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AS and A Level: Newspapers & Magazines

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  1. Narcissism Essay. The societal norms of the ideal life and person have been redefined over the years, leading to Americans abandon[ing] the vision of themselves as part of an interconnected social system and instead turn[ing] to the narcissistic p

    Twenge (author of over 40 research findings on Narcissism and Professor of Psychology at San Diego University) has found that "over the last few decades, narcissism has risen as much as obesity" (Twenge, 31). And don't get me wrong, it isn't as if we "raised [our]selves, [we] got these [...] values from somewhere, often from [our] 40865 2 'parental units' or media messages created by older people" (Twenge, 34) such as celebrities. Though we do have power over our own every day actions, such as choosing between pepperoni and cheese or going to party A or party B, all of our decisions, thoughts, and actions are influenced - perhaps even defined, by the society we grew up in and our immediate role models.

    • Word count: 2014
  2. How newspapers have changed with time? Impact of television and Internet, target audiences and presentational devices.

    Most traditional papers also featured an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and columns that express the personal opinions of writers. Another way they have changed is that they have included more stories which appeal to their target audience, meaning that they will include more pictures and stories depending on what the audience want for example: the sun tends to have lots of people with the socio economic of E-C which can connote that for most male adults and young male teenagers, they are mostly interested in page 3 models and sport.

    • Word count: 2291
  3. Newspapers -How have newspaper changed overtime?

    ? Independent (1986) ? Sunday Sport (1986) ? Daily Sport (1988) ? Independent on Sunday (1990). (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_British_newspapers) Colour Technology has allowed us to use colour printing for everything, especially newspapers. In the early 1700s the daily newspapers were black and white, no tint of colour at all. This proves that colour technology then was unknown. The first colour newspaper was in 1928 by the Eastern Color Printing Company it soon became successful by printing color newspaper sections for several New England and New York papers. The cost of colour is cheaper as the time goes on as technology is improving.

    • Word count: 2949
  4. Representaion of villain in film

    In 'Leon' the villain is despised because of the way he is represented to the audience. As a crooked police officer he is represented as devious and deceptive. The manner in which the villain and the film are represented together to the audience is a determining factor in the scope, impact and character of the villain. Villain's can be set apart from the good through actions that would be deemed unacceptable by the society in which we live. In early film villains would have been easily defined by acts that may not be completely unacceptable to modern day society.

    • Word count: 2529
  5. Evaluation for Magazine Production

    "Bliss" and "Cosmo Girl" were the most popular magazines. To decide the genre of my magazine and the contents of it I carried out a short questionnaire, which focused on what types of things girls in my target age group wanted to be in a magazine. Fashion music and lifestyle were the most popular type of magazines so I decided to do my magazine as a mix between these. Make-up was the most popular type of freebie so I decide to give away a free lip-gloss or eye shadow.

    • Word count: 2875
  6. An analysis of the Government's media strategies in informing teenagers of drugs

    And what is the solution to get rid of all the future drug addicts: better drug awareness in youths. What sets 'Talk To Frank' apart from all the other drug awareness booklets and leaflets is its quality of writing and ability to communicate to the average teenager through colourful pictures and information that does not bore. It is factors similar these that can change a teenager's mind concerning drugs in a second and stop them becoming addicted to drugs in the future. So what the Government is doing is both beneficial to teens and themselves because they are doing all they can do to get the point across to teens while at the same time, saving enough money when printing the booklets and leaflets.

    • Word count: 2641
  7. My two articles I have chosen to compare are from the The Sun and The Times. They are about a man who has kidnapped an eight-year-old girl, Sarah Payne.

    The two newspapers present the story in different ways, therefore, both newspapers have to be attractive to sell well. To be 'eye-catching' the layout of the article is very important. 'The Sun' has used the e-fit picture of the kidnapper on the front-page, which takes up 75% of the page. However, this is very helpful because even if the paper does not sell the customers will see the e-fit picture. There is a single column along side the picture which is headed by 'Sarah Payne', who has been kidnapped. The picture of the kidnapper is very sincere and the man is unshaven making him look evil and scary.

    • Word count: 2084
  8. Production Report - Magazine

    This was helpful because part of the work is was to look into existing magazines to find the codes, conventions, representations etc. One magazine that I took particular interest in was GLAMOUR magazine; this is because its audience is similar to that of what I am making a magazine for. Looking at GLAMOUR I discovered that some of the main codes that every magazine has is on the front cover there is always a main image of a stereotypical model who looks perfect, she is beautiful, has perfect hair and skin etc.

    • Word count: 2022
  9. I have decided to compare two newspaper articles, one from the tabloid "The Daily Mirror" and the other from the broadsheet "The Guardian". Both papers on Friday January the 13th 2006

    Finally the visual layout of both papers will be evident through the Mirror's typical use of enlarging and emboldening headlines in order to stand out, whereas the guardian will use a more subtle, informative title. The mirror's slightly facetious, informal and straight to the point title often tells half the information contained within the text anyway. There are many short paragraphs in the Mirror, made up of generally one to four sentences. Having more paragraphs means that points are succinct and therefore sustaining the attention of a reader.

    • Word count: 2455
  10. Magazine Reveiw and Comparison

    'Now' magazine also has many large headlines in different fonts and colours. Both magazines use many pictures of celebrities and this shows that the readers follow the latest celebrity gossip and are interested in celebrity news and fashion. Both magazines also use bold headlines to attract and engage the reader. However, unlike 'Now' magazine, all the headlines in 'OK!' are in the same font and are quite small. This gives the impression that the editors spent time on the magazine making it look neat and interesting. Also, on the front cover there is only one large picture in the centre with smaller picture around the side. This gives the impression of tidiness.

    • Word count: 2780
  11. Comparing newspapers,The Sun, a tabloid newspaper and The Telegraph, a broadsheet newspaper which went to print on the 25th September 2006.

    The headline "Baby girl is killed by pub Rottweilers" is in much smaller prints and not in capitals. It is longer and therefore the power of the message is not as instant. Despite so, this headline is clear and straight to the point that a girl has died because of Rottweilers. The headline sets out a balanced viewpoint. The Telegraph does not use any emotive language in the headline. This evidently shows that they are not trying to arouse the readers' emotion by the death of the baby girl. On the front of The Sun, the article is dominated by a large photograph of one angry, scary looking Rotterwiler that looks like it is going to jump out of the paper and eat you alive.

    • Word count: 2561
  12. Year 10 English Coursework - Media

    There are many headlines in The Sun all of which use puns in them; "NAZI HARRY: GRIME AND PUNISHMENT" "HIS ROYAL STYNESS" "PRINCE HARRY HAS TO MUCK IN ON DADDY'S FARM" "I WAS ONLY FURROWING ORDERS" All these puns which are used in the headlines sets the tone of the story as a non serious one which is thought of as a joke. By starting with a pun you know what to expect in the rest of the article. The headlines make Prince Harry look bad, especially the headline "NAZI HARRY".

    • Word count: 2513
  13. Newspaper Review - Wild Swan Dies of Bird Flu in UK

    The image the Sun seems to portray, with its attention grapping headlines, is to provide an upbeat lively entertainment paper. The sixty word article on the Sun's front page has the following headline underlined and in bold print, "UK swan is hit by bird flu," with a small picture of two swans captioned with, "Fear.... swan is Britain's first wild bird flu case." Instead of using the words, "swan catches bird flu," the Sun chooses to create more of an impact by using the word, "hit," which is associated with violence, and the word, "Fear," in the caption evokes an element of alarm, perhaps implying the readers should now be fearful for their own health.

    • Word count: 2306
  14. Compare and contrast the treatment of the killings at DunblanePrimary school by The Sun and The Independent newspapers

    After killing their teacher he proceeded to shoot himself. The independent has the headline 'Massacre in class P1'. The editor chose to use these particular words to evoke emotions in the reader. Massacre is emotive language that helps the reader to understand just how bad the killings were, it is also using imagery to conjure very bad pictures up in the readers head. The 'class P1' is used instead of 'in infant school' or 'at school' because it makes the reader think more in depth to understand it. The Sun uses the headline 'Pray for them'; this is a sad and thoughtful headline.

    • Word count: 2344
  15. DISCUSS THE DIFFERENT METHODSBLISS MAGAZINE USES TO TARGET ITSAUDIENCE AND EVALUATE THEIREFFECTIVENESS

    The model is a very pretty young actress called Hilary Duff. She looks about eighteen years old; she is wearing a pink dress, has her hair down and has neutral make-up on. The fact that the model looks about eighteen years old targets the audience. It makes them think that this is a magazine that is read by people the age of the model, and therefore they want to buy it. The fact that Hilary Duff is obviously older than the target audience trys to bring the magazine to the attention of potential readers.

    • Word count: 2563
  16. With reference to media language, analyse how your chosen magazine defines its genre and targets its audience?

    This is probably quite a successful approach at targeting teenage girls as they will not be on a high income salary and so a free gift with a popular magazine such as sugar would come as an added bonus, this is probably why the fact that there is a free gift is displayed clearly, as this is a good way of leering teenagers into buying sugar before another magazine on the shelf. The fact that T3 costs �3.50 helps to distinguish the age of the reader as somebody who wasn't on quite a high income probably wouldn't be interested in spending this much on a magazine without a freebie that's aim is to encourage people to buy expensive gadgets.

    • Word count: 2438
  17. An analysis comparing the front pages of the Sun and the Mirror, considering the impact of ownership, the way front pages are constructed, the audience and issues of representation.

    Also, we need to appreciate that bias is common and stories are not always truthful and that a particular trait of them is to sensationalize stories in order to make them appear more dramatic. Rupert Murdoch owns the Sun, which is only a fraction of his vast media empire. Other mediums in his power include the Times, Sky television and News of the World. Born in 1931 in Australia, Murdoch is considered one of the most influential media entrepreneurs of today.

    • Word count: 2057
  18. GCSE English Media Coursework: Teenage magazines

    The cover is bright and bold. The text is in pink and green on a white background, so it grabs attention quickly. It has a summery feel to it but also appears to be to quite a young taste. It has been well arranged to look nicely busy with articles. The reader is tempted to continue. "Dare to be different." This is a small comment on the front cover in the very important position of below the magazine name. This is a clever marketing scheme and has been placed there very wisely.

    • Word count: 2155
  19. Compare how far the two magazines you have studied represent idealised lifestyles in both their editorial and advertising content

    The front cover of any magazine shows a lot about the ideology and the target audiences' values. Both of these magazines have a central image on the front cover, the purpose of this is to draw readers attention, to tell a prospective reader what is in side the magazine and the sort of topics it deals with and tells you a lot about the target audience. The central image on the cover of More magazine is a photograph of Jennifer Anniston and Courtney Cox and on the front cover GQ is the image of Johnny Wilkinson. Both of these images are aspirational to the readers of the two publications but in different ways.

    • Word count: 2821
  20. Taking the image of people jumping from the Twin Towers as your starting point, compare and contrast the media coverage of the events of September 11th as reported in a broadsheet newspaper, a tabloid and the television.

    The three news reports have used the images of victims leaping from the twin towers to immediately pass the message on to the reader/viewer of how desperate the situation was, consequently shocking the reader or viewer as well as to catch their instant attention. Readership differences can be easily compared with either newspaper's headline choices. For example 'The Times' has used bold but small-case letters, with a simplistic but effective title 'Bloody echoes of Pearl Harbour'. By referring this new calamity to the previous deadly attack during World War 2, the writer would have managed to demonstrate to the reader the scale of the attacks and this is further aided with the use of strong emotive language in 'Bloody'.

    • Word count: 2229
  21. The history of Newspapers.

    It focused on poverty, slums, education, health and unemployment. During the war it became known as the 'forces paper' putting forward the views of ordinary soldiers. The mirror showed political power by running a strong campaign for labour to win the 1945 election; this was not aloud because the newspapers are not aloud to show political bias. The Mirror developed a close link to readers through ordinary working class journalist and stories. In the 1950s Marjorie Proops became the first Agony Aunt column. Through the 50's and 60's the Mirror focused on great social and political issues.

    • Word count: 2772
  22. Analyse item 1 a newspaper article from ' The Guardian' and item 2 part of a leaflet issued by '' The Salvation Army''. Both items are about homelessness.

    It is mentioned that the majority are "single people". This may have been due to the fact that many of them leave home at a young age and are unable to support themselves financially and resulting in not having kids. It is estimated tat "90%" of the homeless population is male. One may think why? The answer to this is due to the fact of excess consumption of alcohol resulting in spending a huge amount of money and leading to bankruptcy and not affording to a good life.

    • Word count: 2269
  23. Produce a magazine aimed at teenagers for the audience of male readers aged 13-19 year old.

    Each of which has the heading of the magazines and also the price of the magazines at the top of the page. In the 'shoot magazine' a football was used instead of an "O" as the magazines is to do with football. Also in the magazine the colour red is used mostly in the background and the writing to make the magazine stand out. In the 'Auto Express' magazines the main focus on the front cover was the new jaguar car.

    • Word count: 2121
  24. This analysis aims to explore the usage and choice of language, the formation and presentation of media, and the target audiences of two newspapers, regarding their approach to the war in Iraq.

    property and what 'our' property is doing or capable of. It will be of some interest to see whether these two articles comply with our expectations, so as to further the depth of the conclusion. One of the most striking differences between these two articles is their layout. Obviously, The Guardian being a broadsheet is far larger, with much more text per page than The Daily Mail. The Daily Mail makes effective use of the 'T-formation', placing its cartoon in the centre of the 'T's head, with its summary to the right, allowing the reader's eye to be taken across the page, almost avoiding the article completely.

    • Word count: 2324
  25. Comparison of a tabloid and broadsheet front page written on September 11th 2002.

    The article could also be aimed at people who do not have enough time to read long broadsheet articles as it could be read quickly on the way to work on a bus when you are in a hurry which can be very convenient. The article is written by Tony Parsons, and could also be aimed at fans of his, as he is a writer who has written many books. In this article Tony Parsons gives only his opinion, which is very biased against the Muslim world, which suggests that it could also be aimed at readers with similar opinions and interests.

    • Word count: 2818

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse the front pages of two daily national newspapers printed on the same day and suggest why they are different.

    "In conclusion to this essay I think that over all, the tabloids and the broadsheet have major differences, such as the size or amount of text written and the amount of pictures used. However, the language is very different as the broadsheet uses longer, more complex words than the tabloid that uses shorter, simpler words. This is because of the type of people that read them, as the people that read broadsheets are generally more intellectual, whereas the people that read tabloids are more of a younger and uneducated audience. The tabloids have a large content of celebrities and gossip, which is very different to broadsheets. Broadsheets have international and national news and not as much written about celebrities and gossip. The broadsheet also tells the truth and gives both opinions of the story, unlike the tabloid which is exaggerated to make it more exciting and only gives the opinion of the story they want you to see. Therefore the tabloid is a lot more biased than the broadsheet."

  • Compare and contrast the two NHS anti-smoking advertisements commenting on the methods they use to persuade their audiences to quit smoking

    "I think both adverts are equally effective because it appeals to the vanity of teenage girls. Teenage girls are very concerned about how they look and read lots of fashion magazine in order to feel that they fit in with their peers. 'Trudi and Kia' uses real life people in a real life situation, but 'Look Like Me' uses a model and fakes the effects of smoking. Which, in my opinion, makes Trudi and Kia' that bit more convincing. Also, Trudi and Kia' deals with the health related issues, whereas 'Look Like Me' appears to be much more shallow and focus solely on the physical effects of smoking."

  • Compare the ways in which the writers have made their presentations of the problem of sweatshop labour effective

    "In conclusion, I think that these articles are very different. The article by Sarah Strickland is more of a report and is very poetic in its use of language, particularly imagery. Helen Storey's article is very informative and also makes it clear that the situation really is as she writes because she actually says that she has visited the places she describes. However, they both share a common theme, sweatshop labour."

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