• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A look into social exclusion, the barriers women face in terms of participation whilst reflecting on an initiative/case study to prevent this exclusion.

Extracts from this document...


A look into social exclusion, the barriers women face in terms of participation whilst reflecting on an initiative/case study to prevent this exclusion. In the first part of this assignment there will be a heavy focus on social exclusion and the journey which the topic has travelled, moreover the development of poverty leading to eventual social exclusion. Once this has been defined and discussed, the next section will then go onto look at a particular topic, in this case women in football. It will look at their barriers to participation and difficulties they have encountered in terms of exclusion as well as reflecting on how they are trying to combat it. This will be done by looking at a case study, an initiative which has been set up to try and help make the term 'social exclusion' redundant for women who wish to play football and were previously unable to due to the barriers which will be discussed later. Once the case study has been explained, there will be an evaluation of the particular initiative stating how it could be improved and maybe how other initiatives could be set up to achieve the same ambition. It is essential to firstly introduce the commonly used term social exclusion by defining it. ...read more.


Research has shown that women are paranoid or self conscious about their bodies and the idea of wearing small sports uniforms can put them off. This is ironic as physical activity has a positive effect on their bodies. Lack of role model/media representation As mentioned earlier, there are not many role models in women's football. When the World Cup was being held in America (1999), there was quite extensive coverage of the matches and the most popular player which came out of it was Mia Hann, who for a short while became a household name. In England however, the more well known players, such as, are hardly household names compared to those in the male's game. There is a definite under representation of women in football however this is gradually changing due to individual or groups such as the Women's foundation. Sexual orientation It is a common opinion that women who play sports such as rugby, hockey or football are seen as lesbians. This has originated from the fact that these types of sports are seen as male dominated sports and women who play them are seen as unfeminine. Homophobia is quite common in society, so therefore women who play football keep their sexual orientation quiet. Although these days more females are playing sport, many individuals and even many parents try to avoid their daughters from playing sport as it is seen as unfeminine. ...read more.


will be involved in helping train. As well as Hope Powell (England's women's football coach) * The scheme is well structured and organized, (refer to fig.1, framework). A key part of the project was monitoring the participants' progression, moreover this is clear on the different stages of the initiative. * A wide range of exercises where used to vary the training and to keep the participants interested. The initiative, however, seems to lack in advertisement and marketing, for instance, Active Sports is not as well known as it could potentially be. It seems that the initiative itself it a well thought out, well constructed scheme, which has been organised to every last detail in terms of its target audience, its aims and objectives in terms of increasing participation levels. However it has the potential to increase participation levels even more by efficient marketing. This however does highlight one of the barriers of participation, in which female football/sport is underrepresented in the media, for this to be improved, the sport as a whole is in a need of a increase in popularity, until then, participation levels are going to rise, in complying with Active Sports aims, however until the sport itself can reach the heights of the males games, which seems like a difficult and unrealistic task, participation levels in female football will never increase as much as all the relevant initiatives in the UK want it to. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Coaches always give performers opportunities to develop their range of skills. Sir Alex and ...

    Coaches in should clarify in advance with performers (and/or employers) the number of sessions, fess (if any) and methods of payment. They should explore with performers (and/or employers) the expectation of the outcome of coaching. Written contracts may be appropriate in some circumstances.

  2. The Role And Development Of Women In Sport

    Needless to say the traditional stereotype of weak women did not disappear. If men and women played together then the man would always give the woman every advantage possible such as allowing her to stand as close to the net as she would like when serving, and gentle rally's and shots.

  1. Factors affecting participation in certain sports

    It also depends on the activity. To be a good gymnast you need to be young and flexible. Today, however, with computer technology not all youngsters want to spend their free time playing sports and not all sports are open to very young people.

  2. Barriers to participation in sport

    This there fore limits you to what you can and cant do. Two is that you may have a lot of money and not be the best of golfers however can easily afford the membership fees. This is then excluding you from playing the sport in your local area and therefore could mean that you don't play at all.

  1. Factors Affecting Individual Performance and Participation in games.

    o Sports Council targeting. o Campaigns to heighten awareness. o WOMEN'S OWN ATTITUDES SHOULD BE CHANGED. * Reasons why more women are now participating on sport: o Campaigns. o Better publicity. o More activities available. o Shared home responsibilities. o Encouragement.

  2. Social influences on sport participation

    MIDDLE CLASS. UPPER CLASS. Working Class Family Poverty: No money to allow people of this class to take part in sport. Female Labour: The women don't get paid as much money as the males do this again preventing them from taking part in sport.

  1. Female Participation in Sport

    experience to be brought to the process of sport (UK Sport, 2003: 5). Although efforts have been made to promote female involvement, research has always suggested that the power structures of many sports are heavily weighted in favour of men (for example, Hall et al, 1989; Cohen, 1993; Hargreaves, 1994;)

  2. Discuss the social influences that effect participation in sport.

    The fact that people today are retiring earlier than before plays quite a vital role in participation in sport. Retiring earlier leaves people with a lot more free time as they no longer have a job to go to. These people may decide to take up an activity to pass

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work