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In What Respects Is NAM 4 typical of Romantic Music? Wagner.

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Introduction

In What Respects Is NAM 4 typical of Romantic Music? Wagner was born in Leipzig, in Germany, and studied music art and aesthetics at the University. Taking a large part in the German revolution of 1849 he was forced to live in exile until 1860, mostly in Zurich. It was here that he began his work on Tristan and Isolde in 1857, finishing the work in Lucerne in 1859. Wagner was an important figure in opera and believed in Gesamtkunstwerk-all the arts working together. His operas were taken normally from German mythology. His works were performed during the Third Reich and was apparently Hitler's favourite music. The Tristan Prelude is a crucial romantic work which push the boundaries of tonality to their limit. ...read more.

Middle

However, unlike a 'normal' chord, where part of the chord stays the same and part of it moves on, all parts move from the Tristan chord in an unorthodox chromatic elision. There is therefore a process associated with this chord, in which the harmonic function of each part is uncertain and therefore there is a constant harmonic ambiguity. This was normal in romantic times because the composers were a lot more adventurous than classical composers. Similarly, Wagner experiments with the orchestration in the piece. Bars 4-7 are a repeat of bars 1-3 transposed up a minor third and with different orchestration. In bars 8-11 the Tristan chord is played 'upside down' with the diminished fifth in top and the perfect forth down below. ...read more.

Conclusion

Straight after this the Tristan chord is played in the woodwind with the oboes playing the desire motif. The same sequence appears in bar 10-11 however with a slightly different orchestration. The appoggiaturas in bar 17 add a little interest in the piece and just hold the cadence. The structure is different from the normal form for a prelude with an exposition, then a middle section and then two recapitulations, happening at bar 25 and then again at bar 82. At the second recapitulation there are three different leitmotifs in place at the same time. This creates interest and slight dissonance. The aspects which most relate the piece to romantic music are the leitmotifs, extensive use of dissonance, thematic transformation and the use of the tenor registry which we see at the very beginning of the piece. ?? ?? ?? ?? Pete Harries ...read more.

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