• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An analysis of Sweelinck's 'Pavana Lachrimae'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How is Sweelinck's 'Pavana Lachrimae' typical of the Renaissance period? You should reference other composers/works in your answer. 'Pavana Lachrimae', a virtuoso work for harpsichord based on the popular John Dowland piece 'Flow my Teares', exhibits many of the trends composers were exposed to during the Late Renaissance/Early Baroque periods. Written within the 15th Century, around the time of the gradual introduction of solo keyboard works, Sweelinck pioneered this idea whilst basing it on one of the most popular pieces of secular vocal music. In this respect Sweelinck was very clever in his decisions as he introduces a new way and concept of writing, whilst basing it on something that the public could relate with. Through pioneering solo keyboard works and experimenting with different structures, such as fugues and tripartite structure, he laid the foundations on which one of the greatest Baroque composers would later build; J.S. Bach. It is said that Bach took inspiration from Sweelinck (amongst others) to create works such as 48 Preludes and Fugues. 'Pavana Lachrimae' was one of the many instrumental versions of 'Flow my Teares' although the only one written for solo harpsichord. ...read more.

Middle

Even when analysing the A section and its corresponding variation, decoration, dissonances and techniques typical of the period are abundant. Within the first ten bars we encounter passing notes (bar 1), lower auxiliary notes (bar 3) and a short 4-3 suspension which is prepared, sounded and resolved (onto an �chappe note) which was the practice of the time. In terms of decoration, in bar 8 we have an obvious example of a trill and turn, although these are fully notated. Moving further through the section, we encounter references to the Aeolian mode. This distinguishes the piece as verging from Late Renaissance to Early Baroque opposed to a totally Baroque piece, as this was the time when modes (originating from plainchant) were being replaced with the more popular concept of tonal writing. The musica ficta, seen in bar 12, anchors the tonality and was frequently used around this period. The section then ends with a 4-3 suspension, a written out turn and trill on the tonic and then the same sequence but modified to pass from the tonic to trill on the dominant and then to end back on the tonic. ...read more.

Conclusion

As to performing what Sweelinck intended, in the case of an 'authoritative' performance, it is frequently mentioned that 'Flow my Teares' was the piece most used as a stimulus for improvisation at the time, and therefore it is possible that so many variations existed on the melody that the piece Sweelinck composed and the piece the editor heard were totally different. Also, taking into account the possibility of the piece being written as a study, it is more than possible that students took the piece home and imprinted some form of their personalities onto it. Things such as suspensions could equally have been intended by Sweelinck or added as an extra flourish by an overzealous student. Slightly less obvious, but no less important are added mordents (upper and lower - bars 35, 44,), decorative runs (bar 60) and spread (arpeggiated) chords. As a result, it is virtually impossible to realise an 'authoritative' version. In conclusion, Sweelincks 'Pavana Lachrimae' exhibits an abundance of Renaissance and Baroque traits. It successfully assimilates both periods into one piece, evenly representing them both, creating an imaginative and expressive work that is still remembered and analysed six centuries on. ?? ?? ?? ?? Oliver McCallion ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Renaissance Music, music of Europe during the period known as the Renaissance. In musical ...

    Such variants become still more distinct moving north of the Alps. The recusant William Byrd in England was associated with at least one Italian, Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder, and Heinrich Sch�tz in Germany studied in Venice both with Giovanni Gabrieli and, later, with Claudio Monteverdi.

  2. Music Song Analysis

    The second line he uses a very high pitch which is not heard in the song before, it is also difficult to hear what he is singing here because he is also singing it quietly. In the third and fourth line he screams in a very high pitched voice and prolongs the "Now".

  1. Baroque Period

    The transition to the more modern ensemble of violins in two parts instead of divided violas dates from the late 1670s or early 1680s. Stradella's sinfonie a pi� istromenti has what are probably the earliest examples of string concertino contrasted with string concerto grosso in a purely instrumental context.

  2. HOW HAS THE CONTEXT OF FALSETTOLAND INFLUENCED THE CONTENT AND WRITING OF THE PIECE ...

    Judaism in America began growing in the 1830s when the Jews of Germany began to arrive on American soil. An important factor in the Jewish immigration is that these Jews were either Reform Jews or were secular Jews who had, for whatever reason, dropped Judaism altogether.

  1. Performance 1 - I have chosen to study Evanescence - Hello, All About Eve ...

    G Dm Em Reach for crimson light Am G In this eternal night Am G My tears begin to dry Am Em And I no longer have to fight Dm Em The world falls away Dm Am The flame is extinguished Dm Em Am The Darkness embraces me G A

  2. The impact of California Smoking Bar Banned to the bar owners in Orange County.

    Second-hand smoke directly worsens diseases and even creates new ones when there was none before. (California department of Health and Service, tobacco section) In addition, Smoking-related diseases claim an estimated 430,700 American lives each year, including those affected indirectly, such as babies born prematurely due to prenatal maternal smoking and some of the victims of "secondhand" exposure to tobacco's carcinogens.

  1. Dance stimulus - Atalanta.

    Through the use of Stanslavki's 'method-acting' I used my research to characterise a strong female woman, which was then transposed into movements. To achieve the dimensions of Atalanta's character, I profiled her, so that when I was dancing, I would embody the character, this enabled me to access her personality quickly.

  2. The stimulus we were given for our drama piece was a painting by Paula ...

    During rehearsal, we found we were able to get our timing synchronised, which was just what our piece needed to give it pace and direction and to involve and interest the audience continuously. We made the gestures and physicality of the characters very prominent to make sure body language was

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work