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AS and A Level: Music

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 4
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theodore Adorno's notions of 'standardisation' and 'pseudo-individualism' might be applied to contemporary pop music - Do you see any problems or shortcomings from this approach?

    5 star(s)

    chorus, are all standardised. (Longhurst, B. 1995, p5). Popular music is therefore divided into particular categories or genres of music such as rock, pop, rap, heavy metal and reggae etc, however according to Adorno, all popular music is standardised consisting of verse, chorus, bridge, that are interchangeable from one song to another. The effects of standardisation are often hidden by what the industry calls pseudo-individualisation. These are incidental differences, also known as 'frills' that are put within a song to disguise that it sounds the same.

    • Word count: 2565
  2. How successful have your chosen texts been for their industry. (On Beyonce)

    their second album reached the U.K top charts, bills, bills bills in a an upbeat song which talks about the troubles of having a male gold digger racking up the, telephone bills, automobills, etc. The song is still in modern culture today as popular TV show Glee performed a cover on the show in 2011. The song takes a swing at the male population for hounding money off your other halves, you could say that bills, bills, bills is mildly post- feminist as it states the independence of the women and separates traditional shared income of a marriage type relationship between a male & female.

    • Word count: 2515
  3. Intertextuality is a technique, when one text refers to another text or uses its ideas an Ideology. Intertextuality occurs regularly in popular media such as television shows, music videos, or even paintings.

    Many people thought that this stunning painting was a reflection of Monet's home life. However, many critics criticized Monet's painting saying that his painting was an un-real image of real life. In reality, life was much more miserable and this painting was just a dream. Banksy another famous painter criticized Monet's painting, he argued that the life that Monet saw was not reality, he therefore painted a picture of the same scene but much different in many ways. Intertextuality. The picture that Banksy created was dark, gloomy, and a very depressing image of life but it was his opinion on life and not everyone agreed.

    • Word count: 2046
  4. Free essay

    The Media famously stereotypes rock culture by creating unfounded links with suicides, massacres and drug abuse

    In my personal opinion the thoughts and actions of the public can not be influenced through different forms of music unless they are combined with other circumstances, such as domestic problems, bullying, depression etc. It has been known the rock culture does have an effect on the public of today. "It's Only Rock'n Roll ... But it kills" is a website set up by "Terry Watkins." He believes rock music can twist our minds to become deviant without even realising it, through rock stars who are "preaching for the devil"; he has quotes from songs even from Elton John.

    • Word count: 2322
  5. critical evaluation

    However, we felt that with some extra effort and willingness to pass with a good grade, we would be successful in making an R'n'B video. Our initial choice was 'still down' by Ashanti ft T.I' because it had a very intense storyline and a catchy rhythm. Both of these artists are very well known and they had not yet released a video for this song. We felt this was an advantage to us, because there would be fewer comparisons to the original video.

    • Word count: 2849
  6. OCR National ICT - Unit 1 - Task 2 - Internet Searches

    It excites me to see that at last the new wave of rock bands are coming into the industry, at last perhaps a little competition for the endless tedium brought from the bland uninspired songs brought to us by such characters as Peter Andre and busted...Anyway back to the album...it grew on me steadily each time I listened to it, catchy beats and tunes, with sometimes surreal lyrics...For me this is the best album this year and I enjoyed and am enjoying it immensely!

    • Word count: 2298
  7. Rates of Reaction

    Kiss radio station is known to be one of the biggest and the most popular, because Johnny normally does the top 40 UK Charts on Sunday at 4-7 pm. He is not too funny, but he is quick on presenting the songs and he has to do this because it's the Top 40! Example Schedule of DJs and shows: Monday: 00.00 - 01.00: David Rodigan is putting on the Reggae Show. 01.00 - 03.00: Patrick Forge 03.00 - 06.00: Neev 06.00 - 09.00: Robin Banks 09.00 - 11.00: Justin Wilkes 11.00 - 12.00: Justin Wilkes starting on the Kisstory Show.

    • Word count: 2626
  8. Music Song Analysis

    The song is about comparing a couple to cats and there every day fights, being in love etc. Some have deeper thoughts of the song being about suicide which reflect the lines such as 'into the sea you and me' but the melody doesn't connect with this opinion and supports the song being about a happier topic. The vocals stick to a similar pitch throughout the song with some words at a higher pitch than the others, stressing them more, such as "we fight and scratch and scream all night" and "into the sea you and me."

    • Word count: 2635
  9. Critical Evaluation

    This song has never had a video created for it and therefore our audience would not have any prior expectations of what the video should look like and include. The only major issue we had with creating a pop video for this song is that we could not conform to all conventions of a music video; in this case we could not include the band Feeder, as we do not have access to them. We looked at various indie videos before we began to storyboard.

    • Word count: 2423
  10. How helpful the concept of counter-culture is in understanding the changes that took place in the Sixties, with reference to History, History of Science and Music.

    The prevailing attitude towards black people in particular was one of inferiority to a mostly white society. This is particularly true of the American south where black people were segregated from white people and suffered violent abuse when they protested on their unequal status. This violent reaction of authorities to the civil rights movement faced in southern America, shows that in society the movement was in direct opposition to the prevailing attitude. The feelings of injustice are clearly shown by a published letter written by Martin Luther King, when he was imprisoned in nineteen sixty-three after leading a non-violent protest in Birmingham Alabama.

    • Word count: 2201
  11. CD cover design - pre-production

    I feel that the ideas we came up with were constructive and useful to base future band decisions on. There were some small disagreements and disputes within the group when agreeing on the genre. From then on my idea was put into action. Stage two We further developed our ideas as a band. We looked at lyrics of which Annie had written/adapted to fit in with the lyrical conventions of our genre and decided upon the ones we thought were the most suitable. We planned to take pictures of ourselves for the cover to make it more personal and appealing and expanded our plans by thinking up possible locations, positions and clothing to use when taking the pictures.

    • Word count: 2620
  12. The product I am making is publicity package, this package is for a new band that has just been formed.This includes :- A CD cover An interview on a national radio station

    * I have also looked on artists websites guest books. * Another thing I have done is look at the artists publicity From this research I have found that young people enjoy this type of music, music that has meaning and music you could dance to. This is what the new band can offer, they can offer a range of music with RnB, Pop and rock type styles. Also the TOTP website displays the UK top 40 singles, the top majority include RnB, Pop and Rock. Not only is this a popular type of music but it also sells well.

    • Word count: 2100
  13. At every stage in history, there are a number of forces that contribute to creating the climate for change, and the 1960's were no exception. For the Beatles and the Rolling Stones in the 1960's one of these factors was the baby-boomer generation

    A further big factor was the advances in new technology at the time, for example television and radio. This meant that everyone could listen to the new music that was appearing and they were able to be the first to find out who was number one - which was essential at the time. There was also the transistor radio, which allowed people to listen to music wherever they were. A cause for the two bands being successful was also about being in the right place at the right time, pure luck.

    • Word count: 2814
  14. Describe popular culture in Britain at the beginning of the 1960's

    These songs were mostly sentimental lyrics that parents could not disapprove of. Examples of films during the sixties were like Benhur and Cleopatra, which are epics and based on history and classical stories most of the cinema was dominated by American films. A successful British film during the early 1960s is the bridge over River Kwai. TV in the sixties had changed from being largely educational and controlled by John Reith to being a bit more entertaining but it was still controlled by the older generation, programs such as Coronation Street and Z Cars made their first appearances.

    • Word count: 2130
  15. Chicken Run media essay

    I personally believe that the opening sequence is the most effective scene of the film; it quickly puts us into the main plot of the film in a humorous way. Also on a 'first glimpse' of some of the characters we are immediately given the impression of the presence of good (Ginger) and evil (Mrs. Tweedy). Before we even see any picture on the screen heroic introductory music gives us a sense of heroism. This gives a valiant quality to the film and makes the audience feel good, too!

    • Word count: 2690
  16. 308 CMC Popular Music

    It is for many the archetypal musical subculture as Jeff Pike writes with reference to The Sex Pistols in 'the death of rock and roll' "the fury was undeniable, and so was the vision" (1993:268). The punk movement was spawned in and around 1976. It was a reaction initially against the what many saw as the grandiose ageing hippies who then dominated the charts under the banner of 'progressive rock' Which highlights a point made by Ted Polhemus that one of the key aspects of musical subcultures was to subvert the one which had appeared directly before it (1994).

    • Word count: 2414
  17. 'It can be reasonably argued that the vast majority of musical production at any one time involves musicians working in relatively stable 'genre worlds' within which ongoing creative practice is not so much about sudden bursts but he continual producti...

    Prison and crime has always been a massive part of hip hop culture so much so there is now a special hip hop division in the U.S specifically trained to deal with the gun violence. Rappers are fighting other rappers. The 50 cent versus Ja Rule feud is a good example, the story is different depending on who's side you listen to, Ja Rule says there wasn't enough respect shown to him on a video shoot, the two of them are from the same town, 50 cent says it was because Ja Rule's chain was stolen in a club an he spoke to the guy that stole it.

    • Word count: 2026
  18. Account for some of the ways in which Bollywood popular culture has been used and translated in the South Asian diaspora

    (R Gowricharn, Professor of multicultural cohesion and transnational studies at the University of Tilburg, The Netherlands) In this sense, communities of Indian origin consider themselves as one large civilisation of which the Bollywood popular culture is an intrinsic part. Therefore the popularity of the Bollywood movies is not restricted solely to resident Indians but is massively far reaching, encompassing the entire South Asian diaspora, and extending further to a major part of the world's population. Since the turn of the millennium Lagaan has been nominated for an Oscar, Monsoon Wedding achieved blockbuster status and Devdas was the first Bollywood film to be screened at Cannes.

    • Word count: 2676
  19. Alfred Hitchcock has been called 'the Master of Suspense', considering 'psycho' state how effectively he achieves the element of suspense in this film.

    This shows her flaunting her sexuality. She was also seen flushing the toilet just before she was murdered. This is another thing that Hitchcock was brought up to think was immoral also Hitchcock was a misogynist. This might explain why he killed off the main female character in the film. Work played a huge part in Hitchcock's life, he was a workaholic infact. People would describe Hitchcock as obsessive with his films because he would devote his life to and take so much pride in them. Psycho was released in 1960. The morals and attitudes of people were a lot different in 1960 to what they are now.

    • Word count: 2331
  20. Intern for Contrabandit.com

    When covering the medium of Hip-Hop music, I discovered how far reaching and expansive it has become and with my education at UCLA I've been able to view hip-hop from scholarly approach. The main theme I've noticed throughout my internship has been Hip-Hop music's growth and the changes that become of it as it has become an acceptable musical genre generating billions of dollars for the recording industry studios. The three biggest new stories that I was able to cover were the Eminem-Michael Jackson confrontation, Russell Simmons' Hip-Hop Summit Action Network's Presidential voter registration campaign, and the violent incident that occurred at the Vibe Awards.

    • Word count: 2314
  21. 'How does Hitchcock create atmosphere, tension and shock in Psycho?'

    Furthermore, the beginning music written by Bernard Herwann, has a strict pulse and beat like a heartbeat and seems to feel like the "motions" of stabbing which is unnerving. This music repeats itself at different but significant intervals throughout the film such as the minutes before Marian's death. This running theme contributes to the slow but steady buildup of tension. Late on in the film Marian changes from white to black underwear after she has committed the theft of $40'000.

    • Word count: 2454
  22. Compare And Contrast The Opening Scene In 'Raiders Of The Lost Ark' And 'Tomorrow Never Dies', Showing How Both Scenes Shape Your Perceptions Of Their Action Hero, And Using Examples From The Film To Support Your Points

    Indiana Jones finds a poisoned arrow in a tree and they realise they are being followed. This makes you feel scared but it gives some mystery. The audience still haven't seen a close-up of Indiana's face, making him seem like a bit of a mysterious character. One of the trackers turns against Jones, so Jones whips him. The fact that Jones uses a whip shows he is a 1930's hero and there weren't any high-tech gadgets to use. This is when we first get to see a close up of Jones's face.

    • Word count: 2608
  23. Analysing How Steven Spielberg Creates Tension and Suspense in Jaws

    The music indicates to us that something is in the water. As the music builds up to a crescendo, the shot dramatically cuts to a beach party with a happier atmosphere. It is happier because of the soft harmonica and because we, as an audience know that they are safe. It is also happier because we have just hade this really tense moment where we are led to believe that something will happen. The second scene focuses on a young girl who is isolated.

    • Word count: 2197
  24. Sorce related study on Elvis Presley

    This demonstrates further how Elvis is almost or just as popular as an already well-established star at this time, a very positive comment for Elvis' fans to read. The whole article is written in this way and praises both Elvis and his music. Q.2. Study Sources B, C and D. Do Sources C and D support the evidence of Source B about the impact of Elvis Presley? (8 marks) Sources C and D do support the evidence of Source B to a certain extent.

    • Word count: 2642
  25. Analysing and comparing 2pac- 'letter to my unborn child' and Nas featuring R.Kelly -'Did u ever fink'

    There are different categories of music e.g. rap, pop, hip hop, reggae, dance, garage and r n b these are the categories songs are put in. all these deferent categories I have written are different because it has different beats to it and people listen to them for different reasons. Music is very different and there is a link between the songs and music, music is various instruments being played with out music the songs wouldn't be any good because people like the music and songs the music gives a back ground to the songs and music has a beat

    • Word count: 2479

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • With Close Reference to their recent releases, compare how Britney Spears and Sum 41 are marketed.

    "In conclusion, Britney is marketed more two audiences where Sum 41 appear to be marketed for the same type which is skaters and rock fans. Britney appears to be more interested in her fans, while Sum 41 aren't really bothered what anyone thinks and are more concerned making music and having fun. Finally, record companies are responsible for the artists image. Record companies use media for advertising and will have too as the public opinion of artists change when the media portrayal of them changes. ~~~~~~ Pop Music Marketing Coursework Charlotte Grigg"

  • analyse of title credit sequence of Fresh Prince of Bel-Air

    "Conclusion This show has been a success and it is famous all over the world. The "title credit sequence" attracted the audience and this made them to watch it because they wanted to know how he landed up living in Bel-Air. I hope they keep on making new series of "Fresh Prince of Bel-Air" because many teenagers like it and it made people show what Black people can do as well."

  • Compare & contrast ''Pretty in Pink'' & ''Clueless''

    "I enjoyed both films but I preferred ''Clueless''. The colours in this film were much brighter than the colours in ''Pretty in Pink''. I thought that ''Pretty in Pink'' wasn't as good because the film was a bit dull and this made the film look less exciting. The reason why the shots in each film look different is because the camera technology is very different because the films were made just under a decade apart. With the camera shots being different it makes the film look a lot better and the camera angles looking a lot more advanced. Joe Coggin"

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