Analyse and discuss the structure of one ballet created for Diaghilev Ballet Russe.
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Analyse and discuss the structure of one ballet created for Diaghilev Ballet Russe Through the work of "Pulcinella" Diaghilev Ballet Russe entered a new period in the history of ballet, the 'modernist' approach was unlike anything that had gone before, and the company became an innovation to test out new and experimental ideas. Diaghilev helped to rejuvenate ballet. From the outset, the legendary company enraptured the scandalised dance world with new ballets in every aspect -modern choreography, music, design and the structure of the ballet, helped to alter the course of dance history, making the Ballet Russe the vanguard of distinctive twentieth century art. Ballet in the last quarter of the ninetieth century across Western Europe, the forum of Romantic ballet had reached an all time low point. The great choreographers of the romantic era were dead, and no other choreographers had risen to take their place. Ballet seemed to have lost all of its creative momentum and the public had seized to regard it as a serious art form. It was no longer considered to be the mainstream art form that it had been in the 1830's and 1840's; it appeared to have lost touch with the modern times. . Indeed, Ballet appeared to be an art form about to die of exhaustion. However, in the early twentieth century, Diaghilev rejuvenated the world of ballet, not only in his ideas, his modernistic approach but also in through the combination of music, dance and visual art.
In certain sections the music also helped to move, the ballets narrative along, for example the plaintive Seranta that follows the overture fitted Cavellios and Florindo's heartsick declarations of love beneath the balconies of Rossetta and Prundenza. In Pulcinella's first appearance on stage, Pulcinella appears on stage and dances and play a violin, so Stravinsky added the solo part of the violin to the allegro (section four). Stravinsky also acknowledged the commedia dell'arte origins, the trombone and double bass in the Vivo (section twenty one) carry out a slapstick duet, ripe with the bawdy humour, which is traditional for the commedia dell'arte movement. The words of the singers also comment on the aspects of love between men and women for example "With such kind words, so delicious, you touch my heart, to its depths, oh beautiful one stay here." There are times when the words directly correlate to the action, as oppose to providing a commentary; for example "I will certainly die." Stravinsky's neo-classicism through bringing the past music into the present by using discordant harmonies, melodies, rhythms and other elements. The result was the Baroque style of Pergolesi remaining predominant throughout, but with Stravinsky's own personality being stamped on the music, a witty and satirical piece which led to Stravisnky's neo-classicism period. There were many critics, who regarded Stravinsky as having offended the eighteen-century music and destroying Pergolesi music.
Picasso designed a Neapolitan street design, in a cubistic and traditional commedia dell'arte scene. He brought a contemporary air to the production, and the set is always highly regarded because of the cubistic black, blue-grey and white, which admirably conveyed an economic method of portraying a moonlit street, overlooking the Bay of Naples. This helped to re-enforce the mood of the dance and accompanied by the music added both a modernistic and realistic touch to the production. Picasso, also worked with Massine, who together created masks which de-emphasised human elements of ballet. Thus, marking a step away from the formalist classicism of romantic choreographers such as Pepita, and towards the modernising of ballet. The Ballet Russe was an innovative company, who through the structures of the ballets, helped to change the course of ballet, and indeed dance. Never before had a company created a neo-classical and original ballet. The company revolutionised the ballet through rejuvenating ballet, an art form that appeared to have lost its creative momentum. Through the work of "Pulcinella" and indeed other works by the Ballet Russe, the public once again became intoxicated by the world of ballet, and as "Pulcinella" testifies, the artists created new and exciting sensations for the audiences. Indeed, through the structure of "Pulcinella" - the sparkling neo-classical designs of Picasso, the inventive choreography of Massine, the delicate femininity and grace of Karsavina and the modernistic music of Stravinsky, the Ballet Russe was able to create an avant-garde work that was previously unheard of.
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