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AS and A Level: Miscellaneous

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  1. Slow Food Movement Essay

    As a result of this, fast food companies have been using cash crops. Cash crops reduce the land which the native people of the country can use for their personal benefit, through exploitation and reduction of food production. For example, McDonald's may want a poor country to grow lettuce for them, rather than growing their original rice crops. The problem with the lettuce is that it does not feed the farmers families as it is going to McDonald's and the amount of land used to produce 1 tonne of lettuce could produce 2 tonnes of rice.

    • Word count: 1668
  2. Food Inequity and Poverty

    Many factors contribute to this issue, and one of these factors is scarcity of food. There may be little vegetation, little animals to hunt and/or no transport available to go buy food. Poor storage, destruction of supply and poor distribution of food also prevents food access for the people. Another cause of food inequity is inadequate knowledge of nutritional needs. Many people have limited education, if any, and this hinders them from the knowledge of nutritional values. This lack of understanding may prevent them from eating a sufficient variety of foods to reach nutritional content required by body.

    • Word count: 798
  3. Electronics Microcontroller (PICAXE) Project

    - The "wait 60" command makes the program wait 60 seconds before moving on to the next instruction. This is so after the program has run through, the pedestrians cannot cross again in quick succession, thus avoiding too much interruption to traffic flow. - "pin0=1" decision has two outputs: "no" loops back to the top of the decision diamond, "yes" links to the rest of program. This checks if an input switch (a button for pedestrians) has been pressed. - "wait 12" lets 12 seconds elapse until the next command, this means that the lights do not change the instant the pedestrian presses the switch.

    • Word count: 1190
  4. four theoretical models of child abuse

    This was because people began to criticize the model Evaluation of the medical model of child abuse This model of child abuse thought that abuse was a disease, and that in turn abuse was curable. The four signs and symptoms which are all stated above were stated indicated that in some families abuse can cured and also that it could be stopped. I personally believe that abuse is not a disease and therefore I also feel that there is no medication in the world which can cure abuse.

    • Word count: 1530
  5. Body Modification

    All of these are only short- term solutions to a woman's unhappiness with their appearance. They feel a sense of failure in not living up to the male-dominated cultures ideas of perfection. Last year, psychologists used computer generated composite images of about 60 different photographs of faces. They created the "average composite" from the most attractive faces and an "enhanced composite" with exaggerated features - bigger eyes and lips, higher cheekbones in the female group. The enhanced images were perceived to be the most desirable. Tattoos is more visible and difficult to hide may be less socially acceptable and more likely to represent resistance and individually.

    • Word count: 1097
  6. A Comparison of the Poverty That Exists in Canada and Zambia

    It is the Zambian people who have been made to suffer. 63.8% of the population are living on less than $1 a day and 83% are living under $2 a day. There are certain minority groups in both of these countries that suffer the most from poverty. Zambia is one of the most urbanised countries in Sub-Saharan Africa but those that do live in rural areas, largely the indigenous tribes of the Bantu people, are the ones who experience the greatest hardships with a lack of education, access to clean water and next to no health care.

    • Word count: 1186
  7. factors influencing conformity and obedience

    When a person is found in an unknown environment, without sufficient information about it. That person will look at other people's behaviour to know what the social norm is and will then behave in a similar way. People need information about they're environment to feel comfortable. An example of this would be, if you were waiting at the traffic light to cross with a group of people, but you couldn't see the lights change. You would cross the road when the rest of people crossed the road. This would be an example of an individual looking at other peoples behaviour to find the right thing to do.

    • Word count: 1482
  8. crime and its effects on society

    So it is in everyone's best interest to support the witness service as good witnesses mean they will be less criminals on the street. The witness service can not discuss the case or the evidence that the witness is going to give, they can only talk about this to the police or the legal representatives. In some cases the witnesses can be intimidated, this is when the defendant tries to frighten the witness or maybe there family to stop them giving evidence.

    • Word count: 1422
  9. Explain what is meant by Conformity and Obedience

    There are a number of Reasons for this Third of all someone will regard themselves as belonging to a group if their behaviour Conforms, or is the same as, that of the group. Key concepts of conformity is that there is no clear or direct requirement to act in a certain way � It is normally friends/family who influence us � Conformity regulates the behaviour among those of equal status e.g. posh backgrounds treat each other well and share the same views where as a poor background is mostly about who is the biggest and hardest and don't care what

    • Word count: 804
  10. Analytical Methods to Analyse Building Services

    This is an important concept in engineering, especially in the fields of material science, mechanical engineering and structural engineering. - Compressive Stress is when a structure is compressed or squashed and the actual length of the material is shortened. Examples of areas that suffer from compressive stress are columns and walls. If a material is weakened because of compression then it can become brittle and very unstable Pictures from http://en.wikipedia.org Shear strength (stress) in engineering is a term used to describe the strength of a material or component against the type of yield or structural failure where the material or component fails in shear.

    • Word count: 1353
  11. Planning, Design and Production Phases of the Construction Industry

    Other aspects such as the location of the building and factors which could affect access to the buildings. On the site used in this project the A12, (a busy major road), would be a big factor that could affect the design elements of the project. The timescale of the project, when does the building need to be finished by? And lastly what budget does the client have and can the project be completed within it. > Feasibility; at this stage the client has definitely introduced an architect and he can now produce a report showing any adjustments he has made

    • Word count: 4610
  12. Investigating The Use of Pectinase

    Pectinases are obtained commercially from fungi, particularly Aspergillus. Pectinase is in a particular class of enzymes and is known as a hydrolase, these are enzymes that are present when catalyzing reactions between water and a substrate. During a process like this water is bonded to certain molecules and molecules are also broken up into smaller units (as shown in diagram). Simply, pectin, along with cellulose and proteins, is found in the cell walls of such fruits as apples and oranges and the enzyme pectinase breaks down pectin. So it makes sense to say that pectinase breaks down plant cell walls, which, evidently produces more fruit juice, this way,

    • Word count: 5811
  13. BTEC Buisness Effective People Communication Pass 3

    This would have been used in many businesses up until 15 years ago or even less but since the rise of computers they are soon becoming obsolete with scanners and emailing. This would be used for businesses communicating and customers also. Video Conferencing A videoconference is a set of interactive telecommunication technologies which allow two or more locations to interact via two-way video and audio transmissions simultaneously. This would be used by franchises global businesses that have to be in many countries communicating to shareholders and important stakeholders.

    • Word count: 815
  14. Current affares

    There are some controls on the way the media report issues but generally it is self-regulated. The main thing that stops the media reporting the facts in totally the wrong way is that they can get sued for a lot of money. Although the media don't generally report anything that is untrue, it can express the personal views of the reporter or the editor. The media can be very influential by deciding what to report and what not to. When I was researching my assignment I found that some newspapers have "Blog" sites on the Internet where the public can make their own comments on the reports (e.g.

    • Word count: 2384
  15. Employment in the public services

    The Royal Army Roles of the Army The role of an organisation is what it does on a day-to-day basis. The Army has a variety of roles to perform. It is one of the three armed forces that defend our borders on the ground. The borders they defend are those of the UK and although they are prepared for battle, they try to keep the peace at all costs. The UK has allies in other countries like France, the USA etc.

    • Word count: 2129
  16. ROLLS-ROYCE TRENT 900: A MILESTONE IN AERO-ENGINE WORLD

    to schedule in October 2004. On the 18 January 2005 the A380 was revealed in Toulouse with four Trent 900 engines installed, in preparation for the first flight of the A380 in 2005. The Trent 900 has also been selected as the launch engine for the A380, which enters service in 2007 with Singapore Airlines. * Trent 900 market information The Trent has achieved significant commercial success, being the launch engine for all three 787 variants, the A380 and A350. Its overall share of the markets in which it competes is around 40%.

    • Word count: 926
  17. International Perspectives

    The area bellow shows where Al Qaeda operates from, Southern Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan, an area which is very mountainous and is dominated by the Pashto tribesman, who form large elements of the Taliban in the area. The known Techniques used by Al Qaeda This organisation is known to have used suicide bombings most notably the bombings of the Twin Towers in New York on September the 11th 2001, Al Qaeda hijacked four commercial airliners full with passengers, with which two struck the twin towers, one hit the Pentagon and Flight 93, which was thought to be headed to the Whitehouse crashed in a field in Pennsylvania due to intervention by the captive hostages.

    • Word count: 1885
  18. Production Process

    Lighting designer Your role within the theatre is to work with the director, set designer, costume designer, sound designer and choreographer to create an overall 'look' for the show in response to the text, while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety and cost. You must also take into consideration the physical constraints of the production when choosing equipment. You will also work closely with the stage manager on show control programming. You will oversee the work of a team of technicians.

    • Word count: 2310
  19. My World in Poetry

    I looked to poetry as a focus to bringing out everything inside my head, every thought that defines me. And so, as I attempt to do the same, I look to poetry once again. Beginning this journey, I enter my room, the sun glowing through my window shades and illuminating the peony walls. I search for my journal, soon discovering a red spiral notebook, with my pen attached. To make sure it still worked, I scribble on the back of the notebook, finding it to be almost out of ink from all the writing it had done; but just enough left for me to continue.

    • Word count: 509
  20. What evidence is there that children(TM)s development is influenced by play with siblings and peers?

    Children's relationship with their siblings usually last longer, and are often more significant and unique, than other family relationships. Schaffer (2003) explains how we can examine children's different relationships in terms of the balance of knowledge and power. A parent/child relationship usually involves interactions such as the child asking for help or guidance, these are thought to be complementary roles whereas peer relationships are characterised by similar levels of knowledge and power, making interactions more of a reciprocal process. Sibling relationships however can have features of both as they can act as both a guide and as a friend.

    • Word count: 2196
  21. Children are active in constructing their own learning.

    This is known as classical conditioning as the dogs showed a conditioned response by associating the bell with food. Extending upon Pavlov's work, Watson (1924) demonstrated, through his 'Little Albert' experiment, which involved conditioning a 9 month old child to fear a white rat, using loud noises -, that humans will also respond to stimuli in the same way. This experiment showed that we can condition emotional responses, such as fear but the ethics of the experiment are criticized. Nowadays, Behaviourism is associated with Skinner (1905-1990). By devising experiments such as 'Skinners box' (an enclosure for examining animal conditioning, where the animal will usually press a bar to obtain a reward or punishment)

    • Word count: 2165
  22. EVERYTHING THAT IS LEGAL IS NOT NECESSARILY ETHICAL' CRITICALLY DISCUSS THIS STATEMENT,

    bodies, which have responsibility for children's welfare until children or young people are of an age or deemed mature enough to give consent themselves. Whether or not the young person is mature enough is based upon the extent to which the child understands all aspects of the research. In Gillick v W Norfolk and Wisbech AHA (1985) in Masson (2004) a child who demonstrated 'sufficient understanding' was permitted to consent to medical treatment against her parent's wishes. One further point to consider is that researchers also need to be aware that legally, a gatekeeper's role is to allow access for

    • Word count: 2400
  23. Mutual Fund

    So the two basic and most sought for features, those of return safety and quantum of returns were being handsomely taken care of. Though certainly not the most efficient systems in terms of service standards and liquidity, these have still managed to attract the attention of small, retail investors. However, with the government announcing its intention of reducing the interest rates in small savings options, this avenue is expected to lose some of the investors. Public Provident Funds act as options to save for the post retirement period for most people and have been considered good option largely due to

    • Word count: 26480
  24. Why might figures for recorded crime underestimate the actual amount of crime that takes place? (Open Uni; Youth Scheme, 30 credit points)

    Culture and time play a large part in deciding what is right and wrong. Over time, what was once considered acceptable may be considered wrong, and vice versa. This essay will look at how figures for crime over the years and at the present may have been underestimated. Many statistics will show an overall increase in crime over time. Crime has increased since the 1880s quite dramatically, with rapid acceleration in crime rates in certain eras. Crimes recorded by the police 1878-2000 (Maguire, 1997, p158; Social Trends, 2002) show that between 1955 and 1964, crime rates doubled, and this occurred again in 1977 and 1991.

    • Word count: 938

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