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Mozart Symphony No. 41 in C, K551 "Jupiter" Analysis of Development and Recapitulation

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Introduction

Mozart Symphony No. 41 in C, K551 "Jupiter" Analysis of Development and Recapitulation Development First Development The first development starts in the key of E flat major, piano dynamic markings, with woodwind playing a short passage, which then leads into the closing theme from the exposition which is played by the strings. An inverted pedal played by flutes and oboes plays on top while the closing theme continues, when it is then passed over onto the oboes and bassoons in bar 131. From bar 133 onwards starts a thematic development, as the piece goes through several different keys. The woodwind have taken the fanfare from bar 9 (brass do not play), and are using it as a counter-melody, to aid the harmonic changes the piece is going through. The first subject taken for thematic development is taken from the end of the exposition, bar 108 in the violins. ...read more.

Middle

At bar 146 the oboes and bassoon take the theme and split it into 2 halves, and swap them around, helping to move the piece into G minor again at bar 147. Bar 150 sees the piece in D minor, and in bar 151 the piece moves from A minor to E major in bar 153, with the violas playing a dominant pedal. The tune is then briefly passed over to the woodwind for 3 bars when at bar 157 the strings return, now in a small transition section with a variation on the earlier theme playing while underneath the bass goes through E, E7 and Dim 7th into the key of F major, which is the start of the second development. Second Development This section, starting at bar 161, sounds similar to the exposition of the piece, but is different in several ways. ...read more.

Conclusion

At bar 181 the ostinato in the woodwind stops suddenly, and the first violins play the first theme of the development while the second violins and violas continue the ostinato, leading to bar 183 which sees a dominant pedal in the horns, preparing the piece to return to C, and the trumpets and timpani join in as well, giving further support and preparation, until bar 189 where the development then ends. Recapitulation The recapitulation is very similar to the exposition, except for the following changes. Exposition bars Recap bars Changes in Recap First Subject 1-23 189-211 Identical to the exposition Transition 24-55 212-243 Same length, but starts in C minor, and ends in C major, and also avoids modulating to the dominant at bar 244. Second Subject 56-100 244-288 The same but in C, with some several scoring changes, but no major changes. Closing Theme 101-111 289-299 The same but in C Codetta 111-120 299-313 Very similar, but in C as well. Lasts longer in the recapitulation, helping to emphasise the key of C. ...read more.

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