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Origin of Bharatanatyam.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION Principles of classical dance have their origins in the Vedas, which detail the forms of dance and drama Dance is considered to be a form of worship and meditation The Indian classical dance involves body as well as mind The major dance forms are : Bharat Natyam : Named after sage Bharata, the author of Natya Shastra (manual of dramatic art), originated in temples, used to enact religious themes. Involves elaborate system of postures, hand gestures, foot movements (13 postures of the head, nine of the neck, 36 of the eye, 37 of the hand) Kathakali : Lyric dance of Southern India, involving intensive footwork. Performed with acrobatic energy and highly stylized pantomime. Manipuri : Dance associated with Manipur in Northeastern India and characterized by gentle lyrical style Kathak : An intricate dance of northern India that includes passages of narrative pantomime Odissi : A romantic dance of love and passion Some good poses:- http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/natyamandir/abhinaya.jpg http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/natyamandir/abhinaya.jpg http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/natyamandir/tp06c.jpg BHARATANATYAM This is a very popular dance form in South India. It is oldest of all classical dance forms in India. Dance of mind & soul. It is extremely traditional and known for its grace, purity, tenderness, staturesque & sculpturesque poses. It uplifts the dancer and the beholder to a higher level of spiritual consciousness. The dancer is considered as a worshiper, worshiper of the Divine. An embodiment of beauty, charm and gracefulness. The general interpretation for the name is BHAva(expression) + RAga (music) + TAla(rhythm) + NATYAM(dance) = Bharatanatyam Origin Of Bharatanatyam About Bharatanatyam Aspects of Abhinaya Arangetram About Myself & My Gurus Other Bharatanatyam Links References Articles about Bharatanatyam Origin of Bharatanatyam The Gods & Godesses pleaded Lord Brahma to create another veda which would be simple for the common man to understand. It is believed that considering this request Lord Brahma created the Panchamaveda, Fifth veda, Natyaveda, an essence of the other four vedas. ...read more.

Middle

Mushti Hasta Fold all the fingers in to the palm & keep the thumb on them to show Mushti Hasta(like a fist). Sthire Kachagrahe Dardhye Vastraadeenaanchadharane Strength, Dragging by the Hair, Courageous, Holding Things Mallanaam Yudha bhavecha Mushtihastoyamuchyate Wrestling To show all these Mushti Hasta is used. Shikhara Hasta Stretch the thumb finger in Mushti Hasta to show Shikhara Hasta. Madane Karmukhe Sthambe Nishabdhe Pitrutarpane Cupid, Bow, Piller, Silence, Offerings to the dead ancestors Oshte Pravishtaroopecha Radane Prashnabhavane Lips, Enterung, Teeth, Questioning Ange Naasteetivachane Smarane Abinayaantare Limbs, saying 'NO', Recollection, At he end of an expression Katibandhakarshanecha Parirambhavidhoudhave Tieing around the waist, Hugging Shaktitomarayormokshe Ghantanadecha Peshane Weapon names Shakti, Weapon called Tomara, Ringing the Bell, Churning Shikharo Yujyatesoyam Bharatagamavedhibhihi Shikhara Hasta is used to show all these things. Kapitha Hasta Fold the second finger on the thumb in the Shikhara Hasta to show Kapitha Hasta. Lakshmyamchiva Saraswatyam Veshtane Taladharane To show Godess Lakshmi, Saraswati, Going Around, Holding the symbols(Tala) Godohanechanjanecha Leelattasumadharane Milking the cows, Putting eye liners, Holding Flowers Chelanchaladigrahane Patasyivavakuntane Holding the Saree(pallu), Draping a cloth on the face Dhoopadeepaarchanechapi Kapithasamprayujyate To Hold Lamp and Incense, Kapitha Hasta is Used. Katakamukha Hasta Bring together the thumb, index & middle fingers & stretch the other two fingers at an angle to show Katakamukha Hasta. Kusumapachaye Muktasrajaam Daamnancha Dharane Plucking the flowers, Pearl necklace, Wearing Flowers Sharamandaakarshanecha Nagavallee Pradanake Getting attracted by the cupid arrows, Giving Beetle Leaf Kastoorikadi Vastoonaam peshane Gandhavasane Showing Kastoori & other Perfumes, Enjoying the perfumes, Vachane Drushtibhavecha Katakamukha Ishyate To show Talking & Seeing Katakamukha Hasta is used. Suchi Hasta Stretch the index finger & bring together all others to show Suchi Hasta. Ekarthepi Parabrahmabhavanayam Shatapicha Showing Number One, Showing Para Brahma, To show 100 Ravou Nagaryam Lokarthe Tathepivachanepicha Sun, City, Univerce, Saying 'That's how it is' Yachabdepichatatchabdhe Vyajanarthepitarjane Asking 'when, why, who, how?', Scaring Karshye Shalakavapushe Ashcharye Venibhavane Thin or Skinny, Wonder, Showing the hair Chatre Samarthe Konecha Romalyam Bheribhedhane Umbrella, Capable, Room, Exitement, Beating an instrument called Bheri ...read more.

Conclusion

The lyrics can be about how the hero has betrayed, how he has delayed the arrival, how she is angry with her beloved hero etc. The Nayika and Nayaka Bhavas are explained in detail Here. Ashtapadi : These are poet Jayadeva's Sanskrit compositions called Geetagovinda, an extremely romantic composition. It describes the love of Krishna and Radha in twelve cantos containing 24 songs. The songs are sung by Krishna or Radha or by Radha's maid. Each Canto is named differently considering Krishna's status of mind. Saamodadamodara - Joyful Krishna Aakleshakeshava - Careless Krishna Mugdhamadhusoodhana - Bewildered Krishna Snigdhamadhusoodhana - Tender Krishna Saakankshapundareekaksha - Longing Krishna Kuntavaikunta - Indolent Krishna Naagaranaaraayana - Cunning Krishna Vilakshalakshmeepatihi - Abashed Krishna Mandamukunda - Languishing Krishna Chaturachaturbhuja - Intellegent Krishna Saanandadamodara - Blissful Krishna Supreetapeetambara - Ecstatic Krishna Expressions are given foremost importance while performing these poems. Needs lot of grace. The artist should be mature enough to understand the lyrics and the situation to show the rasas. Devaranama : This item is a devotional piece where the lyrics are in praise of god, describing the god etc. This is a pure abhinaya item with almost no emphasis on nritta. Usually the lyrics are in Kannada. These songs are the compositions of great mystics like Purandharadaasa, Kanakadaasa, Vijayadaasa, Vyasaraaja to name a few. The compositions are popularly known as Daasa Sahitya. It is a devotional literatures written in simple language understood by common man. It has made remarkable contribution to the spiritual and cultural upliftment of people by preaching phylosophy of Love, Devotion and Peaceful Co-Existance. If you are looking for some compositions, here they are. Tillana : This is usually the last item in any bharatanatyam performance. Tillana is full of complicated movements & postures. This will also have complicated Muktayas or Sholkattu, ending of any step or aduvu. This is mainly a nritta piece which might have a charana, a meaningfull lyrics for which abinaya is shown. Mangala : Meaning ending the performance. Here the artist will again salute god, guru & the audience for making the performance a success. ...read more.

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