• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Affirmative Action

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a program or set of policies that regulate and try to eliminate both present and past discrimination against minority groups for their race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. It is an example of a race-specific policy that recognizes specific racial groups as having long endured racial discrimination and prejudice against them. Groups advocating affirmative action argue that color-blind policies which support the notion that all groups be treated alike regardless of their race, gender, or social status do not work in today's society. The argument supporting the failure of color-blind policies is based upon the fact that Caucasians and other dominant social groups do not begin at the same social level as other minority groups. However, as the government attempts to create an egalitarian society and a culture defined by equal opportunity for everyone, are there groups that feel more negative effects than positive ones as affirmative action is enforced in the institutions of society? This issue is constantly being debated between both political and social groups. ...read more.

Middle

to 15.4%, the percentage of blacks in law school grew from below 1 to 7.5%, and the percentage of blacks in medical school increased from 2.2 to 8.1%. It has granted more opportunities for underprivileged students to receive a higher education. In addition to giving more opportunities to men and women that have been disadvantaged due to generational racism, colleges and universities see affirmative action as a way to improve their diversity of students on campus. For example, The University of Washington has used "socio-economical factors" to establish the acceptance status of the applicants. "Students from poorer families and school districts or who have had economic hardships earn extra points in the admissions process" (Arnold).This concludes that gender and race have proven to have some influence over whether or not a student will be accepted. In addition to the positive effect it has had on minorities in schools, affirmative action has also enabled minorities such as women to make great strides in the work force. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Wikimedia). Also an example of reverse discrimination present in the higher education system is the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case of 1978. In this court case, a young Caucasian man applying to the University of California medical school was denied admission based upon his race. He was denied his acceptance two times as a result of the University upholding its 16% minority acceptance quota. He also seemed more qualified with a higher grade point average than the other minority students that were admitted (Columbia Encyclopedia). However, the ruling on this case did help to rid the affirmative action system from using minority quotas when determining college acceptance. In conclusion, it is possible that with an attempt to rectify the generational oppression against minority racial groups, the government might have actually created a reverse discrimination problem without even realizing it. It is true that society needs to be aware of minority groups being excluded based upon their educational and social disadvantages. However, society as a whole must also recognize the negative effects it could bring upon just as deserving people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. crime and its effects on society

    Sentencing and orders The first thing that happens to offenders is that they are sent to court for there sentence, the courts can't just give any sentence they want, they must use a set of guidelines provided for them by the sentencing advisory panel which sets out suitable sentences for certain offences.

  2. The Diversity of the Leisure Industry

    Also, passive leisure varies with each culture. The 2006 Social Report found that in Europe 51% visited an art gallery, 39% has seen a popular live performance, 30% had seen a theatrical performance, and 14% had visited a marae in the last twelve months.

  1. Explain why blacks disagreed in the 1960s about the best way to gain civil ...

    Similarly, Malcom X's methods were not also successful. In celebrating black peoples individuality, and being openly racist towards white people, he alienated them. As it was white people who were in positions of power, it made him make any real changes in the law or government.

  2. Leisure Studies- Unit 5- A02

    Bachelors are more likely visit a lively pub with friends for drinks and a lively night out involving quite a lot of drinking rather than just a quiet drink. Pubs are good for an individuals health because it allows them to socialise with friends and family.

  1. "Why has there been a substantial increase in the adopted population of children born ...

    Interviewer: Can you describe the process you went through and possible the costs involved? R: It was really long. There was a lot of paper work and legal issues to sort out. We had to go through a series of interviews which took about 3 months to make sure that we qualified and to discuss countries and the paperwork.

  2. Customer experience management in UK higher education

    The introduction of tuition fees will force universities to act as a service provider and be responsive to student requirements. Similarly, the introduction of tuition fees may change students approach to education from that of a recipient of a free service to that of a consumer.

  1. Eugenics and Discrimination

    As long as people are born, have a heart and a soul; no one could possibly have the right to label them as "mistakes" and take their chances of life away from them. What eugenics aimed was exactly this: the creation of a pure and perfect human race by deleting the mistakes.

  2. Communication in todays society

    Moreover, Walters (2007) also states that: "for many executives, issues such as building a culture of ethics, social responsibility, and sustainability are paramount, along with traditional priorities of financial health, quality, productivity, and furthering of the company's vision and values. The realization of any and all of these issues relies upon a different level of attention to deliberate, strategic, and skilful communication."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work