• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

the great girl deficit, in india

Extracts from this document...


Report Aim The following report investigates the major problems that account for the great 'girl deficit' in India, a situation which has noticeably developed over the last 20 years. UNICEF, the leading advocate for children's rights which is active in 155 countries and territories around the world has looked into the situation discovering that more than 10 million female births have been lost to abortion and sex selection over the last 20 years approximating to a loss of 500,000 girls a year. In this report I intend to underline the current situation and the key factors that account for India's 'girl deficit', where it is most common and why and what can be done to provide stability in the figures and prevent further decline. Through statistical analysis the situation is clearly shown to be on the increase which stimulates a cause for concern for the future of India's female population if the reasons behind the girl deficit are not addressed immediately. As the second most populous country in the world, India's sex ratio takes a staggering setback relative to this as India itself has the lowest figures of sex ratios in the world. Statistics * The census of 1991 records the lowest ever value in India's sex ratio. * It is estimated that 10 million female foetuses have been terminated in the two decades leading up to 1998, and 5 million since 1994 the year a ban on the practice was introduced. ...read more.


> Education It has been statistically proven that with increasing female literacy rates there is a significant decrease in child mortality as better educated mothers are less likely to favour boys more than girls. Thus they can maximise their offsprings' life chances because they are most likely to make fuller use of medical facilities. Therefore education and most probably awareness of equality is a factor that contributes to the problem of the girl deficit. > Income levels Surprisingly, when it comes to low income levels this does not become a factor of the problem, however against common expectations, selective abortion is most common among India's elite and richer population as evidence suggests that poorer families discriminate less against girls than richer families do. Richer families can afford many trips to the ultrasound clinics and a covered up abortion of an unwanted girl which leads up to the fact that there is a greater number in abortions in richer communities than poorer ones. For example in the wealthy district of Kurukshetra, the sex ratio is 770 girl babies to every 1000 boy babies. So the concluding point here to take note of is that a combination of economic growth, reduced poverty and modernisation may well pose as a threat to the life chances of female babies and put girls and women at a greater disadvantage. Possible factors that could contribute to the problem There are some factors that do not contribute to the problem such as religion ...read more.


* Awareness Lack of awareness of the consequences of a girl deficit can be considered as the main root of the problem. No doubt if there were advertisements such as notices on billboards or television adverts discouraging selective abortions, or any other means of pointing out the consequences there would be a decrease in the imbalance of sex ratios in regions of India. Therefore one proposal to tackle this problem concerns spreading awareness of the issue and the current situation as well as what the potential future looks like for the children of India and what can be done to resolve the problem. * Education As it has been statistically proven that with high female literacy rates there is a significant decrease in infant mortality. The apparent method that needs to be put forward to tackle this problem would be to encourage more females to maintain an education. However, this brings in to prospect the issue of women's rights and their right to an education. Existing campaigners, such as women's rights activists are already trying to tackle this problem Conclusion The problem of a girl deficit in India seems to be far from being resolved as rising numbers in female foeticides and abortions indicate a deteriorating future for today's generation of children in India. Overall, the government of India is not doing enough to tackle this problem to the best of its ability. Issues such as a firmer ban/fine, awareness and education need to be addressed. Saeema Hawaldar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. Slow Food Movement Essay

    The Slow food movement originated in Italy in 1986 as an attempt to combat fast food through opposing the opening of a McDonald's restaurant near the Spanish steps in Rome. This movement was founded by Carlo Petrini and declares that it maintains cultural cuisine and related plants and animals as well as farming within an ecoregion.

  2. Effective Practice in safeguarding Children within a Multidisciplinary Approach.

    The Foundation Stage Curriculum also has different areas of learning which supports teaching of children across the curriculum which enables children to be assertive and able to say 'no'. There are other learning opportunities and resources that can be used to reinforce the teaching of safety and well-being for children.

  1. Customer experience management in UK higher education

    Marketing - Data warehousing and data mining facilitate analysis, enabling us to discover unanticipated relationships and patterns of consumption and behaviour. They are, as mentioned, identified consumer profiles, assisting in decision making; 4. Consistency and interoperability - database of clients and business events that all applications using the platform and keep updated.

  2. Investigating The Use of Pectinase

    This also supports my initial hypothesis, that after the optimum point, the activity rate of the enzyme will begin to decrease. Furthermore, the range of this experiment is 1.06cm3 so the results from repeats were not too different. Looking at the experiment at 60�C, I can see that the total

  1. Forensic Photography: Selection of Equipment'

    A tripod would also be necessary to stop any blurring and shaking. The lens that would be required for this scene is the wide angle lens as the factory would be a very large area and to capture all of it a wide angled lens would have to be used.


    It is also needed for night vision. 700 micro grams are required daily and higher requirements are needed during the third trimester which the foetus is rapidly growing. Good sources include red, yellow, orange and green fruit and vegetables. However, retinol should be avoided as high amounts can build up in the liver of the foetus and cause damage.

  1. Analyse the factors that influence the interaction undertaken (D2)

    Assumptions This affected the communication in a positive way. This was because the assumptions I used were based around working with children that are younger then myself therefore before I conducted my interactions I was able to prepare on the ways u should and can speak to children to address

  2. How does building policy in Wales compare with policy in Scotland in terms of ...

    I found many builds were improving energy efficiency by building to Passive House principles, where the house is almost air tight by use of extensive insulation. One example of this technique in Wales is the plans for an eco-hamlet in Neath, South Wales.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work