• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Types of documentary

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Debates of the factual program format Documentary is a factual program that presents facts and information. There are few different types of documentaries such as expository, observational, fly on the wall, interactive, reflective, poetic and dramatised. There are debates within the documentaries. Are they telling the truth? Is it just the filmmakers' opinion? Does the film represent the argument fairly? While making a documentary we should think about issues like balance, impartiality, accuracy and representation. Genres and modes of address Expository documentary is considered as a classic form of documentary in which an unseen presenter gives a voice-over commentary that explains the images that we are seeing. Interviews in this mode of address tend to be subordinated to the argument within the film. Witnesses are made to contribute to the argument. Usually, the solution would be suggested to the problem. This is the most common type of documentary. One of the examples is a documentary I watched recently about the islands completely made by human in Dubai. The project is called The World. The documentary had a narrator, who never appeared in the film, and the only people who were shown were he interviewees- architects, scientists and builders. Observational documentary is a fly on the wall type of documentary. They watch or follow events rather than construct narratives for the events to follow. There are no interviews and we cannot see the filmmakers or reporters. ...read more.

Middle

Both use non- professional actors; both blend documentary filming techniques with fiction; both pictures crusade to raise awareness of the plight of illegal immigrants. The films even share the same editor. But while Winterbottom's picture is predominantly concerned with the journey, Broomfield's focuses on the treatment of Chinese immigrants once they arrive, without papers, without rights and saddled with an impossible debt to their traffickers.' The Times Debates Are documentaries telling the truth? This is one of the common debates about factual programming. In my opinion the truth in documentaries is bias. What I mean by it is that the truth is based on the thoughts and opinions of the filmmaker. Therefore the documentary becomes their truth. This now brings me to discuss objectivity within factual programming. It is very hard to make a documentary that isn't biased to one opinion and is fair towards both sides of an argument. Even though filmmakers try to be objective they will always put across their opinion in their film. Many documentaries address the audience politically, for instance factual programmes by Michael Moore. His documentaries represent only his opinion, especially in film Sicko. Furthermore, I am going to use Micheal Moore to demonstrate how controversial issues can be used to attract the audience and how they become a unique selling point of a documentary. He uses a very controversial subject such as health care in U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

Roger Friedman of Fox News called the film a "brilliant and uplifting new documentary" and praised Moore for the way in which he lets "very articulate average Americans tell their personal horror stories at the hands of insurance companies" and "criticizes both Democrats and Republicans for their inaction and in some cases their willingness to be bribed by pharmaceutical companies and insurance carriers." Film critic Stephen Schaefer of the Boston Globe described Sicko as "a very strong and very honest documentary about a health system that's totally corrupt and that is without any care for its patients." Columnist and movie reviewer Michael Medved wrote "In contrast to his previous films, Moore delivers no entertainment value in this dull, didactic downer; and, as an editorial it's so completely one-sided that it's useless with not the slightest mention that 'free' medical care actually costs tax money or any conversation with people who disagree with Moore's pro-socialized-medicine point of view." Issues Some of the issues in factual programs are accuracy, balance and impartiality. Making documentaries we need to make sure that we are as accurate as possible. We have represent and show the real facts. We cannot twist no information or lie. Being impartial within factual programming or keeping balance is slightly harder to do. Everyone has their opinion and before making the documentary, especially about controversial issues; we are already on one side of the argument. But it is important that we try to keep balance and show the another side of the argument as well. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Television section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Overall, this essay provides an informative overview of the main different documentary modes. It also offers debate on issues of truth, impartiality and balance affecting the contemporary documentary.
However, it could be greatly improved by closer references to the various texts and case studies to give it more context and by the use of media terminology.
There are some lapses in expression and grammar which at times affect the smooth flow of the essay.

Marked by teacher Nicky Twaites 01/03/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Television essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the impact of television in the 1950s and early 1960s.

    5 star(s)

    Why where television broadcasts criticised by some people in the 1960s and 1970s? Many people in Britain in the 1960s thought that many programmes on British television were poor and sub-standard. J B Priestley, a television viewer in the 60s, referred to some programmes as programmes that 'we would never leave the house and go fifty yards to see'.

  2. Is television a good or bad influence on society

    leaving the comfort of their chair and may encourage them to take a break and go away on holiday. It can show people places that they would may never be able to afford to visit in reality. There is an immense amount of sporting entertainment on TV.

  1. The fly-on-the-wall technique is also known as 'tl verit' and it meant to be ...

    Moreover the viewer gets a wrong image of the hospital and its surroundings. The hospital is standing right next to the university, and it is not right, that it is so dangerous, that you cannot even get a pizza delivered. The hospital plays a leading role in research of ...

  2. Analyse 'FRIENDS' taking into consideration, stereotyping, representation, audience and the sitcom genre.

    She later met up with Monica and is staying in her apartment, taking over Phoebe's room, as she couldn't stand Monica's cleanness any more, which resulted, to her moving. This is a stereotypical images stating that blondes have more fun and must make mess in order to be normal.

  1. The representation of men in The Jeremy Kyle show and The Maury Show

    Jeremy Kyle and Maury both use different tactics when presenting their shows, while Jeremy takes a hands on approach with his contestants, speaking to them, asking questions and making resolutions, Maury does the opposite and stands back and lets the guests make the drama and introducing the topic and problems, keeping adding detail.

  2. In this essay I will discuss three events: 9/11, the riots in Manchester 2011, ...

    in New York. By using towers in the image this also represents the location of the event, however because this newspaper was made the day after the event the audience would have already known where the event took place. The institution has selected to use this image as it represents the fear of

  1. MEDIA ANALYSIS - APPRENTICE OPENING SCENE

    The programme is set in London which is pragmatically suggesting this is the centre of business in the United Kingdom and that?s why they have gathered here. In the clip the audience are shown how busy the city is by the amount of transport and people, this could suggest that

  2. A Game Of Thrones Case Study

    There are going to be some differences between the book and the show but George R. R. Martin said that the show's pilot script was very faithful to his work and this is what made it a hit with the readers of the book that went to watch the TV adaptation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work