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Affirmative Action

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Introduction

Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a program or set of policies that regulate and try to eliminate both present and past discrimination against minority groups for their race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. It is an example of a race-specific policy that recognizes specific racial groups as having long endured racial discrimination and prejudice against them. Groups advocating affirmative action argue that color-blind policies which support the notion that all groups be treated alike regardless of their race, gender, or social status do not work in today's society. The argument supporting the failure of color-blind policies is based upon the fact that Caucasians and other dominant social groups do not begin at the same social level as other minority groups. However, as the government attempts to create an egalitarian society and a culture defined by equal opportunity for everyone, are there groups that feel more negative effects than positive ones as affirmative action is enforced in the institutions of society? This issue is constantly being debated between both political and social groups. ...read more.

Middle

to 15.4%, the percentage of blacks in law school grew from below 1 to 7.5%, and the percentage of blacks in medical school increased from 2.2 to 8.1%. It has granted more opportunities for underprivileged students to receive a higher education. In addition to giving more opportunities to men and women that have been disadvantaged due to generational racism, colleges and universities see affirmative action as a way to improve their diversity of students on campus. For example, The University of Washington has used "socio-economical factors" to establish the acceptance status of the applicants. "Students from poorer families and school districts or who have had economic hardships earn extra points in the admissions process" (Arnold).This concludes that gender and race have proven to have some influence over whether or not a student will be accepted. In addition to the positive effect it has had on minorities in schools, affirmative action has also enabled minorities such as women to make great strides in the work force. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Wikimedia). Also an example of reverse discrimination present in the higher education system is the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case of 1978. In this court case, a young Caucasian man applying to the University of California medical school was denied admission based upon his race. He was denied his acceptance two times as a result of the University upholding its 16% minority acceptance quota. He also seemed more qualified with a higher grade point average than the other minority students that were admitted (Columbia Encyclopedia). However, the ruling on this case did help to rid the affirmative action system from using minority quotas when determining college acceptance. In conclusion, it is possible that with an attempt to rectify the generational oppression against minority racial groups, the government might have actually created a reverse discrimination problem without even realizing it. It is true that society needs to be aware of minority groups being excluded based upon their educational and social disadvantages. However, society as a whole must also recognize the negative effects it could bring upon just as deserving people. ...read more.

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