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Notes on 3 Classical works. Structure, melody, rhythm, instrumentation etc.

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Introduction

And The Glory of the Lord (from Messiah) -1741 Basics Composed in 1741 Originally performed in concert halls and theatres nowadays can be performed in a church First performance was given by a small choir and orchestra Performing Forces Choir made of SATB Accompanied by Strings and Continuo (accompanying part, made of cello and harpsichord or organ) Orchestra doubles vocal lines Structure & Melody Starts with Ritornello (orchestral introduction) No set form, based on 4 motifs 1) And the glory the glory of the lord - first sung by alto's, outlines A Major 2) Shall be revealed - first sung by tenors, uses melisma 3) ...read more.

Middle

40 in G minor, 1st movement Basics Composed in 1788 Performed in a large room in a big house or small concert hall Total symphony has 4 movements Performance markings div. (viola part) - players divide into 2 groups 1 - 1 person plays this part A 2 - both players play this part Sf - Accent Tr - Trill Structure & Tonality Sonata Form (Exposition, Recapitulation, Development) G Minor Exposition 1st subject Falling motif; Played by strings first, in G minor 2nd Subject desc chromatic patterns; strings & woodwind, Bb major Development based on 1st subject, developed starts F # Recapitulation 1st Subject repeated with some variation 2nd subject repeated with some variation Coda Perfect Cadences in G Minor Rhythym Metre and Tempo 4/4 throughout and at molto allegro (very fast) ...read more.

Conclusion

28 - 1839 Basics Raindrop because of repeated pedal note 24 preludes, one in each major and minor Most likely performed in home or small concert hall Structure Ternary form (ABA) Section A: Db major lyrical melody accompanied by quavers, inner ABA structure Section B: C# minor melody in bass, builds to 2 FF climaxes Section A: Db major short repeat of first A, ends in coda Rhythm Metre and Tempo In 4/4 time Septuplet and dectuplet in bars 23 and 79 Rubato for expression, to give and take time from the piece Played in Sostenuto, unhurried manner Melody Lyrical Ornamented melody decorated with acciaccaturas and turns Melody moves to bass in section B Made of 4 or 8 bar phrases Tonality and Harmony Db major, occasional chromaticism ...read more.

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