• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Youth Culture and the New Left of the 1960s

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Youth Culture and the New Left of the 1960s A Rebellion of Youth Many historians describe youth culture of the unturbulent 1950s as a precursor of the openly turbulent 1960s. In this view, the cultural contradictions of the 1950s,and the struggles that grew out of them,were the first shock waves of the countercultural earthquake that shook mainstream American society in the 1960s. Teen films(like James Dean�s "Rebel without a cause") and rock'n'roll musicians (like Elvis Presley) served as oppositional benchmarks for the emerging counterculture. The rebelliousness in Presley�s music and in several teen films attracted the restless youth of the 50s. The more adults condemned rock'n'roll music, the more teenagers loved it. The teens elevated the characters played by James Dean("Rebel Without a Course") or Marlon Barndo("The Wild One") to cult status, because for their overturning of respectable society�s morels. The Beats (Beatnik Society) A group of nonconformist writers known as the Beats expressed a more fundamental revolt against middleclass society. In such works as Allen Ginsberg's Howl (1956) ...read more.

Middle

They critizised his "Great Society ", his coarse personal style and above all his escalation of the Vietnam War. The initial momentum for the "New Left" was contributed by the so-called "red-diaper babys", the descendants of old-time socialists. The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) elvolved from the League for Industrial Democracy. In 1962 Tom Hayden wrote its founding document, the Port Huron Statement, which issued a call for "participatory democracy" based on non-violent civil disobedience. The New Left opposed the prevailing authority structures in society, which it termed "The Establishment," and those who rejected this authority became known as "anti-Establishment." Loosely associated with the New Left was the Berkeley Free Speech Movement which began in 1964 as a coalition of student groups at the University of California, Berkeley which opposed restrictions to political activity on campus.By the end of 1966 the SDS became a leading organization of the antiwar movement on college campuses during the Vietnam War.The most popular of SDS's rallying cries, "Make Love Not War!" ...read more.

Conclusion

whose parents used nicotine and alcoholic beverages to make it through the day and depended on amphetamines and tranquilizers, society's acceptable "uppers" and "downers." The high priest of LSD was Timothy Leary, a former Harvard psychologist fired in 1963 for encouraging students to experiment with drugs-to "tune in, turn on, drop out." Influenced by LSD's reality-bending effects, the counterculture sought a world without rules, one in which magic and mysticism replaced science and reason.Bands like The Doors of Perception and the Grateful Dead, launched the San Francisco sound of "acid rock"-the perfect marriage of "sex, drugs, and rock-and-roll." The counterculture celebrated its vision of a life of freedom and harmony for all on 3 days in August 1969, when nearly four hundred thousand young people gathered on farmland in New York's Catskill Mountains for the Woodstock festival. They reveled for three days and nights in the music of dozens of rock stars, swam nude in the lake, and openly shared drugs, sexual partners, and their-contempt for the Establishment. The counterculture heralded the festival as the dawning of an era of love and peace, the Age of Aquarius. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. The subject of this dissertation is how feminist beliefs have been expressed in alternative ...

    3.2.4 Importance of feminism in music There is another strong division over whether it is actually important for alternative groups to express pro-female views in their work. Sarah Young argues that entertainment is the sole purpose of music 'If I wanted to hear a lecture I'd go to university.'

  2. How helpful the concept of counter-culture is in understanding the changes that took place ...

    The concept of counter-culture can be applied to many things that took place in society in the sixties. The change in attitudes concerning race and gender relationships may be seen as a wider reaction, society felt towards traditional view points, as a whole.

  1. What were the main features of youth culture in the 1960s?

    There were different reactions to the "Swinging Sixties". Some people were negative, others were positive and some just reacted indifferently. Some people welcomed the "Swinging Sixties" on personal freedom and independence. Many young people could make their own decisions on important issues such as; Civil rights, The Vietnam War and CND (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament).

  2. The 1960's - source related study

    Whether this is a truth, it is not know, but it was certainly a widespread thought that television and pop culture was a "bad influence mixture." I think that simply people who did feel this way were simply not moving as fast with the times as youth, television and radio.

  1. Rock salt Experiment.

    Evaporation occurs because among the molecules near the surface of the liquid there are always some with enough heat energy to overcome the cohesion of their neighbours and escape (see adhesion and cohesion; matter).

  2. Describe popular culture in Britain at the beginning of the 1960's.

    Some of the 'problems' can also be reverted back to the Establishment, LSD, one of the most commonly used drugs of the Sixties which was formulated in 1938 and became widely used from 1942-1966 (notably by many elder generations, specifically the American upper class) but was only criminalised in 1967...

  1. The Political Effects of the Vietnam War on 1960’s Pop Culture

    This movement began on college campuses and spread cross-country. (Radical Times) The Antiwar Movement took place because people didn't understand why American soldiers were in Vietnam. People wanted the soldiers brought home. The Freedom of Speech Movement easily converted to the Antiwar Movement because of the similarity.

  2. Free essay

    The Media famously stereotypes rock culture by creating unfounded links with suicides, massacres and ...

    crews from all over the world filmed in the streets, portraying the place and its people as desperate. There were also speculations about an internet suicide cult; a website called 'bebo' was at the epicentre of this debate. The mayor of Bridgend 'Cleone Westwood' claims that there is no link between these outbursts in suicides.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work