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True knowledge or fictitious claims?

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Introduction

Maastricht 20.1.04 Christian Birke International Business ID: 228214 Essay Philosophy of science True knowledge or fictitious claims? Examining the Philips case (Philips case Maastricht University Block 1) Studying economics or international business one naturally spends very much time learning many different economic theories. The attempt is made most of the time at providing examples used to illustrate various aspects of the theory by conducting case studies. Case studies are based on cases which are nothing but the description of the real life scenario of an organization. Studying these cases one rarely thinks about the truthfulness of the content provided. But true content is essential to accurate scientific work. How can it be expected of a student to be introduced into a new subject matter with the question of the truth being a secondary one in a subject considered scientific? This text will examine various pseudo truths and scientific discrepancies found in the Philips case used in the Organization & Marketing course at Maastricht University. ...read more.

Middle

the history of Philips is written almost making the reader think he is reading a story, surely this cannot be considered proper scientific rhetoric? Throughout the case but especially in the paragraph concerning Philip's strategy the text gives the impression of being almost like a textbook on organization. Sentences like: "Marketing interests fuelled new types of structural arrangements..." (Philips case, block book Maastricht University) simply state a fact that would probably have been difficult to determine in such a definitive way. Also Philips managers are quoted in a sense that it seems as though what they say is the definite truth especially when assumptions are made they are not presented as such. "A process of change has been set in motion" (Philips case, block book Maastricht University) how can the judgement of one person in a company really be taken as a fact, this is a clear indication for unscientific work. And if estimates and assumptions are used in this way how can it be determined whether the science conducted is free of value? ...read more.

Conclusion

This is clearly no accurate representation of true facts. Concluding I must say that the case disappoints when analysed under the criteria of truthful content and whether or not it can be considered scientific. The text is clearly not scientific and appears to have been written by a very "lazy-dazy scientist" (Klamer, 2003) as the truth seems to have been slightly manipulated or not researched in great detail in various parts of the text. To illustrate one can use a metaphor "Science is the highest floor of a skyscraper. You can look down at the street and observe what is going on down there from a whole different (analysing) perspective. This might include that in practice you don't know how to cross the street even if theoretically you had a theory about it" (Klamer, 2004). The Philips case unscientific and not very truthful as it is would certainly be an observer with a ground floor perspective as there is little real analysis and only clear straightforward solutions to problems are presented. ...read more.

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