• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

causes of ill health in children

Extracts from this document...


Child Health- Task 2 Jodie Bloomer There are many causes and types of illness in children. These include- accidents, disease, genetics, environmental, microbes, lifestyle, and abuse or neglect. Causative factors are commonly classed as factors caused before birth (antenatal), during birth (perinatal), and after birth (postnatal). Before birth, or antenatal factors include hereditary, and health and lifestyle issues of the mother, such as smoking, diet, infections, gas or chemical inhalation, substance use and the mother's age. Hereditary factors are caused through genetics and are passed from one, or both of the parents to the child, or in some cases they can miss a generation so the parents may be healthy but the baby could be born with a disorder or medical condition with special needs. Examples of hereditary disorders are- Spina Bifida (a neural tube defect), Cystic Fibrosis (affects the respiratory and digestive systems), Sickle-cell Anaemia (an inherited blood disorder), and Down's syndrome (a chromosomal disorder). Health and lifestyle issues before birth can be causes of illness and Carolyn Meggitt states, "preconceptual care involves both partners cutting known risks before trying to conceive, so that they can create the best conditions for the embryo to grow and develop into a healthy baby." ...read more.


(Meggitt, C. 2001. p.15). The mother's age is also a causative factors before birth of childhood illness as "first-time mother's over the age of 35 run a risk of having a baby with a chromosomal abnormality." (Meggitt, C. 2001. p.13). These include Down's syndrome. It is also more likely for there to be problems if it is a woman's first pregnancy, for example neural tube defects and pre-eclampsia which could cause harm to the baby. After birth, or postnatal factors that could cause illness in children include accidents, lifestyle and poverty, and abuse and neglect. Penny Tassoni states, "according to Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT), an estimated 10,000 children a year are left disabled as a result of accidents." (Tassoni, P. et Al. 2002. p.175). For example, a child may fall down the stairs or off a trampoline and could get a brain injury. Or a child could be involved in an accident that results in a sensory impairment. Minor accidents could also cause illness and could result in the child having time off school. "Many of the factors which adversely affect child health are closely interrelated, and can be seen as a cycle of deprivation. ...read more.


Health promotion is a form of health education which can teach people the importance of health and safety and ways to avoid bad health. All of the health educators use education as a tool to help people understand, this may be through 1-1 conversations, using facts and statistics, giving written information sheets, or by supplying people with books or websites, etc where they can find out information themselves. Health promotion programmes are commonplace in today's society. These aim to educate people and change their views and attitudes, in order to protect their health and the health of those around them, in particular, children. To prevent illness as a result of accidents safety measures should be in place, such as fire guards and stair gates. These can help prevent accidents which can cause illness. Respiratory conditions could be prevented by parents not smoking around children, and by improving living conditions so that children do not live in damp housing. Providing children with a sensible diet will also help to prevent illness as they will receive the nutrients needed to fight viruses and bacteria in their immune systems. It is also necessary to talk to children and observe and record any odd behaviour or indicators of abuse as this could help prevent illness if it is recognised in time and the child is protected. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. four theoretical models of child abuse

    Another point within this model of abuse is that it believed children who were abused themselves would infact abuse somebody else. However, I believe that this is not necessarily the case, and that it doesn't follow this pattern. People who have been abused will often feel that abusing their own children is wrong because of how it made them feel.

  2. Effective Practice in safeguarding Children within a Multidisciplinary Approach.

    The child in question has rights during the decision-making process, depending on their age. In some cases, the practitioner's role is to attend case conferences in order to work in collaboration with all the multi-disciplinary agencies. Confidentiality is also vital.

  1. Custodial Care

    The aim is to reduce the intensity, frequency and duration of negative emotions which are related to their offence. These emotions include anger, anxiety and jealousy.

  2. Customer experience management in UK higher education

    The software programs that assist and support this administration are often called CRM systems. (Harvey 2003 34) The management processes that are based on CRMs are undoubtedly at the forefront in terms of strategy not only in terms of marketing, but also in the medium term, the economic and financial level.

  1. Investigating The Use of Pectinase

    I have chosen to do this because the reaction time at some temperatures may be very long and could make some results difficult to compare. In addition, since I will be investigating temperature change, I have chosen a range of 50�C, this being from 20�C to 70�C.


    up the babies iron stores for the first six months after birth. If the mother does not get enough iron she may become anaemic which increases the chances of the baby having a low birth weight.

  1. Cellphones and Car accidents

    Almost all the accidents occur either to vehicle malfunctioning or a careless driver driving recklessly. The cell phones have taken the spotlight for grabbing the driver?s attention. More and more accidents happen due to people talking on their cell phones.

  2. Personal statement - chemical engineering

    I discovered ways in which chemical engineers can work together with other scientists to potentially enhance human life, such as working with physicians to develop artificial materials and organs for the body. Knowing that I could be involved in this and a number of other truly astounding processes in the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work