Plan

    This differs from stratified sampling, where the stratums are filled by random sampling * Snowball sampling is a special non-probability method used when the desired sample characteristic is rare. It may be extremely difficult or cost prohibitive to locate respondents in these situations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work