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AS and A Level: Radio

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 1
  1. Sample Radio script

    D X MIC 4'' Yes this is SMOOTH FM , Good morning people! 6 Speech J. Anthony X MIC 5'' This is Lady D and J.Anthony, How you feeling this morning? 7 Speech Lady. D X MIC 6'' Gotta' big up my boys Flow Dan and Iyare holding up the Smooth Fm airways this morning from 6 till 9 8 Speech J. Anthony X MIC 30 SECONDS Yep! Flow Dan and Iyare doing their fizzle fazzle! 9 Sample: sirens X Comp 3'' 10 Speech J.

    • Word count: 786
  2. Media Radio News Analysis

    Radio 1 The main news on Radio 1 lasts for approximately 11 minutes. During this they cram in all the news stories. This could include major issues: abortion issues; identity theft; fraud; murder; and rioting in Paris. The readers have lively voices and a basic, rather fundamental vocabulary. Music is constantly being played in the background. This is intended to make it seem quick and snappy. Topics are nearly always three way conversations that consist of the presenter, the reporter of the story and the witness. Each story normally lasts 2 minutes. It could be said that Radio 1 news is similar to a newspaper like the Sun, where the stories are often true, but are greatly overstated and dramatised to make them seem more appealing than they actually are.

    • Word count: 766
  3. No Promises in the Wind

    Convenience played a major part in the popularity growth of radios. Radio was the most important new form of entertainment in the first half of the twentieth century. In 1930, almost fifteen million families owned a radio and that number had doubled by 1940. Some of the most listened to programming was the variety shows and comedic sitcoms. Amos 'n' Andy, a popular radio sitcom, starred Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll. These actors were former vaudeville performers. During the harsh times the nation was facing, even a 15 minute show could bring comic relief to the American population.

    • Word count: 814
  4. Radio One

    Radio One, Inc. was the first in the radio industry to primarily target African-American and urban listeners. Its strategy was to expand within existing markets and into new markets that had a significant African-American presence by acquiring and turning around under performing radio stations. The belief was that radio broadcasting primarily targeting African-Americans had significant growth potential and also that there was a competitive advantage in the African-American market and the radio industry in general, due to Radio One's primary focus on urban formats, skill in programming and marketing these formats, and turnaround expertise..

    • Word count: 286
  5. To what extent was the political independence of the BBC threatened by the Conservative governments of the 1980's?

    Unfortunately for Mrs. Thatcher the inquiry found that the BBC did not need advertising. In response to this and other incidents the government placed the license fee on inflation meaning at he very least the BBC could not expand but with a reality of injuring the organization which had had 'costs out of control' since 1982 to the tune of �15 million. The BBC was controlled by the funding it had from the public, in turn controlled by the government who did not like its programming and opposed it ideologically in the first place.

    • Word count: 753
  6. Scriptwriting for radio is considered to be harder than scriptwriting for film and TV as the writers cannot use sight and must portray the story through sound and dialogue.

    start with the same letter, it does not matter as they are short and are joining words which are spoken so fast it does not matter that they are there. The example I have just written is the example of using alliteration to slow down speech if you can also use it to point out particular words and to make a point. 1.2Onomatopoeia: Onomatopoeia is used to replace sounds with words, where words are used instead of sounds like instead of a bee buzzing they would say buzz instead of a buzzing sound they use this in radio to either make a joke or to make you understand the sound that they are hearing.

    • Word count: 831
  7. Government responsibility for broadcasting and creative industries in the UK lies with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.The Office for Communications Act 2003

    Ofcom took over responsibilities from the former Independent Television Commission, Radio Authority, Oftel, Radio Communications Agency and Broadcasting Standards Commission. * The BBC is run in the interests of its viewers and listeners.

    • Word count: 314
  8. BBC CURRENT MARKETING PLANS

    The competitors of the BBC have also ventured into the digital television revolution. ITV 2, ITV News, E4, Film Four, Film 4 World and Film 4 Extreme all stepped into the digital limelight before or at the same time as the BBC's digital channels. The BBC should be wary of the way in which its arch rival, ITV, through away its first and probably only attempt to launch its own box. On digital/ITV digital paid over the odds for football coverage and then failed to attract enough subscribers to warrant it. They proceeded to own the football clubs they were supposed to bankroll millions of pounds.

    • Word count: 940
  9. Talk Shows.

    However this is a reason why talk shows remain so popular. As Mittell himself writes, the viewer of talk shows wants to feel a sense of cultural, intellectual and social superiority (reader). He believes the viewer gains pleasure from these kind of shows because they are made to feel better then those on the programme. The viewer feels better in their own lives, for the reason that they feel theirs is much better then those on the programme. The viewers are in a position of power, morally judging those they see on the show.

    • Word count: 831
  10. Technical Developments of the 40's & 50's

    It offered editing of performances, portability, and better audio quality and was significally cheaper than the existing technologies. In the USA a company that made Scotch tape called 3M improved the abilities of magnetic tape, allowing recording speeds of 30 ips to be brought down to 15 ips and 71/2 ips with little quality loss but significantly longer recording times. In 1948 Bell laboratories introduced the Transistor to America. Transistor technology could do everything the Vacuum tube at a reduced cost. It required less power, was smaller in size and more durable. Soon the recording studio became portable and could easily be torn down and set-up if the need arisen.

    • Word count: 770
  11. History of Radio in New Zealand.

    The year of 1936 saw a woman radio announcer take the microphone. Aunt Daisy was her name and she had a morning time slot from 9 - 10am. This was the time that the 'housewives' were at home and listening to the radio, so Aunt Daisy would give house hold tips about, cooking, cleaning and the general running of the woman's side of the household.

    • Word count: 590
  12. A Wireless Device works without using cables to communicate.

    The main part that can produce sound in electric guitar is called the pick-ups. It consists of magnets and coil. Only metal string can be used in magnetic pickups. The pickups have the ability to transfer the physical vibration of a metal string into the electrical current. This current can then be translated into a tone. Transmitter: A transmitter is basically converting an audio signal to a radio signal and broadcasting it through the antenna. The antenna is one the most important parts in the transmitter.

    • Word count: 901
  13. Which methods does the producer Use to make an effective documentary - 'Scene: boxing on the ropes'?'

    directly linked to boxing, although this is alarming, to put it in comparison there has been well over 50 deaths from rock climbing in the same time period, this could be suggested to be a form of propaganda. The producer then backs the statistics by actually showing you some of the knockouts in the ring, you are then shown footage in which Mohammed Ali, arguably the greatest boxer of all time, is at a airport after a match still suffering from, 'punch drunk', acting like a child, with slurred speech, and needing help to walk.

    • Word count: 666
  14. Describe the main differences in the presentational style of the Radio 1 breakfast show and the Spire FM breakfast show, giving examples of content, to include a trail and commercial (for Spire FM) and a sweeper and a news wrap (fro Radio 1).

    Radio 1's target audience is fifteen to twenty five. Spire FM is a local broadcasting service which broadcasts from south Wiltshire and west Hampshire and is owned by Radio investments LTD and gets its funds through advertising. The Radio 1 breakfast show begins at 7 'o' clock am and finishes at 10 'o' clock am, it is hosted by Sara Cox. The Spire FM breakfast show, hosted by Matt and H, starts at quarter past 6 and finishes at 9 'o' clock.

    • Word count: 471
  15. McDonalds ICT Mission Statement.

    They also make a promise to their employees to boost the confidence of the public in the McDonalds employees. The statement doesn't involve any promises about the quality of their food, which I feel is very disappointing, and should be included. It's very brief and inconclusive about many issues so I believe McDonalds mission statement should be improved. BBC. The BBC is run in the interests of its viewers and listeners. Twelve governors act as trustees of the public interest and regulate the BBC. The Queen on advice from ministers appoints them. The BBC's governors safeguard its independence, set its objectives and monitor its performance.

    • Word count: 624
  16. Television Institutions.

    It is a non-commercial (not there to make a profit) stations whereas ITV, Channel 4 and Channel 5 are commercial stations (there to make profit). Channel ITV, channel 4 and channel 5 are been owned by large moneymaking organisations whose aim is to make profit for their shareholders. So they charging advertisers large sums of promote their products on these stations (usually six minutes of adverts per hour). SKY and cable have no restrictions on how many adverts they show in any hours, therefore, have far more adverts as this means more profit for theme.

    • Word count: 715
  17. Why did groups like the Beatles and The Rolling Stones have such great Impact during the 1960's.

    The older generation felt very affended by the new fashion craze. Twiggy a model caused a stir when she was wearing a mini skirt four inches above her knees to the Melbourne Cup (The most important horse race in Australia) A week of newspaper headlines followed it. More shops and mail order companies were beginning to sell the new fashion but the fashions didn't seem to last for very long with the mini skirt lasting a few years then the trouser suits came and went and then the hippie and flower power clothes came.

    • Word count: 906
  18. Why have some Scottish and Welsh nationalists criticized Labour's programme of devolution

    Some Scottish and Welsh nationalists have criticised labour's programme of devolution because they campaign for full independence for Scotland and Wales. Labour's programme of devolution does not grant full independence to these countries. Instead it just offers slightly more power. Scottish nationalists also criticise Labour's programme of devolution because it will probably lead to a rise in taxes in Scotland.

    • Word count: 508
  19. The Ratings War

    These data are available for reporting nationally as well as at an ITV and BBC regional level. BARB represents more than 24 million houses. A schedule, sometimes called 'listings', tells you what programmes go on television and when. The person that does this is called a scheduler. You can find a television schedule in a television guide, for example 'What's On' and 'Radio Times'. The television guide gives reviews of the programmes and interviews with different actors and actresses. A television schedule is also found in newspapers, but there is less detail. There are few reviews of programmes and there are no interviews.

    • Word count: 642
  20. Pirate Radio Stations

    At the peak of the 'pirates', 16 million people a day tuned into Radio Caroline and Radio London. The Government recognised the need to provide a substitute when it closed them down with new laws - but it avoided a commercially charged route and told the BBC to start a new station known as Radio One. Independent Local Radio was not what the London based, TV advertising industry expected or wanted. The local radio at the time expected national pop based commercial stations, on which advertising could be brought in the same way as television, with very large audiences.

    • Word count: 652
  21. Media Studies - Television Program Introduction - opening sequences

    The use of all these techniques clearly shows the viewer that they are watching a soap opera about groups of people mainly in their late teens to middle twenties. The producers do this by showing mainly clips of these characters throughout the opening sequence, this would also be the target audience of the programme 'Hollyoaks'. In the mock documentary 'Operation Good Guys' techniques are used cleverly to 'trick' the viewers. They do this by firstly making the viewer believe that this programme is of a more serious tone by making it appear to be a documentary about general police life.

    • Word count: 914
  22. How Far Does Contemporary Radio Provide Audiences With Genuine Diversity of Listening Choice?

    The BBC provides five national radio stations each with a different remit. Radio One is based on modern music with different types at different times of day, which are aimed at different audiences. It is aimed at sixteen to twenty-five year olds and plays all types of modern music. However, around 1995 changes were made as it was going out of date. The target audience was twenty-five to forty as the original DJs were still being used. The BBC was being assessed for privatisation so a new controller was taken on and became more diverse and cutting edge, which was different to the independent national and local stations.

    • Word count: 622
  23. Analysis of the Army's Media Campaign

    The Video then goes on to display the good deeds that The Army does and also interviews some recruits who have experienced The Army and say only good things about it The Promotional Video is aimed at parents of recruits who might be worried about their son or daughter joining The Army. In the radio advertisement The Army is much more portrayed as an action-based organisation. It puts the listener in the position of a soldier with an anti-tank missle.

    • Word count: 998

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent was the political independence of the BBC threatened by the Conservative governments of the 1980's?

    "In conclusion while the BBC certainly had its political independence threatened by governments of the 1980's, this suppression rarely lasted long, caused out cry and was resurgent. The latter alone means one could say the BBC's political independence was not truly threatened because people at the core of the BBC such as Milne continued to affront this suppression. However, symbolic of the fall of this opposition was the true loss to the independence of the organization the loss of Milne in 1987, 'the last true director general of the BBC', then board members and the new director general gained more confidence in their actions at the very end of the 1980's. This is Marxist as the dominant conservative ideology, traditionally held by elites as well, influenced working class people through the new conservative BBC eventually."

  • To what extent was the BBC in the 1920s the personal creation of John Reith?

    "In conclusion, it is apparent that a variety of factors shaped the early development of the BBC in the 1920s. Although Reith was very influential on the BBC, namely through shaping its course of programming and its function according to his own values, and through guiding it through a major crisis, to enhance its status and credibility, the BBC cannot be seen as his personal creation. This is because there were a number of social and political factors which also shaped the BBC, and in some cases, combined with Reith's ideas to help them work, or provided Reith with the opportunity to exploit them to aid the corporation's development."

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