• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Requiem (KV626) by W. A. Mozart (1756-91).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Requiem (KV626) by W. A. Mozart (1756-91) Robert Levin Completion When Mozart died in the early morning hours of December 5, 1791, he left his final masterpiece, the Requiem, unfinished. Less than three months later, a completed score of the Requiem was delivered to its anonymous commissioner. How was the Requiem completed and how would Mozart have completed it had he lived? These mysteries have tantalized musicians for over two centuries. Mozart received the commission to compose the Requiem from a mysterious 'Gray Messenger' in the summer of 1791. The Messenger paid half the commission in advance, but insisted on guarding his patron's anonymity. Already committed to compose an opera for the Bohemian Court, Mozart left for Prague and didn't begin work on the Requiem until his return in September. Before long he became convinced that the Messenger had come to warn him of his own mortality and that he was indeed composing the work for his own death. ...read more.

Middle

Not content with collecting the commission, Constanze had two copies of the Requiem made for her own use. One she sold to King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia. The other she later sold to publishers Breitkopf & H�rtel of Leipzig in 1799. Learning of the pending publication, the anonymous patron finally revealed himself. Franz Count von Walsegg confessed that he had commissioned the work in honor of his late wife Anna, and had passed it off as his own composition at her memorial service. No longer able to claim authorship of the Requiem, he at least wanted a refund of his investment. He eventually compromised by accepting several pieces of music in compensation. Those conversations with the publisher sparked a great controversy surrounding the Requiem. S�ssmayr, who had kept his silence for eight years, wrote the publishers stating that the Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei were entirely his own composition. Abb� Maximilian Stadler, one of Mozart's close associates, carefully marked Count Walsegg's score to indicate which handwriting was Mozart's and which was S�ssmayr's. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was the final clue Harvard musicologist Robert Levin needed to create his own solution to the mystery of Mozart's unfinished Requiem. A noted Mozart scholar, Levin had completed many Mozart fragments and specialized in historically informed performances of Mozart piano works. A lifetime of study allowed him to "get into Mozart's mind." He recognized in Mozart's original score a structure, first suggested by fellow musicologist Christoph Wolff, of five major sections, each ending in a fugue. By completing the "Amen" fugue found in the Berlin sketch and revising S�ssmayr's amateurish "Hosanna" fugue, Levin restored Mozart's original structure. Recognizing recurrences of Mozart's original Requiem theme hidden in the movements attributed entirely to S�ssmayr, Levin deduced that S�ssmayr either had sketches, now lost, or oral instructions from Mozart guiding their composition. By retaining what he recognized as Mozart's themes while revising S�ssmayr's compositional errors, Levin created a new and compelling completion of the Requiem. The mystery of Mozart's Requiem can never truly be laid to rest. With this inspired and historically accurate completion, Dr. Levin has offered one possible solution to the puzzle posed by Mozart over two centuries ago. Notes by - Yvonne Grover ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. The Life of G.F. Handel

    In his lifetime he had only two medical problems. The first one was rheumatism, which is a paralytic disorder and the other medical issue was his blindness, which was first noted in 1751 when he was sixty-six years old. However even with a handicap such as blindness, Handel continued playing and played just as beautifully as before.

  2. Change and development in two contrasting operas "The Magic Flute" by Mozart and the ...

    The effect of this is to build up to the next scene. To summarise Gluck was very talented in his works and was a great inspiration for Mozart because of his use of repetitive themes and melodies and double stopping and tremelando used to create great atmosphere in the overture to get the right mood from the audience.

  1. An investigation into the Mozart Effect.

    Hypotheses 1) Experimental Participants who are tested on a list of 20 basic, 4-6 letter words (e.g. shop) will have higher recall levels of those words when classical music is played during the learning period. Null Participants recall abilities are not affected by the playing of music, any differences that do occur are due to unforeseen variables coming into play.

  2. How does Jacques Loussier’s interpretation of Toccata and Fugue in D Minor differ from ...

    A fugue normally contains predictable structural elements in comparison to a toccata. As a radio program puts it, "If you think about a toccata as a free-flowing conversation, careening from one idea to the next, a fugue is a formal debate."4 So what exactly is a fugue?

  1. An account of the life and works of W.A. Mozart

    Mozart was accepted as a member of the famous Accademia Filarmonica in Bologna, and in Rome, he heard Georgio Allegri's Miserere once in performance in the Sistine Chapel then wrote it out in its entirety from memory; thus producing the first illegal copy of this closely-guarded property of the Vatican.

  2. Discussing Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus.

    In 1777 Mozart obtained a leave of absence for a concert tour and left with his mother for Munich. III A DIFFICULT LATER LIFE The courts of Europe ignored the 21-year-old composer in his search for a more congenial and rewarding appointment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work