• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline how musicals changed from 1960 to the present day.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the characteristics of the period 1960 to the present day. During this period musicals began to expand; the ?Megamusical? emerged, synthesisers replaced instruments such as strings, the ?concept musical? replaced the ?book musical?, shows were completely integrated, and influences from pop and rock became commonplace. The ?Megamusical? was term used to describe large productions which often had long runs on Broadway and strong special effects similar to those of a blockbuster film. Both ?Jesus Christ Superstar? and ?The Phantom of the Opera? by Lloyd Webber are both ?Megamusicals? which both were Broadway productions and featured large orchestral scoring and amplifications. These two musicals were so successful; they were later made into films. Lloyd Webber?s musicals heavily features influences from pop and rock. His 1978 musical, ?Evita? is dominated by two musical styles; Spanish-tinged rock which is found in ?Don?t Cry for me Argentina? and is used to show cynicism, dissembling, and pretence; ...read more.

Middle

?A Chorus Line? is a concept musical which features many 20th century popular styles. A concept musical is a production in which the dramatic content is influenced by a single initial idea; the concept of ?A Chorus Line sprang from a workshop ?share? sessions. It is the conversations in these sessions which form the basis for the entire musical. The chorus number, ?One? is in the style of a 1930s soft shoe, Cabaret style. ?I can do that? is also in the form of a 1930s jazz dance and features blues touches. Further poplar song styles are demonstrated in ?At The Ballet? and ?Music in The Mirror? which feature rock, waltz, jazz, and funk influences. ?Montage?, the most complex number in the show lasting 20 minutes and being in a rondo form borrows musical ideas from gospel music, easy rock, and Broadway Ballad. ...read more.

Conclusion

?I Dreamed a Dream? is played during Fantine?s death and has a key signature of seven flats; a very flat key, and is characterised by the rising third at the climax at the end of every line. Cosette?s motif, ?Castle on a Cloud? reflects her childlike nature as it has a nursery rhyme quality and is accompanied by a recorder. Valjean rescued Cosette from the family which was abusing her thus he represents the inherent good in every person; however, he is on the run from Javert, who symbolises the bad in every person. These two characters often share music demonstrating the two sides of humanity. In summation, the musicals produced within the period of 1960- present day were able to be developed through the use of technology; synthesisers, body mics, increased amplification, and greater lighting, as well as being able to draw inspiration from the many musical genres and styles which had come before it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Free essay

    Changes and Developments In Te Use Of Tonality In Musicals From Showboat to Sondheim

    twelve characters, or groups of characters, in the musical that are represented in the painting. A motif used throughout the first act of the musical, the 'painting motif', has a distinct chromatic feel to it: This motif consists of all staccato quavers, and contains repeating notes, which is used to

  2. What is musical genius?

    Musical genius cannot be defined. Attempting to reach a conclusion in defining it is a fruitless exercise which will lead to several conclusions and no definitive answer. It is far more satisfying and important to understand how musical genius manifests itself in musicians and how it originated in the first place.

  1. Free essay

    Electro & Funk

    As well as having influences from Jazz, Funk music gets its influences from Rock and Roll, and RnB. The style is also similar to Soul Music, but with a more pronounced beat. Some Funk artists include James Brown, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder and Sly & The Family Stone.

  2. Performance Investigation: Bolling Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano Trio: Baroque and Blue

    and then staccato. Both closely adhere to this pattern throughout all Baroque sections and indeed the articulation is pretty accurate all the way through. Q poses a problem for every performer; with Bolling writing three repeated notes; a pattern which is impossible for most instruments.

  1. What was the social impact of Elvis Presley?

    Source F is a list of top selling singles for the years 1955,1956 and 1957. Source E's content is tells us what we already knew, conservative members of American society opposed Elvis. As with any development these people will disapprove of the changes.

  2. Comment on three musicals from the period 1960 - Present Day

    This theme is harmonically identical to Valjean?s, ?Who am I?? theme which is mostly pentatonic and played in the violins, wind, and percussion. The similarities in the two characters? themes symbolise their connection and most significantly; it is played whenever Cosette, Fantine?s birth and Valjean?s adopted daughter, sets eyes on Marius showing that Cosette will fulfil everything Fantine dreamed of.

  1. Comment on the use of vocal ensembles in musicals from 1900 to the Present ...

    This makes the piece somewhat comical through the use of dramatic irony. Many ensembles are comical and are so in order to provide light relief from a serious plot. This is evident in ?Mater of the House? from ?Les Miserables?, and ?Westside Story?s, ?America? which also features an energetic dance number.

  2. Explain how music was used to reveal characters' personalities in the Broadway Musicals

    This doesn?t only show her status as an outsider in Catfish Row, but also shows her fickle qualities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work