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Rock 'n' Roll.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assessment 1 - Rock 'n' Roll A 'post-war boom' in the US was the economic background to a new scale of working-class and middle-class 'affluence' in the 1950's. Both pocket money and widely available part-time work swelled the disposable income of 'teenagers' at high school, while wages were often relatively high in the first years of work. The overall effect was to create a large group, throughout the country, of independent young or 'teenage' consumers, of relatively high spending power, even despite the rise in number staying on longer in school. (Longhurst, B, 1995) The 1950s were comparatively safe and innocent, and rock 'n' roll established a foundation for the ideals that youth could pursue in such an environment. When issues of race relations, war, sexuality, drugs, ecology, and world hunger arose in later years, rock 'n' roll was forced, like every other ideology, to respond to them. That many of these concerns were of central importance to the kids reared on and revelling in rock 'n' roll as a lifestyle only heightens the significance of their common response, as expressed in and through the music. Looking back from these Classic Rock vantage points, it's easy to visualize the early rock 'n' roll days. By now, they've been relived and recreated in hundreds of movies, television programs, magazine articles, biographies, and anthologies. Those were the Happy Days, the Fabulous Fifties, when that Old Time Rock 'n' Roll was blasting from every jukebox. It was when Elvis was King, when life was simpler, when they played all those wonderful love songs that touched our hearts when the living room lights were dimmed... The fifties are forever frozen in American memory by these kinds of images, and they may even be fairly accurate, for all we know. Some of the main artists that played a major part in the explosion of the American rock 'n' roll music scene in the fifties, were Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley. ...read more.

Middle

Billy's career skyrocketed right from the start; within days he signed with Decca Records, recorded his first disc, the self penned 'Maybe Tomorrow'. He established himself as a regular on Jack Good's legendary 'Oh Boy!' television show. Oh Boy! was a non-stop music television programme, hosted by Tony Hall and Jimmy Henney, which was launched in September 1958. It was an innovative show that enabled British and American rock 'n' roll artists to become mainstream and increase their following in the UK. The programme influenced the youth of the rock 'n' roll generation as they could see their idols more often than just in concert. The show's greatest discovery was Cliff Richard, who appeared on the first show and two weeks later had entered the charts with 'Move It'. (WhirliGig, 2002) During the last months of the decade Billy appeared several times on Jack Good's latest pop vehicle 'Boy Meets Girl', a television show where American rock 'n' rollers Gene Vincent and Eddie Cochran made their UK debuts. The year 1961 started with a cover of the Revilers' 'A Thousand Stars' and Marty Robbins' 'Don't Worry', but it was 'Halfway To Paradise' that really made him a major star. The Goffin/King song had been a minor hit in the US for Tony Orlando, but Billy's cover is now considered the definitive version. (Black Cat Rockabilly Europe, 2000) Rock 'n' roll might be said to be cocunstituted by a relation to its immediate past - by cover. In the fifties so many of the originals had been released only a few months prior to covers that even if someone in the audience did know the original, they did not attach any particular past to it. Mid-fifties rock 'n' roll was constituted by timeless moments of now; the past was an eternal present. (Swiss, T et al, 1998) There could have been competition between the American artists who sang the original songs and the British artist who covered them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Decca F11409 1961 I'd Never Find Another You/ Sleepless Nights #5 Decca F11437 1962 Letter Full Of Tears/ Magic Eyes #32 Decca F11458 1962 Last Night Was Made For Love/ King For Tonight #4 Decca F11485 1962 Once Upon A Dream/ If I Lose You #7 Decca F11508 1962 Because Of Love/ Running Around #18 Decca F11582 1963 Like I've Never Been Gone/ What Do You Think You're Doing #3 Decca F11655 1963 When Will You Say I Love You/ All I Wanna Do Is Cry #3 Decca F11701 1963 In Summer/ I'll Never Fall In Love Again #5 Decca F11744 1963 Somebody Else's Girl/ Go Ahead And Ask Her #18 Decca F11792 1963 Do You Really Love Me Too/ What Am I Gonna Do #13 Decca F11888 1964 I Will/ Nothin' Shakin' But The Leaves On The Trees #14 Decca F11939 1964 It's Only Make Believe/ Baby What Do You Want Me To Do #10 Decca F12048 1965 I'm Lost Without You/ You Better Believe It Baby #16 Decca F12178 1965 In Thoughts Of You/ Away From You #9 Decca F12230 1965 Run To My Lovin' Arms/ Where Do You Run #25 Decca F12325 1966 I'll Never Quite Get Over You/ Belong To The Wind #35 Decca F12409 1966 Don't Let A Little Pride Stand In Your Way/ Didn't See The Real thing Come Along Decca F12459 1966 Give Me Your Word/ She's So Far Out She's In #27 Parlophone R5560 1967 Hurtin' Is Loving/ Things Are Changing Parlophone R5605 1967 Loving You/ I'll Go Along With It Now Parlophone R5634 1967 Suzanne In The Mirror/ It Just Don't Matter Now Parlophone R5658 1967 Beyond The Shadow Of A Doubt/ Baby Do You Love Me Parlophone R5681 1968 Silly Boy Blue/ One Minute Woman Parlophone R5723 1968 Phone Box/ Any Morning Now Parlophone R5747 1968 Lady/ Certain Things Parlophone R5788 1969 I Call For My Rose/ Bye Bye Parlophone R5819 1969 All The Way To The USA/ Do My Best For You 1 ...read more.

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