• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess and evaluate the relationship between religion and social change

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse and evaluate the relationship between religion and social change. 40 marks. There are two views at which are assessed when analysing the relationship between religion and social change. One being that religion is an initiator of social change and the other view therefore, being that religion inhibits social change. The views as to whether sociologists believe religion does or does not cause social change will be discussed below. Firstly I will discuss the views at which believe religion is a force of conservatism, in that it prohibits change. Such beliefs originate from both functionalists and Marxists. Although they both believe it hinders social change they interpret it differently. Functionalists believe that religion socializes its members through installing shared norms, values and traditions which prevents change as it promotes integrity and social solidarity. Functionalists such as Durkheim and Parsons argue that life is impossible without the shared norms, values and traditions enforced within society and without them society would fail. ...read more.

Middle

However, within modern society this has now changed and the above are widely accepted. Other criticisms of the Marxist view is that again it fails to recognised the increase of secularization and how religion can be used to oppose the ruling class, suggested for by Neo-Marxists. Neo-Marxists believe that religion does not always act as a conservative force. Yet, it can be seen to cause radical change. Promoting this idea is Otto Maduro. He found that priests began to revolt against the ideologies of the bourgeoisie and helped those who had been oppressed within society to help relieve their grievances. This happened particularly within Latin America in the Somoza regime. This then caused Christianity and Marxism to fuse together, which was known as the 'liberation theology'. Another sociologist who installs the idea that religion is a force for social change is Max Weber. Weber suggests that Calvinism (non-conformist Protestants) had caused the arising of capitalism through the protestant work ethic. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lastly, is the belief of social change through fundamentalism. Fundamentalism is the idea that the ideas within modern society are wrong and that previous ideas and traditional values of religion need to be reinstalled and returned to the way they believe it should be. This is a force for social change as it is predating the existence of religion. Yet, they want to prevent further change within modern society. To conclude, the ideologies both show how religion can be a force for social change, yet it can also prevent it. I believe that whether religion can change society or not very much depends on the values you believe. It is shown in the arguments outlined above that depending on which society you live in religion can be a factor as to whether it changes society or not. For example Marxists believe that the bourgeoisie reproduces the interests of their own and create a false class consciousness for those who are not powerful and prevent the working class from rebelling. However, in places such as Latin America, religion can be a cause for social change to help those being oppressed within society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. Planning, Design and Production Phases of the Construction Industry

    with the Organisational Flow Chart to highlight the teams that are involved with the individual sections of the work. - When a project is particularly large it can be very confusing for contractors to know who to take instructions from, this can lead to very bad communication between the senior members of staff and the workers on site.

  2. Investigating The Use of Pectinase

    However, this is only up to 40�C, after this, the average volume of juice produced decreases. Therefore, I can state that the optimum temperature of pectinase is definitely between 31�C and 49�C inclusive. This is because an increase in temperature caused an increase in kinetic energy that led to a greater possibility of the enzyme and substrate binding.

  1. Media in society

    Again, the broadsheet offers singular pictures, rather than several images to portray the news. This emphasises that the broadsheet is more fact and more formal. The colour scheme is also of a certain tone and colour following each story. This brings attention to the finer points and is less appealing than the actual read.

  2. Describe and evaluate the changing nature of the social work role & discuss different ...

    The COS took a strong ethical approach to this and set out to differentiate between those who really needed empathy through no fault of their own and those who were poor through self infliction. COS then began to work with individual families to improve their situations.

  1. Outline Stanislavski(TM)s concept of emotion memory and assess it(TM)s usefulness as part of the ...

    Stanislavki expanded this idea of stimuli causing memories to return and activate the appropriate emotions, and incorporated it into his 'system'. In introducing this method, his system became much more psychological, engaging the depths of the actors conscience with the given role.

  2. Maslow and Social Services

    Maslow believed that, unlike the lower stages of the model, this level could never be fully satisfied as there would always be opportunities to grow and develop further. In his words, "what a man can be, he must be." (Maslow, 1943 p.382).

  1. Dawkins and Theology

    The next paragraph of Dawkins is no better as it is again, filled with rhetoric and scientific achievements. Dawkins tells of theology as deciding that pestilence is due to the wages of sin, however, this dated outlook on religion does not configure with modern theologians views on many aspects of theology.

  2. Communication in todays society

    Communication is also like water. We many take it for granted. But it's what gives us life, and makes everything else flow. Effective groups and teams are pertinent to organizational successes as much organizational work is completed by groups and teams rather than individuals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work