• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the development of instrumental music from 1430 to 1750

Extracts from this document...


Emily A. Singh S10 Discuss the development of instrumental music from 1430 to 1750. The Renaissance period was approximately from 1400 to 1600. Translating as ?rebirth?, the Renaissance saw an explosion of culture. Knowledge, literature, and the arts all flourished, and the invention of the printing press in the Holy Roman Empire in 1440 helped to disperse this movement across Europe. The music of the Renaissance was quite distinct. For one thing, it was fundamentally modal. The Ancient Greeks applied the names Dorian, Ionian, Lydian, Aeolian and Phrygian to the modal scales, some of which contain accidentals depending on the intervals between each note. Without accidentals on certain notes on scales, the tonality of this music was quite ambiguous. It was only when musica ficta made an appearance that this trait was lost. This was the introduction of sharps, flats, or other accidentals to avoid strange-sounding intervals and note clashes. Johannes de Garlandia, the French 13th century music theorist, wrote that ficta was essential in polyphony as it was necessary to forestall said dissonances and to properly arrange cadences. ...read more.


Instruments in the Renaissance were mostly wind instruments, ranging from the brash double-reeded shawm to the softer-toned sackbut, the ancestor of the modern trombone. The wooden recorder received great popularity in the Renaissance, as well as the wooden flute. Other popular instruments include the cornett was a wooden or ivory curving instrument with finger holes and a similar mouthpiece to present-day brass. The serpent (the bass cornett), was also a curving wind instrument with six finger holes arranged in two sets of three. The crumhorn was a special development in the 15th century because although it contained a double reed, the player?s lips did not touch it because the reed was enclosed inside a protective cap. The viol was the common string instrument at the time. They were very much like the modern violin as they were played with a bow, but viols had six strings with frets rather four strings and no frets. The virginal was a keyboard instrument similar to the harpsichord and was particularly popular in Elizabethan England. Unlike the modern piano, the strings run parallel to the long side of the case. ...read more.


Baroque was became much more virtuosic, for singers and instrumentalists alike. This meant that music was characteristically harder to perform than Renaissance music, but it also led to the appearance of sonatas for solo instruments, and concertos for soloists of groups of soloists (concerto grosso). The other common Baroque genres were the sonata and the chorale. The sonata (from Latin and Italian ?sonare? meaning ?to sound?) grew from the Venetian instrumental genre the ricercari and canzoni and came in many presentations from solo to orchestral. Choral music generally had grown even more since the Renaissance as composers kept becoming more and more elaborate. As well as operas, oratorios appeared which were more religiously based. To change with the times, Lutheran Mass was written for the reformed church. It was now normal to find, not an a cappella performance as heard in Renaissance times, but a full performance for soloists, chorus and orchestra. The cantata also came into view, which was a shorter version of the oratorio. The Renaissance laid the way for many features of Baroque music such as the forms of pieces, the instruments used and in which ensembles they were used. Both eras have been incredibly important in influencing the music we know today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Classical Era (1750 - 1820).

    Baroque melodies tend to repeat the same rhythmic figures frequently. Three new musical forms were developed in the classical period. Form in music refers to the structure of a piece. Almost all music can be broken down into sections that contain either new music or repeated music.

  2. Renaissance Music, music of Europe during the period known as the Renaissance. In musical ...

    That, in turn, depends on one's definition of "Renaissance" as a chronological (1300-1600 or, say, 1400-c. 1540?) and geographical (Italian or pan-European?) phenomenon. The geographical question is important: the impetus for the musical Renaissance came largely from northern composers trained in Burgundy, northern France, and Flanders-even if many (such as Dufay and Josquin)

  1. How does Jacques Loussier’s interpretation of Toccata and Fugue in D Minor differ from ...

    Whilst others such as John Lewis and the Modern Jazz Quartet have had their attempts in swinging the classics, few were as successful as the trio. Their first album "Play Bach No.1" sold more than 6 million copies in 15 years until the trio broke up in 1978.

  2. Compare the decades 1910-1920 and 1930-1940 in the development of Jazz music.

    for example in Chicago the entertainment community responded earnestly to the demand for black music. Cabarets and nightclubs emerged along the South Side and created a new urban nightlife full of music for listening and dancing. Chicago's 'black and tan' clubs allowed more interracial mingling than did the clubs in

  1. Performance Investigation: Bolling Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano Trio: Baroque and Blue

    However, with Zucker in which there is a fair bit more rubato. Zucker starts off strictly in time until E where with the introduction of the blues it becomes relaxed and swung. After returning to a strict time at H, it again becomes swung at L where interestingly the pianist

  2. The Development Of The American Musical.

    show the confusion of his emotions as he describes letting a woman into his life. In the second song his words are a lot calmer and gentler. My Fair lady was a big success, showing amazing orchestration, outstanding costumes and unforgettable melodies.

  1. What is the nature of employment in the music industry?

    Being a freelance worker is one of the quickest and easiest ways of making money because if someone doesn't want you do one thing then maybe you could do the other task they need doing. However I think that being a freelance could be very stressful because people are relying

  2. The stimulus we were given for our drama piece was a painting by Paula ...

    We aimed to convey to the audience, many of our ideas about dreams, through gestures in our dance, such as a dominant individual in aspects of the dance making strong, sudden movements, showing you have little control over independent thought when you are sleeping (we all do Psychology AS level which has already explored aspects of sleep).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work