• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Human Behaviour 1, Explain the various approaches to psychology and the people who pioneered them

Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  • Essay length: 1663 words
  • Submitted: 12/03/2008
Share this essay:
AS and A Level Miscellaneous

The first 200 words of this essay...

Task 1 - Explain the various approaches to psychology and the people who pioneered them

Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and it's activities, both normal and abnormal. (Collins Dictionary)

There are four main approaches to psychology. These are:

1. Behaviourist

2. Psychoanalytic

3. Humanistic

4. Cognitive

The behaviourist approach

This approach is said to have been started by Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), J.B. Watson (1878-1958), and B.F. Skinner (1904-1990). This theory argues that all human behaviour is caused by something else. This means that 'behaviour is just a response to a stimulus'. They also believe that behaviour can be scientifically tested under reproduced conditions. This was the first ever serious attempt to make psychology into a proper science.

Behaviourism does not concern the mind, consciousness or thoughts. It is only concerned with actions. Below are famous studies that impacted on the behaviourist approach and who pioneered them.

Pavlov

Pavlov discovered Classic conditioning. During his research he discovered that the presence of the lab technician that fed the dogs (he experimented on animals) that the dogs salivated more, even when the technician wasn't going to

Read more
The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

  • "
    Great educational tool, really useful and really helps teach students about how to write and structure their coursework.
    "
    George Boustred English, Maths, Science, Resistant Materials, History, Music. GCSE Student
  • "
    A fantastic website, it's also convenient to use, user-friendly, and has excellent customer services.
    "
    Lex Fawste. English, Biology, Physics, Maths, and Chemistry. A Level Student.

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.