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Fucntionalists theory on education

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Functionalist Theories on Education Functionalist sociologists have identified education as a crucial part of the socialisation process as it transmits and re-enforces society's norms and values. They have also considered society as a system of interdependent parts that would help to develop the culture and value in society. Education prepares children for crucial roles in the future as adults and they selected for different roles depending on their abilities. Different groups in society teach different norms and values and these groups are called agents of socialisation. Each part of society has particular functions (education, religion, media and family, these four functions work together to construct and contribute to our societal and cultural norms and values. The famous functionalist sociologist, Emile Durkheim, suggested education prevents anomie (a lack of norms). He stated this because the education system is an agent of socialisation which teaches the importance of norms and values in out society. Durkheim suggested two values which he considered extremely important in society, Social Solidarity and Specialist Skills. Durkheim suggested that every society needs and sense of solidarity, this is meant by each and every individual within a society must feel they are part of single community. ...read more.


Prince William). Education encourages values such as individualism, opportunity, equality, competition and achievement. Within a school, these values maybe encouraged through appointing a head boy/ head girl, prefects, school councils, etc. In a meritocratic society, intelligence, ability and effort are rewarded through an achievement in the education system. Meritocracy states that if a person applies themselves to their work, they will achieve high grades which may lead onto a successful career in the future. Similarly, if a student does not apply themselves to their work or education, they simply do not succeed and achieve high. So everyone is given an equal opportunity and the effort put in to succeed will be the outcome in the future. For example, an A* student who works hard and achieves high, is more likely to become a doctor, lawyer, accountant, whereas a student who does not put effort in his education is likely to become a road sweeper or a rubbish collector. School acts as a bridge between home and society as there are different principles in the family in comparison to society. This bridge is required as family and society operate on different principles and so children need to learn a new way of living if they are to cope with the wider world. ...read more.


This theory would ensure that society would be able to provide doctors, lawyers, road sweepers, rubbish collectors, etc. So as a whole, this theory is suggesting that education filters out individuals depending on their capabilities, higher the capability and the most qualification get the best jobs. On the other hand, those with the less capabilities and least qualification get the poorest jobs. In conclusion, the four functionalist sociologist have given theories which are understandable as well applied in modern society. However, some may argue that the functionalist perspective of education is not accurate and some may say that it is. Those who say that it is accurate argue that majority of people want to work hard and have a good job in the future. Those who argue against the accuracy the functionalist perspective of education say that there are certain subgroups such as criminals who do not want to work hard and gain qualifications towards a good job. We live in a capitalist society and so all the theories discussed above are implemented in our society today. Every individual is given an equal opportunity to succeed, some take that opportunity and some don't. Our society needs doctors as well as road sweepers, without them society wouldn't function properly. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amir Sheikh ...read more.

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