• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

synoptic Jan 07

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

(b) (Acquiring and Performing Movement Skills) The classification of motor skills is necessary for effective learning. Identify a motor skill in sport and explain your classification of it using the following continua: open - closed discrete - serial - continuous. Using your classification describe how the skill should be practised for a novice. Explain whether the skill should be practised as a whole or in parts. Identify and explain the three phases of learning motor skills. A player receiving a ball in the centre first and quickly passing it on is an open skill, it is affected by the positioning of other players on the court as well as the speed that the player receiving the pass has just ran to pick it up and of course the position the player is in and the height and speed the pass has been received at. The skill is a serial skill because it includes many different sub-routines, the first being running, followed by jumping, catching, landing and then finally passing the ball onto the next player. A serial skill also has a clear beginning and end. For a novice the skill would be broken down into smaller chunks using part practice, firstly you would concentrate on catching, then throwing and then introduce the footwork rule, this would allow the player to concentrate on one part of the subroutine, it also prevents the learner becoming overloaded with information. ...read more.

Middle

The associative stage is the stage of practice, trial and error is vital during this stage and the performer will act on both intrinsic and extrinsic feedback, the performer will begin to get a feel for the skill allowing intrinsic feedback to occur. The performer will begin to link the mental model with the practice. Again here verbal guidance is vital in order to direct and correct the performer. The Autonomous stage is where the movement is almost automatic it is overlearned and the Stimulus response bond is grooved. The movement looks fluent and is carried out with little conscious control, The motor programme has been formed, however practice must continue inorder to prevent the performer returning to the autonomous stage. (e) (Psychology of Sports Performance) Motivation in sport can be affected by achievement motivation and attribution for performance outcomes. Motives to achieve are more productive in sports performance than motives to avoid failure. * Describe the characteristics of performers who need to achieve in sport. * Explain what is meant by learned helplessness in sport * Explain how you would help a sports performer to reattribute to avoid learned helplessness and to promote mastery orientation. The performers who need to achieve success in sport tend to approach challenges, they are not afraid of failure and are extremely competitive, ...read more.

Conclusion

It would also be a good idea to control the performers state anxiety, if the perception of the demands is high then the player is more likely to become anxious, this can be fixed through verbal persuasion, explaining to the player that the skill isn't that hard and then showing them a demonstration and so using visual persuasion too. The importance of the situation can also cause anxiety, however the coach can explain situation isn't that important. And then the perception of the performers ability to cope may also cause them anxiety, meaning that the coach will need to draw on previous experiences where the performer excelled to persuade them that they are good enough. Goal setting can also be used in order to ensure the performer does come out of the state of learned helplessness, using SMARTER * S - goals must be Specific * M - training targets should be Measurable * A - goals should be Adjustable * R - goals must be Realistic * T - training targets should be Time based * E - goals should be challenging and Exciting * R - goals should be Recorded When the player hits the targets this will give them a sense of achievement and give them some more self confidence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Synoptic Paper section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Synoptic Paper essays

  1. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    Such as the 100m sprint, where the skill is very simple and lasts a short time. This implies that in shot putt the optimal arousal level is high. It was also shown that for any skill a medium level of arousal is the best as too lower level will result

  2. My main aim is to complete a training programme, focusing on mainly developing the ...

    After 6 activities After 10 activities 3 100 160 170 120 150 4 90 140 160 110 140 5 80 120 160 140 140 Comments on Line Graph My graph shows that after 2 activities, there was a steep increase in heart rate in all sessions.

  1. Sport Synoptic Assignment-Maria Sharapova Evaluation

    First Class Lever In a first class lever the fulcrum lies between the effort and resistance force (load) like a seesaw. Another example of a first class lever is the head, just moving it up and down. A first class lever in tennis would be the forehand swing of which Sharapova plays with great strength.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme

    Younger children have a large surface area compared to their volume and therefore they find it hard to regulate their body temperature - this must be taken into account when they are doing exercise. The best type of training for younger children is training that involves using their own weight such as press-ups and sit-ups.

  1. Personal Exercise programme

    Overload is used to gain desired affect. The more times a weight is lifted and the mass of what is lifted. * Interval- this kind of training is for elite athletes and improves their aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Duration, speed, repetition, sets, rests and activity activities performed during rest are varied and adjusted appropriately.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme.

    Reversibility - After periods of detraining adaptations that occurred would be lost; muscle atrophy, Sharkey, 2003 suggests if one training session was undertaken per week strength will be maintained for up to six weeks. I must maintain my work load and not allow it to drop - although with weight

  1. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    strong you have a better chance of holding on to the paddle. To test my power I did the sergeant jump test. I scored 125 but this cannot be compared to national averages as there are non available. However, I do not see this test as being particularly critical anyway

  2. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    The types of abilities are: Speed, power, balance, co-ordination, agility, reaction time, flexibility and timing. Skill, technique and abilities are all linked together in the equation: Skill = Ability + Technique + Practice Different skills require varying abilities and techniques; but they all necessitate training/practice in order to become perfected and 'skilful'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work