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Comment on the differences between the exposition and the recapitulation in Mozart's 41st Symphony

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Introduction

The difference in material between the exposition and the recap Mozart's 41st symphony is written in sonata form which plays host to three main sections. These sections are the exposition, the development and the recapitulation. Whilst the development introduces new ideas, motifs etc, it is the exposition and recapitulation that bear the same musical integrity as one another. This being said however, when the previous musical ideas created in the exposition are reiterated in the recapitulation, they are not necessarily exactly the same. I will attempt to explore the extent to which the two sections differ from on another within this essay. Most noticeably in this recapitulation is the lack of full modulation to the dominant. Instead we stay generally in C throughout (apart from b.225 - 243). Phrases and motifs that were in the dominant previously stay within C. One of the reasons behind this is that staying with the tonic is the realisation for the listener that we have come to the end by returning to the home key. ...read more.

Middle

The use of syncopation at the end adds drive and vigour. The fact it ends on a major chord provides us with a way to modulate back to C (as G to C is a perfect cadence). The second subject is now presented again, but this time in the tonic. We have modulated back from the dominant which we were in previously. The first 5 bars are scored the same, however the addition of flutes and oboes are brought in to add to the quaver run in b.249. They are not doubling, but adding harmony. The flutes are now doubling the melody also, where before it was only the bassoons. In b.254, the addition of horns is quite prominent also, adding a new depth. This was previously impossible due to the harmonic limitation of the brass instruments, but as we are now in C, it is possible. From b.260, we are getting quite close to the coda. The addition of woodwind here one by one creates a much heaver and substantial texture to the piece. ...read more.

Conclusion

After finishing with a G major chord in b.307, in the same place in the exposition, we would be moving into the development. In the recapitulation though, we are taken straight to 5 bars involving only C major, and the manipulation of it (arpeggiating the notes). Due to the fact it is staying on one chord, it is increasing harmonic stability. Also, as it is scored for all instruments and marked forte, it provides a clear, loud and well stated ending to the Jupiter symphony. To conclude, the main differences between the exposition and the recapitulation are mostly scoring changes, whether this is to add a new harmonic texture, or to reinforce things that were previously there. He often adds more instruments to help add depth to the sound produced, as well as reinstated the harmony. There is not a lot of new material in the recapitulation, and where there is, it is mostly built around existing material. The idea of a recapitulation is to reinstate and build upon previous motifs and phrases. As explained, this is exactly what Mozart does to great effect and provides a well rounded finish to an impressive piece. ...read more.

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