• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Development of the Music Industry

Extracts from this document...


Music Part 1 The Development of the Music Industry The Music Industry was founded in the year of 1877, when the first recording of a human voice on the first tinfoil cylinder phonograph, was made by Thomas Edison, on December 6th. After this development, many other major events were founded in the Music Industry. Major events included, another Thomas Edison invention, in the year of 1913. He finally conceded victory to the flat disc. This was a major creation in the industry, reason being, a number of songs were able to be put on the flat disc, making you wonder how this is done on such a flat surface with a thickness of 1/4 inch. A third major event was "The Sugar Hill Gang" releasing the first commercial rap hit "Rapper's Delight" this occurred in 1979, bringing rap off the New York streets and into the popular music scene. Rap originated in the mid 1970's, ever since then, this type of music has become one of the most important commercial and artistic branches. ...read more.


* Sony Music Entertainment * EMI Group * Warner Brothers Music * BMG Entertainment (Bertelsmann Music Group Entertainment) These five record labels are global giants in the music industry; each company includes subsidiary record labels. UMG's subsidiaries include "Island Records", "Def Jam" and "Motown Records". Sony Music Entertainment subsidiaries include "Columbia", "Epic" and "Legacy Recordings". EMI Group subsidiaries include "Virgin Records", "Blue Note Records" and "Angel records". Warner Brothers Music subsidiaries include "Atlantic Records", "Elektra Records" and "Reprise Records". Lastly, BMG Entertainment subsidiaries include "LaFace Records", "J Records" and "Jive Records". BMG Entertainment BMG was first set up in the early 1990s to combine the music label activities of Bertelsmann. It is a 50-50 joint venture between the Sony Corporation of America and Bertelsmann, set in New York. This label is the No.2 record company in the world, behind UMG. BMG Entertainment owns more than 200 record labels in 53 countries. Here are some of the subsidiaries:- Arista Records, Columbia Records, Epic Records, J Records, Jive Records, LaFace Records, Legacy Recordings, Provident Music Group, RCA Records, RCA Victor Group, RLG - Nashville, SONY BMG Masterworks, Sony Music Nashville, Sony Urban Music, Sony Wonder, So So Def Records and Verity Records. ...read more.


Whereas, a record label who only specializes in one music genre is not really likely to have high sales. For example, a record label which only produces gospel music is only attracting a small audience. Therefore this record label is unlikely to have high sales because they only produce one music genre which only appeals to a certain audience. Music Videos A music video is a filmed or videotaped rendition of a recorded song, often portraying musicians performing the song or including visual images interpreting the lyrics. The first ever music video was made in 1958 by J.P. Richardson Jnr. Ever since then music videos have made a big contribution to the music industry in many ways. For example, an American sky/cable channel MTV (music television) was launched back in 1981. This is an end-to-end music video programming without any conventional programs. By then, it began to have a wide popularity and influence in the early 1980s. Now that music videos were created, viewers were able to watch music artists' videos rather than just listen to their songs. This shows that music videos had a big involvement in the music industry. ?? ?? ?? ?? Leah-Kara Johnson Media Studies 10v ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Music Industry - Four Roles Live Performance A live performer may play in a ...

    and the performing rights society (PRS). Other important roles of the music publisher include: � Producing performance materials (score and parts) and demonstration recordings � Producing and licensing the production of printed music. � Preparing promotional materials, including sampler CDs, study scores, etc; � Promoting composers and songwriters to performers,

  2. How successful have your chosen texts been for their industry. (On Beyonce)

    walking along the shore in torn, revealing clothes, this displays their use of their gender and sexuality to gain power and promote themselves as a group, the groups target market are teenage girls but I think they have purposefully made super-sexy video in order to attract the male audience as well.

  1. Investigate the ways in which hip hop music appeals to male and female audiences, ...

    However, it could also be argued that this is merely a way of excusing such portrayals. Considering the artist's earlier works, such as Get in my car containing the lyrics "I got no pickup lines / I stay on the grind / I tell the hoes all the time /

  2. The subject of this dissertation is how feminist beliefs have been expressed in alternative ...

    Sarah Young argues that this is due to the scene consisting mainly of male consumers and therefore it makes sense that the majority of producers are also male. Lora Keyte believes that this makes the inclusion of various women more important, as: By being rare they send out a vibe

  1. My use of ICT - iPod (personal)

    However it is very hard to feel sympathetic towards them when you here about them ripping off all these small, new, defenseless bands. I do feel that I could be breaking copyright laws, but I really don't know exactly what constitutes breaking the copyright.

  2. I'm going to be talking to you about an interest of mine rap music ...

    She went on to set up "Intelligent Black Women's Coalition" a support group which organises meetings and benefit concerts. Tupac Amaru Shakur was born and raised in the Bronx, New York before moving to California where he continued to write and record.

  1. This is a report on the different management systems and decision-making processes that help ...

    These should then cascade down the management structure accordingly to all levels of employees so that there is a specific focus and an ultimate objective. One of the main objectives at the moment at Universal is to try and get back to the level of revenue and operating income the

  2. Essay on Crass music

    clothing in mockery of fashion punks, and started incorporating film and video into their performances."13 They committed themselves to stay together until the then theoretical 1984. In the spring of 1979, Crass put out their first album, The Feeding of The Five Thousand, on Small Wonder records.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work