• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the account of club culture offered by Thornton.

Extracts from this document...


Evaluate the account of club culture offered by Thornton. Sarah Thornton's account of club culture was written in 1995 during the final stages of the peak of the 'Acid house' cultural movement in the UK. The 'madchester' scene of raves and parties especially at the famous Hacienda nightclub were all but finished and the seminal new wave of drug influenced bands such as the Stone Roses and the Happy Mondays were beginning to feel the toll of there expressive lifestyles. The rave scene was becoming mainstream and the moral panics associated with ecstasy were becoming 'old news' for the newspapers to report on. I want to in this writing look at exactly what Sarah Thornton was trying to express in her writing on club culture, the theories and findings it expressed and then attempt to evaluate them, and assess an opinion on its findings and whether they are conclusive or if the study is now dated. To evaluate the study I will identify what I feel the key points are in my view and analyze them, either agreeing or disagreeing with her view, today this I will be using my own experiences to some extent, and writings by other people on club culture. Many of the texts available on the topic of dance and club culture tend to focus on the moral panics created by the scene and especially the use of intoxicants such as ecstasy. Sarah Thornton's account of club culture however looks more so at the topic of subcultures, and specifically the topic of subculture capital, and how the status of the youth within the club scene was affected by the possession of this capital. ...read more.


he uses his work to signify the that the 'consumption of 'high' art displays 'ease', which is freedom allowed by surplus of money'. Here Redhead is using the quote to say that the dress sense used by ravers is not one of conscious choice, but practical and affordable, and wasn't chosen to pose a threatening image. This comment on the subculture capital gained from the dress code of 'hip' contradicts Thornton. Thornton was saying that ravers wanted to dress a certain way, in order to be hip. Redhead is saying they dress this way due to practicality and cost. I feel that both sides of the argument are correct. Thornton's case is but forward by the fact 'if you try to hard to impress you are not cool' so the slack dress code of baggy clothes are worn. This is true as the stereotypical image, given by Redhead (1995) states those baggy clothes and bright colors are the appearance of a raver. But he argues the case that this is the case due to practicality as 'Not only the lack of finance, but also the intensive dancing and the use of the drug ecstasy determined the style. It makes a person sweat so baggy cotton clothing is the most comfortable to wear'. The idea of Thornton's lack class structures is backed up Toynbee (2000) he argues that dance music has its own form of social organization, with a flat subculture network. He also uses a quote from Phillip Tag, saying that the flattening of hierarchies within dance music so it contains plenty of small figures. ...read more.


I have compared the ideas and findings, which she discovered against other publications on the subject, and have found a mixed response in their affiliation and co-ordnance with her findings. The key point which I have come to notice about Thornton's account of club culture is that it is often critical, and negative towards the club scene. She takes an elitist stand point, looking at the club seen as merely a fad which involves people leering after the subcultural capital in order to fit into the rave scene. She denotes them as being classless and oppositional to the mainstream using dress codes and behaviors to shock as well as using the drug element to purposely create a moral panic. This was especially evident in her distinction that the club scene had no distinct class structure or hierarchy, which may not have been the case when the study was written but in today's club scene, as discussed by both McKay (1996) and Redhead (1995) class structures are evident in the club scene, mainly through mainstream elements. In a culture where many of the club goers and organizers are most likely disenchanted with their place in the mainstream the subculture of underground dance clubs is a place to forget their standing in life, a place to excel on the subcultures terms, unfettered by traditional values. The maintenance of the culture is only possible with the barriers discussed. Thornton illustrates that the underground dance club scene subculture has an extremely exclusive nature supported by three distinct types of barriers, Physical, informational, and socioeconomic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Marxist thoery on culture

    media, to ensure the status quo is maintained. However, there are evidence to support the idea of religion, ethnicity and nationalism may be as important as causes of inequality. Therefore, this theory can be shown to be overemphasising social class as the main source of conflict in modern societies.

  2. In this essay I will discuss about the stereotyping of Bend it like Beckham ...

    We see some stereotyping towards the religious side when her dad says about them making fun of his turban and he wasn't allowed to play cricket. This is a bit of the religious side. We then see more stereotyping when Jess asks her sister what would mum and dad do if I bought home a Guru.

  1. What is the nature of employment in the music industry?

    if it goes wrong at the first hurdle they still have a job and regular income. This takes an extraordinary long time. As for most self-employed people, the first six months to a year are financially difficult. Eventually, there business will settle down into a pattern and they will be able to forecast their income and expenditure.

  2. Free essay

    Price List and Evaluation of Equipment

    .Reverse function Motor can be put into reverset to play vinyl backwards. A very versatile turntable can do a wide range of useful things that many of its competitors don't, they are the heaviest deck which means they're a bit more effort to carry but far better at coping with vibration which is essential for a live performance on vinyl.

  1. Fucntionalists theory on education

    Furthermore, another functionalist sociologist called Talcott Parsons suggested his own theory on education which was socialization (teaches norms and values). He suggested in his theory that education teaches to value achieved status over ascribed status. Achieved status is of which an individual has worked hard for (e.g.

  2. An account of the life and works of W.A. Mozart

    Eventually, his quarreling with the higher echelons resulted in the loss of his job. Luckily, he had noticed good opportunities to earn in Vienna and so decided to settle and develop his own freelance career. He began as a pianist, and according to the New Grove, he soon 'had established himself as the finest keyboard player in the city.'

  1. How did Western polophony develop during its earliest stages of evolution, and what were ...

    The carols generally consisted of angular melodies in a lively triple rhythmic pattern and were distinctly English in nature. England continued to pivotal role in the continued development of western polyphony as move into the age of the Renaissance. 3.

  2. Analyse and evaluate how effectively Ridley Scott creates another world in the opening sequences ...

    beauty and feeling of importance of the Tyrell Corporation and makes the building feel important and large. Also as the city is still very dark, the lights from the building stand out boldly. As the camera moves around the building it pans in on one particular part and towards a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work