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AS and A Level: Music

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 10
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  1. What is musical genius?

    This essay will not be defining musical genius, and instead will be exploring what it is that gives us the ability to create beautiful music, including the effects of history, genetics, intelligence, upbringing and faith. Claims of 'nature over nurture' or 'nurture over nature' have always been subjects of debate amongst both mothers and scholars. It has now, after many years of research, been scientifically proven (through studies of twins separated at birth) that neither party is right: nature accounts for roughly only 50 per cent of a child's ability2, be that musical or not.

    • Word count: 2795
  2. A Comparative Analytical Commentary of Debussys Syrinx and Prlude l'Aprs-midi d'un Faune

    This creates an effect which is very distinct from traditional tonal harmony, reinforcing the "exotic" and "mysterious" image of Pan. The use of a solo flute is an effective choice for this piece of music. The instrument perhaps most closely imitates the panflute and the desolate sound conveys the loneliness of the Greek God. Indeed, many performers of this piece choose to play in a large open space, where the acoustics would create natural reverb from the solo flute voice and add to the effect of being alone.

    • Word count: 2301
  3. The Spinstresss nightingale - CriticalAnalysis

    My heart is clear and pure, My god reunite us. Since you have left me, The nightingale sings, I'm thinking by her sound, How we were together. May god reunite us Here I'm spinning so alone, The moon shines clear and pure, I sing and want to cry. Fabien Kunzler English Translation Analysis Clemens Brentano composed the romantic poem "Der Spinnerin Nachtlied" in 1802. The German poem came into existence just after the initiation of the French Revolution in 1789, during "a time of great revolutions" (Capistrano School, 2008: Romantic Period)

    • Word count: 2379
  4. Twentieth-Century Ballet Music

    It is fair to say that Diaghilev played an extremely imperative function in the achievement of the troupe, and in fact had an enormous influence on modern music in general. Serge Diaghilev has been described as having a "majestic personality"3 by Lydia Sokolova, a former dancer for Diaghilev, who was said to have been "scared stiff" at the meeting of him for the first time. Yet throughout the time they spent together, Sokolova tells of how she "seldom heard him raise his voice"4.

    • Word count: 2170
  5. Dj equipment

    HOWEVER .Vinyls are far more expensive to buy than CD's or MP3 downloads and it is therefore more difficult to build a collection of audio due to the extra expense. .The quality of the audio will degrade slightly each time the vinyl is played as some of the vinyl is worn away, effectively giving your vinyl tunes a shelf life. This adds further expense to building and maintaining a vinyls collection. .Vinyls can warp, this makes a vinyl unplayable and can happen quite easily.

    • Word count: 2497
  6. Understanding Licensing and Royalties

    UK copyright law fact sheet states: "The law gives the creators of literary, dramatic, musical, artistic works, sound recordings, broadcasts, films and typographical arrangement of published editions, rights to control the ways in which their material may be used. The rights cover; broadcast and public performance, copying, adapting, issuing, renting and lending copies to the public. In many cases, the creator will also have the right to be identified as the author and to object to distortions of his work.

    • Word count: 2561
  7. Music Song Analysis

    The manufacturing soundscapes and disturbing strings of Guiltless are particularly meaningful. His voice can be deep, strong and frightening it also sounds very vibrated, deep throated and exaggerated at times. He screeches at the end and also uses his voice to play different moods in this particular song. Although the characteristics of his voice are not the normal positive aspects of a singers' voice his screams and modulation do not seem too much or too little for the effect he is trying to create.

    • Word count: 2379
  8. Dance Assignment Study Christopher Bruce Christopher Bruce was born in Scarborough in 1946. As a child he caught Polio, so started dancing

    'Ghost Dances' 'Ghost Dances' is one of Christopher Bruce's more-known works. The first performance was in 1981, in Bristol. Ballet Rambert performed the dance, consisting of eleven dancers, 3 ghosts, 8 dead - 3 male, 5 female. The total running time for the dance was thirty-four minutes. The composer was Nicholas Carr, who worked with samples from Intillimani, and the London Musici Orchestra played the accompaniment. Christopher Bruce was also the designer. He worked along side Belinda Scarlet and Sarah Mawhinney. Between them they created the beautiful South American background, the ripped costumes of the Dead, and the 'barely-there' costumes of the Ghosts.

    • Word count: 2552
  9. Autobiography - This is me.

    that I may tend to spike up on a special occasion, and a very, very faint bar-like moustache As I am 15 years old, I go to a private secondary school - Guru Gobind Singh Khalsa College - which is situated on Roding lane South in Chigwell. I currently live in Barkingside, Ilford, on Campbell Avenue, which is off Cranbrook road. I moved to this house when I was of 14. I live with my mother, my father and elder brother; I have an elder sister who is currently studying at university.

    • Word count: 2161
  10. Analyse and evaluate how effectively Ridley Scott creates another world in the opening sequences of the film 'Blade Runner'

    The music joins with the image of the city and makes the city seem very grand and powerful. The only light in this scene other than natural light is from the flames and lightning bolts, and the lights from buildings. As the camera moves through the city it cuts to an image of an extreme close up of an eye. In the eye you can see the city which shows the eye is looking at the city. This makes you wonder who the eye belongs to and why there looking over the city.

    • Word count: 2160
  11. The Effect of

    It is different from his later cantatas in that it does not contain recitative or separate da capo arias for he had not yet been influenced by the popular Italian style. Instead, it was influenced solely by German hymns. Furthermore, each section of the cantata flows right into the next instead of having separate movements of sorts, which is more suitable for the occasion, for it is widely assumed that it was written for a funeral, presumably that of his uncle, Tobias L�mmerhirt.

    • Word count: 2303
  12. Baroque music

    Corelli founded the modern school of violin playing as well as earning titles such as "World's First Great Violinist" and "Founder of Modern Violin Technique" Corelli was the first composer to be famous for composing using only instruments, and this is one of the points that made him stand out throughout the baroque era especially in Rome were he taught composers such as Vivaldi and Giannini who soon spread his methods too the world. Corelli's work influenced many other musicians and helped bring the violin permanently in its place within the baroque orchestra.

    • Word count: 2110
  13. The Evolution of The Classical Guitar

    He benefited from a long line of incredible performers and their compositions. The lineage of the classical guitar is a fascinating story of gifted musicians that continues to this day, and will in all likelihood continue for years to come. (p. 3 Tosone) The history of the classical guitar and its players follows and was influenced by the history of art and music in general. Therefore, it is feasible to define and emphasize the different eras of the classical guitar.

    • Word count: 2676
  14. Kurt Cobain-Murder or Suicide?

    At the age of seven Kurt's life took a drastic turn. His parents divorced and he was forced to look at the world in a different light. As the home situation got worse, Kurt was ferried between houses staying with different family and friends. He even spent a night sleeping under a bridge. Kurt had, by this time, become very alienated from other people and life; he was very detached and emotionally inward he had few friends at school as people thought he was either weird or gay. Kurt knew that Punk rock was going to be his escape.

    • Word count: 2374
  15. Change and development in two contrasting operas "The Magic Flute" by Mozart and the "Iphigénie en Tauride" by Gluck with specific reference to the orchestration and in particular the writing for violin.

    The accompaniments can be divided into 2 main categories, those for continuo alone or in which strings play only in the ritornelli. The texture may be homophonic with violins 1 & 2 mostly in thirds. Violins in unison plus continuo were in fact, a very popular accompaniment in the late Baroque. The violin passages occur much more often in the works of the italianate Mozart than in those Germanic Haydn showing that Mozart was inspired by italian composers like Monteverdi, Who specialised in vocal music.

    • Word count: 2143
  16. An investigation into the Mozart Effect.

    Many students feel that studying with music helps. Frances H. Rauscher discovered that performance on spatial reasoning tests improved after the participants listened to Mozart as opposed to a relaxation tape or silence. He first demonstrated the correlation between music and learning in an experiment in 1993. His experiments indicated that a 10-minute dose of Mozart could temporarily boost intelligence. Groups of students were given intelligence tests after listening to silence, relaxation tapes, or Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major. He found that after silence, the average IQ score was 110, and after the relaxation tape, scores rose a point.

    • Word count: 2464
  17. Performance studies language of performing arts.

    Circle your shoulder round 8 times. 3. Do this clockwise and again clockwise. Arm circles 1. Again stand tall with feet slightly apart and knees bent again. 2. Circle your arms clockwise and anticlockwise. 3. Do this 8 times. 4. Repeat this with the other arm. Shoulder stretch 1. Stand tall with feet again and knees bent. 2. Put arms parallel to the ground across the front of the chest. 3. Bend the right arm up and using the left forearm, push the left arm closer to your chest.

    • Word count: 2000
  18. Save the Last Dance: A Critical Turning Point in the lives of Sara, Malakai and Derek.

    He tries to encourage Malakai intro making the ethical decision by saying, "I'll go home if you go home." When Derek says this to Malakai, he tries to make him feel as if he has a choice. He also tries to make Malakai re-think his decision by saying, "You don't have to get in this car." From this quote, Derek again tries to make Malakai feel he has a choice to do the right thing. Then he tells Malakai how his future may be if he takes the right path.

    • Word count: 2246
  19. Evaluate the account of club culture offered by Thornton.

    This is the aspect of her theory, which I am going to be looking at in this evaluation. To help me evaluate her writing I will use two texts in particular, the first is 'Making popular music, by Jason Toynbee'. This book will help me to assess Thornton's accounts on the music scene experienced by club culture and whether it is shared by the music industry. To look at the cultural statements of Thornton I will be using 'Rave Off by Steve Redhead' which talks about the rise of the rave culture and offers insights into its cultural make up, and so will be useful to critique Thornton's writing.

    • Word count: 2719
  20. The Language Of Performance Arts.

    The starting point for all our pieces was exploration through improvisation. In music we improvised music pieces to show the narrative, we had also used the wolf section as a motif to give a reacquiring scene of the big bad wolf. We learnt about numerous things like dynamics, rhythm, melody and harmony. All these things are important in music. We first started of constructing the begging part, the three little pigs building their houses. We started of with the oldest pig wich made a house out of straw. We used music instruments such as the keyboard, drum, guitar and the rainmaker.

    • Word count: 2707
  21. Write a full description of how a Jew becomes a Bar or Bat Mitzvah - Explain the religious importance of this event for (i) the person who becomes the Bar or Bat Mitzvah and (ii) his or her family.

    The idea of a bat mitzvah dates back to the second and third century C.E when Jewish girls took all legal responsibility for their action and performance of the mitzvot. Preparation for the bar or bat mitzvah begins up to 4 years in advance. This is done in a religious/Hebrew school. It is recommended that the preparation should not simply be crammed into one hasty year, and time should be allowed to prepare as necessary. They will prepare by learning how to read Hebrew writing and to read and chant sections of the Torah.

    • Word count: 2077
  22. Dance as Popular Culture.

    Many years of learning and practicing different techniques are essential of effectively being able to communicate to the audience. There is a formula to learning dance. Many dancers begin their training at a young age in a dance school. There they begin to develop the dance techniques and allow their bodies to adapt into the new shapes taught to them. As the dancer progresses in their training they may choose to move on to a private dance school with more intense and individual attention, or if it is at the right time in their lives they may move on to dance at a University.

    • Word count: 2106
  23. With the evolution of man has come the inevitable evolution of the arts.

    During the Baroque period, a popular musical form was the Prelude and Fugue (also called Toccata and Fugue or Fantasia and Fugue). Such a form was nothing new during the Baroque period, as examples of similar forms date back to renaissance and even pre-renaissance musical examples. The practice of freely improvising a few notes of the coming contrapuntal passage was common in those periods prior to Baroque. When composers such as Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583-1643) and Dieterich Buxtehude (1637-1707) codified the Prelude and Fugue into its then-modern form, the way was paved for Bach's Praeludium et Fuga in A Minor, BWV 543 (~1708-1717).

    • Word count: 2235
  24. In this essay I will discuss about the stereotyping of Bend it like Beckham and Billy Elliot and the different cultures.

    She asks Billy if he's scared to come back again to Dance next week. This is questioning Billy's Characteristic to see if he isn't bothered about the other boys stereotyping him being a dancer when only girls are "supposed" to dance. When his dad finds out about him dancing. He starts having ago at him telling him that Boys are supposed to be boxing or playing football, which is wrong because there are some women football players as well. Billy uses his dancing to show that boys can do dancing as well by dancing in front of his dad later on in the film.

    • Word count: 2007
  25. An Experiment To Show Weather The Tempo (speed) Of A Piece Of Background Music Can Affect The Performance Of a Task.

    I was interested to see if music could be used to peoples advantage when working, and what type of music should be used if it is an advantage. Wallace (1994) found that a simple repetitive melody increased memory of text when tested. According to Turner et al. (1996), the amplitude of a melody is important for task performance. They discovered that lower amplitude elicited a slower response time to unexpected visual events. The basis of this study is a similar a study tested by Mayfield and Moss (1989), who asked students to perform a task with fast, then slow tempo music playing in the background.

    • Word count: 2578
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If you love music and play it to a good standard then A level Music could well be the best decision you make. In some courses the majority of the final marks are assessed by performance and composition. As well as practical assessments there are written examinations to contend with so whilst you'll develop your instrumental and compositional skills you'll also significantly broaden your musical knowledge.

A level Music requires definite skills and Marked by Teachers has a huge selection of high-quality essay answers to help you gain an understanding of what examiners are looking for.

It is expected that you'll able to read music by the time you begin the course and a Grade 5 in your chosen instrument is generally required too. Those who study Music at this level can continue to degree level, but if you choose not to it is still highly beneficial; university admissions tutors know that this is a challenging course which develops significant creative and evaluative strengths.

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Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss the extent to which Gabrieli's "In ecclesiis" can be understood as an example of the new Baroque style.

    "In conclusion the piece does have many late Renaissance features such as an antiphonal texture in parts, however there are many more prominent features indicating that it is strongly rooted in the new Baroque style. Therefore Gabrieli can be seen as one of the founders of the new Baroque style, leading to the Baroque era, which blossomed less then a century after this work was published."

  • Discuss the six headings for Ghost Dancers.

    "I have come to the conclusion that every little detail is essential to make Ghost Dances effective, but although the lighting effects and sound visualisation do count, the quality of the dance is the most important aspect. I feel that all of the lighting and musical accompaniment contribute excellently to this piece."

  • Compare and contrast ‘Ghost Dances’ and ‘Rooster’ by Christopher Bruce.

    "Despite the fact that 'Ghost Dances' depicts a moving narrative, I personally prefer 'Rooster.' This is because, like Bruce, I happen to love the pulsating rhythm of 60's music and more particularly, that of the 'Rolling Stones'. I think that 'Rooster' has a greater variety of expression and I find it a far more entertaining theatrical piece of dance. I believe it evokes a feeling of well being in the viewer which I personally think to be an essential aspect and ingredient for a successful dance."

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