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Baroque music

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Introduction

Baroque In 1600 a new style of music began to evolve, this form of music was later to be called Baroque. Baroque music was very different to the music before its time such as medieval and early renaissance music and the development of new harmonic and melodic lines added difference in pace and variation to the compositions giving them a new shape and form. The structure of the music also changed, different forms such as fugues and cannons developed and different instruments were introduced. There were many composers that wrote music throughout the baroque era, some more significant than others but each contributing a large amount to the development throughout this period. Corelli was one of the first prominent composers of the Baroque era; he was an Italian composer and violinist writing music in a chamber style and in the form of the late baroque era. Corelli was born in 1653 in Fusignano, Italy and left to Bologna when he was just 13 were he was taught by Leonardo Brugnol who perhaps influenced him to become a teacher of music. He was interested in the form of musical education and this is clearly shown in the development of his musical history. ...read more.

Middle

The Baroque Era also saw a step in the development of musical instruments, there were mechanical and technical changes made improving and developing the orchestra. The development of the violin family began at the end of the 1600s. The harpsichord was a key instrument to Baroque orchestra as well as the Clavichord, Organ, string and wind instruments as well as Percussion. The first new type of music to develop was opera; opera was first introduced by a group of Italians studying a way to create the drama of the ancient Greeks, composers began to see that it was possible to involve human emotions within their music and this developed a popular style that drew many audiences as well as singing performers, those most recognised today as Farinelli, La Romanina, Bordoni, Cuzzoni, Senesino, Cafarelli, Carestini. Writers of the day put together words for the vocals of the Opera and this text of a dramatic musical work was called a libretti. The most influential of these writers was Abbate Pietro Metastasio; he was famous for his complex and riveting stories. Operas were written mainly to celebrate specific events, many of these being Royal procedures. ...read more.

Conclusion

The style of classical music included homophony; this consisted of a single line of melody and an accompaniment, an example of this would be a sonata, an important form of homophony that evolved a great deal during the period. There were many key forms developing from the baroque era into the classical era involving concertos, sonatas, oratorios, chamber music and overtures, which are effectively introductions to operas- the most famous of which is Mozart's overture to the 'Nozze de Figaro'. Overtures usually contain various themes from the actual opera and are used to bring the audience into the world of that particular one. They set up the performance. Sonata form was applied to solo sonatas, chamber music, symphonies, and concertos. String quartets were the most popular chamber form of the Classical era. They were made up of one cello, two violins, and a viola and were written in 4 movements, using the sonata form. There was also a wide use of symphonies, large orchestral compositions, generally in three or four movements, symphonies are also in sonata form. Symphonies, Sonatas, and String Quartets were written by some of the most influential composers of the classical era, Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven. They composed music for vocals as well as instrumentals. Other composers included Luigi Boccherini, Hoffman and Hein. . ...read more.

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