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A comparative study of elitism in sport between France, United Kingdom and the United States of America.

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Introduction

A comparative study of elitism in sport between France, United Kingdom and the United States of America. The nature of elite sport is at the very top of the sports ladder, it is one in which the performers are no longer doing it to achieve intrinsic goals but are trying to perform for their country, where the pressure is great and all the countries eyes are on you to do well. There is an obvious difference between France, United Kingdom and the United States, this represented in the way in which each country performs in each world wide sporting event at elite level. In this essay I will find out and justify the reasons why the US always manage to win the Olympics, why France have one so many football championships in recent years. But most importantly why it seems that the UK in these present times are lacking in top level sport performances and why there haven't been any national trophies won by a UK national team in a long time. Before I can take the look at the most successful of the three countries I have to assess the nature of an elite sport before I can accurately make a judgement of them. I'm going to look at the eight areas, which demonstrate this, the most. The commercial aspect of the sports within that country, the pressure that each sports performer has in each country, the globalisation of the sports they play, ...read more.

Middle

Other drugs which are taken are stimulants in particular amphetamines which increase alertness and physical ability, used in gymnastics because of the strength to size ration needed. Other examples are the use of diuretics in boxing and judo to get into a different weight division. There are so many drugs on the market and I'm sure there are some used which can not yet be detected by tests. This is the temptation for top athletes to go to, because of the pressures to win. You can not condone this but you can at least understand why these athletes do it, they risk doing damage to their bodies just to win. Other deviance include cheating in the game whether this be through 'gamesmanship' or downright cheating it emphasises the 'win at all costs' theory. This could be through the professional foul in football or the match fixing in cricket they all are down to the will to succeed no matter how and ultimately the money from winning. The clubs encourage this by offering the players win bonuses, so ultimately in every country this happens, but whom can you blame the fans, the clubs, the players or maybe even the governments? With sport being more globalized it can be used as a political tool. The Olympics are meant to be a time when all wars are stopped and the countries play to the traditional Olympic spirit. ...read more.

Conclusion

I will now find out the differences between France, UK and the US. In recent years I would have to say that on world scale the Americans seem to do the best, in the sports they compete in. In the Olympics they are at the top of the medals list every time, they are excellent at golf and they are up and coming in football and rugby. They will improve in football and rugby as the government invests more money in to the sport they will become one of the best teams around. This is due to the fact that they have such a broad amount of players to choose from as the country is so big that let alone just one of the many states is much bigger than the UK and they have 50 of them! Then there is France who always at the top for most national sporting events, they have recently won the European Championships and the World Cup in football, let alone getting to the final of the rugby World Cup. Then there's the UK who always seem to be lingering within the top nations but can never put their fingers on a trophy. So overall, I would say that USA were the more successful at elite level with wins in the Olympics, Golf (personal and team events such as the Ryder Cup), Tennis, Pool etc. ?? ?? ?? ?? Warren Newbery A2 Sport Studies ...read more.

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