• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How the Flute has developed throughout time up to the point of Boehm and his 1847 flute, due to technical advancements and different playing requirements

Extracts from this document...


How the Flute has developed throughout time up to the point of Boehm and his 1847 flute, due to technical advancements and different playing requirements The Flute has been for a considerable length of time one, if not the most popular of all woodwind instruments. Its small size and substantial range in tonal colours and pitch are just some of the things that mean it has a lot to offer even the most basic of players. However the flute that is played now is very different to instruments 300 years ago. It also can pride itself on being one of the oldest instruments, dating back to recorders and pre - renaissance times. The Renaissance flutes, were extremely different to modern flutes, not only because they were made out of wood, but because they only had 6 holes rather than the 16 holes/ keys which are found on modern flutes. They also did not have the lip plate. Unlike Modern flutes which are assembled from three main parts, renaissance flutes would be made from a single piece of wood, i.e. they would be one piece (see picture below). However, although rarely used in the Classical tradition within the west today, other than to create authentic performances of renaissance music, similar flutes are extremely common in Asia and India where they are famous with the association of snake charmers. ...read more.


and the institution of new, rational and logical principles (cylindrical bore with large holes in acoustically correct positions, open-standing keys, and a sophisticated mechanism). This was not just 'evolution', but 'revolution'. The result was almost a new kind of instrument. In fact, it was argued by some that the character of the Boehm flute was different-that it was no longer had the charm or effect of the 'true flute'. There would be much resistance to it in some places and by some individuals. This revolutionary design change did not happen all at once. There were numerous experiments by Boehm and others over many years. Boehm freely incorporated available mechanical and acoustic ideas. But only Boehm had the courage to throw out the entire old system and start over-while at the same time having the engineering know-how to produce something that actually worked. One would not know from his published music that Boehm was anything but happy with the flutes of the time. But he, like others, was well aware of certain deficiencies of the simple system flute: the unevenness or inequality of tone, the occasional difficulty of intonation, and the lack of volume. It may in fact be the lack of volume that bothered Boehm most about the old flute. He performed in London in 1831 and his sound was compared unfavourably to that of the English virtuoso Charles Nicholson (1795-1837), whose powerful tone was said to resemble that of the organ. ...read more.


it had to serve as a vent hole for the d'''). The resulting tone and sharpness of c''# remains one of the few defects on the Boehm flute. Otherwise, Boehm was pleased with the tone. It is flexible, but tends to be much richer, especially in the low notes, than the conical bore flute. The octaves will not be perfectly in tune on a completely cylindrical flute. For an extreme example of this phenomenon, consider the renaissance flute. Because of its small diameter cylindrical bore and small tone holes, the octaves are very narrow. The a'' and b'' are so flat when one attempts to play them by over blowing the first octave that different fingerings must be used in the second. It is true that with larger holes and bore, as on many cylindrical ethnic flutes, and with proper cork placement and perhaps adjustments by the player, the first two octaves are pretty well in tune. But Boehm had to make a flute to play three octaves, because that is what the flute music of his time required. Boehm's solution-to getting all three octaves in tune-was to put a taper in the head joint. This cannot be seen externally on a wooden head, but is evident on a metal head. Boehm's 1847 flute remains to this day the basis for all flute making techniques and design. This is unlikely to change anywhere in the near future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Boogie-woogie is a style of blues, which developed from jazz in the early 1900s.

    Other chords used are F, C7, G7, B flat, D flat 7 and C9. Deep Blue Sea Boogie is mainly in G and A minor, but as like Old Joe Clark's Boogie, it uses occasional chords in the treble to compliment the bass line.

  2. Performance Investigation: Bolling Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano Trio: Baroque and Blue

    it gives the entire piece a significant lift in terms of energy released in a sustained fashion throughout the recordings. There is not too much in the way of tempo changes throughout this (apart from the return to the Baroque section which naturally reverts to or close to the original tempo set)

  1. French Flute Music between 1935 and 1955: Varèse, Messiaen and Jolivet

    The last part is an analysis of Varèse's Density 21.5, Messiaen's Le merle noir and Jolivet's Cinq Incantations. In conclusion to this section I will look at comparisons that these pieces have before writing a full conclusion of this thesis.

  2. The Evolution of The Classical Guitar

    4 Tosone) Originally, the vihuela was associated to a small four and five-string guitarra. At the same time, the sixteenth century saw the lute emerge as the favorite instrument of the aristocracy in nearly all of Europe. Spain, however, was a notable exception.

  1. Change and development in two contrasting operas "The Magic Flute" by Mozart and the ...

    Glucks story for this Particular score published in 1779 is based on libretto by Guillard. It is a cleverly written opera in that the main characters are strong and subtle with appropiate music, dramatic recicative, arias and chorus and continuous drama.

  2. In this essay I will discuss about the stereotyping of Bend it like Beckham ...

    Dancing seems to be the only thing Billy has. We also see the stereotyping towards Gays when Billy hits a boy and told him to p*ss off u queer B*stard. This shows that Billy has a violent side to him and is upset here.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work