• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Body Modification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Body Modification Perfect/imperfect; cultural values and the body How the NHS funding of body modification reflects our attitudes and values towards the body... To fund or not to fund?? Body modification and adornment is a universal culture. All civilizations have attempted to change their body in order to fulfil their cultural construct of beauty, religious and/or social obligations. Many activities in society involve intentionally harming one's own body, such as tattoos, piercings, and cosmetic surgery. These are seen as acceptable ways to cope with feelings, and express emotions. If a woman is unhappy with her body, and wants bigger breasts, she can go to a doctor and have the operation done. Many other types of cosmetic surgeries are on the rise as well: liposuction, silicone implants in the lips and buttocks, and face lifts. All of these are only short- term solutions to a woman's unhappiness with their appearance. ...read more.

Middle

On April the 26th a girl of just 17 received a 'boob job' on the NHS to help deal with the stress and pressure of having small breasts. It cost the NHS over �4,000 to carry out the procedure which wouldn't usually be done on a person under the age of 18 as her body hasn't finished developing. "It is worryingly easy to get a free boob job at an age when you might not be ready for it," News of the World quoted her as saying. A spokeswoman, Susie Squire said "The NHS is struggling to provide basic and life-saving surgery". This comment suggests that the attitude towards the NHS funding cosmetic body modifications is quite negative and not socially accepted. Another comment also demonstrated this attitude "Cancer drugs should always come above boob jobs. Some serious questions need to be asked about the spending priorities of this NHS trust". ...read more.

Conclusion

When deciding if a person is entitled to a nose job on the NHS there is a basis on which the decision is made which involves the nose being measured to determine if it is in proportion with the face. Breast reduction can also be decided in this way, by measuring the body and asking is it in proportion or should surgery be used, long term effects would also be looked at. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) says that surgery should be offered surgery on the NHS for people who are morbidly obese. This is a technical term for people who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more. BMI is a calculation which compares a person's weight with their height. A BMI of 20-25 is considered healthy and NICE has recommended that surgery should be an option for adults who have received intensive management in a specialised hospital obesity clinic and who have failed to respond to all other forms of treatment. It is expected to cost the NHS an extra �21m over the next eight years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. crime and its effects on society

    * Drug treatment and testing order- the probation service monitor drug rehabilitation and give compulsory drug testing. * Community rehabilitation order- this is where the offender has to meet with a probation officer to talk about how there behaviour has been.

  2. Customer experience management in UK higher education

    (Entwistle 2000 169) CRM schemes endow clients to combine with the enterprise in an individualised, need-specific kind, and encompass methods to convey simultaneously data about both the clientele and the business. The jobs presented by CRM schemes drop into two major localities - operational and analytical.

  1. how desirable is censorship?

    This type of censorship is usually seen in Middle Eastern countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia. Another material which is usually censored is obscene or vulgar materials like pornography, or usage of foul languages. In most of the countries pornography is legal for adults and is only banned for children under the age of 18.

  2. Mutual Fund

    the fact that returns were higher than most other options and also helped people gain from tax benefits under various sections. This option too is likely to lose some of its sheen on account of reduction in the rates offered.

  1. "Why has there been a substantial increase in the adopted population of children born ...

    " Interviewee A also believes "that it's because the inter-country adoption process is more open to all types of people". My survey revealed that of the 30 people surveyed, 65 % of those individuals asked said that they would consider inter-country adoption.

  2. how children are affected by ill health

    (Tassoni. P. et Al. 2002. p.284). * They could be clingy which "is common as children are often feeling frightened and uncertain" when they are ill. (Green, S. 2006. p.447). It is therefore important to talk to the child and reassure them, and Penny Tassoni states, "if children are worried about their illness they will show

  1. Ownership of the T & T industry

    There are many museums around the UK that are available for the public to enjoy, some of the most popular ones are the National Gallery which is an Art museum in London, there's also the British museum which is host to one of the biggest collections of art in the world and it is also in London.

  2. Surgical Instruments Left Inside Of Patients after Surgery

    ?pong?? w?r? found up to 30 y??r? ?ft?r ?urg?ry. No ?xp?rim?nt?l ?vid?nc? ?ddr????? dir?ctly th? probl?m of r?t?in?d for?ign bodi?? ?ft?r ?urg?ry, but th??? ?v?nt? occur b?c?u?? of f?ulty proc????? of c?r? in th? OR ?nd poor communic?tion ?mong p?riop?r?tiv? c?r? p?r?onn?l.4 ?x?mpl?? of f?ulty proc????? of c?r? includ?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work